• newborns
  • It describes the use of objective testing methods (usually otoacoustic emission (OAE) testing or automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) testing) to screen the hearing of well newborns in a particular target region. (wikipedia.org)
  • We report our preliminary experiences with screening of 24,300 newborns during a 6 month-period when 1 infant with biotinidase deficiency was detected. (biomedsearch.com)
  • METHODS: This prospective study of neonatal hearing screening function, initiated systematically by the 2008 at the Clinical Center Kragujevac, included full-term newborns and premature born ones, within the first 24 h after birth, using a DPOAEs interacoustics otoread-screener. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The costs of screening and diagnosis of haemoglobinopathies in newborns reported here are for a region where the prevalence is relatively high, but the model presented allows costs to be quantified for both targeted and universal screening in areas of differing prevalence. (bmj.com)
  • Results of this trial were focused on a variety of subjects that were included in the 1993 decision of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that all newborns should be screened for hearing loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • and an average of 1:12,000 observed in the neonatal screening of over 20 million newborns. (wikipedia.org)
  • infants
  • Targeted neonatal hearing screening describes the process by which only a specific subset of a population are screened (for instance those infants in the neonatal intensive care unit or with risk factors for hearing loss). (wikipedia.org)
  • To provide best practice in newborn hearing screening through a specialised statewide service, ensuring all infants with significant permanent hearing loss are identified and actively involved in family focused intervention. (cyh.com)
  • While an infant hearing screening program was operating in Victoria from 1992, this program focused on providing detection and intervention strategies for high risk infants before the age of one year, rather than universal hearing screening services at birth. (cyh.com)
  • In this issue of Pediatrics, Bateman et al 1 have elegantly convinced readers that infants of mothers prescribed β-blockers in late pregnancy, in a large American database, have a significantly elevated risk (4.3%) of neonatal hypoglycemia, with an adjusted odds ratio of 1.68. (aappublications.org)
  • Introduction Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) affects up to 60% of term and 80% of preterm infants and is usually a benign phenomenon. (bmj.com)
  • In new born infants, tandem Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) is a widely used analytical technique to identify metabolic neonatal disorders which include aminoacidemia's, urea cycle disorders, organic acidurias, and fatty acid oxidation disease. (technologynetworks.com)
  • Since then, Guthrie card samples have been collected routinely from infants in over 20 countries to screen for phenylketonuria and more recently for congenital hypothyroidism, sickle cell disorders and HIV infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reasons for the lack of hearing screenings is in part due to limited personnel and financial resources, according to McPherson and Olusanya (2008) Hearing screenings are considered a high priority component of a hearing healthcare program in large due to the fact that early detection of hearing loss in infants can allow for prompt assessment, detection, and intervention of congenital and early onset hearing loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • metabolic
  • On the basis of these results, this disorder appears to be as common as other well known metabolic disorders for which mass screening is available. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The concept that capillary blood, obtained from pricking the heel or finger and blotted onto filter paper, could be used to screen for metabolic diseases in large populations of neonates was introduced in Scotland by Robert Guthrie in 1963. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalence
  • Sprinkle et al 6 looked at prevalence and costs of screening in individual States and concluded that universal screening could be provided at socially acceptable costs in demographically arranged diverse States, with cooperation on screening between some States. (bmj.com)
  • Although originally thought to be linked to multiple developmental disorders histidinemia is now accepted as a relatively benign disorder, leading to a reduction in the prevalence of neonatal screening procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • When evaluated according to Wilson and Jungner's criteria, 5 screening for neonatal hypoglycemia does not meet the following criteria: the natural history of the condition is understood, there is a test that is easy to interpret, and the diagnosis and treatment are cost effective. (aappublications.org)
  • Greater use of prenatal diagnosis, resulting in termination, and therefore fewer affected births, reduces the cost effectiveness of universal screening. (bmj.com)
  • neonates
  • The use of continuous interstitial glucose monitoring of at-risk neonates in the Children With Hypoglycemia and Their Later Development study group 4 showed that 23% of neonates with no documented hypoglycemia on blood glucose screening had ≥1 hypoglycemic episode on continuous monitoring. (aappublications.org)
  • Trials of probiotics for prevention of neonatal sepsis have generally been too small and statistically underpowered to detect any benefit, but a randomized controlled trial that enrolled 4,556 neonates in India reported that probiotics significantly reduced the risk of developing sepsis. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • 1978) states, "screening is a process by which individuals are identified who may have disease or disorders that are otherwise undetected" and which many have "findings of asymptomatic cases" (Haggard & Hughes, 1991). (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • This competition landscape is a valuable part of the report as it contains all the necessary information to study the leading companies operating in the global neonatal hearing screening devices market in detail and also reveals how they implement their strategies and vision to stay at top in this highly competitive market. (persistencemarketresearch.com)
  • It was concluded in this study the importance of a hearing screening since this research found one newborn that had hearing deficiency. (arquivosdeorl.org.br)
  • infection
  • Neonatal sepsis is a type of neonatal infection and specifically refers to the presence in a newborn baby of a bacterial blood stream infection (BSI) (such as meningitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, or gastroenteritis) in the setting of fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorder
  • A hearing screening is considered valid, according to McPherson and Olusanya (2008), "if it detects the majority of subjects with the target disorder (high sensitivity) and excludes most subjects without the disorder (high specificity) and if a positive test indicates the presence of the disorder (high positive predictive value). (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000
  • From 1996-2000, NCHAM staff worked with newborn hearing screening programs in 35 states and provided direct assistance to over 200 hospitals in establishing Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • hospital
  • The hearing screen is performed prior to discharge from hospital by the midwife or designated screener and is most often performed at the baby's bedside. (cyh.com)
  • neonatal sepsis is the single most important cause of neonatal death in hospital as well as community in developing country. (wikipedia.org)
  • hearing loss
  • This screening separates children into two groups-those with a high index of suspicion (more likely to have permanent congenital hearing loss) and those with a low index of suspicion (less likely to have permanent congenital hearing loss). (wikipedia.org)
  • Newborn hearing screening is becoming popular as it aims to reduce the age of detection for hearing loss-meaning that diagnosed children can receive early intervention, which is more effective because the brain's ability to learn language (spoken, cued, or signed) reduces as the child ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yoshinaga-Itano C. From screening to early identification and intervention: Discovering predictors to successful outcomes for children with significant hearing loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the lack of readably available hearing screenings in developing countries, hearing loss is often left undetected in all ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2005). Early detection of hearing loss requires reliable, valid, easy to apply, and safe hearing screening battery in order to be used in developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also help design and implement personal and industrial hearing safety programs, newborn hearing screening programs, school hearing screening programs, and provide special fitting ear plugs and other hearing protection devices to help prevent hearing loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • It is intended that this analysis will inform commissioning decisions on appropriate levels of screening for different health districts and supplement existing guidance. (bmj.com)
  • According to the World Health Organization (1971), screening is a "medical investigation that does not arise from a patient's request for advice for specific complains. (wikipedia.org)
  • populations
  • 1 These decisions should depend on the proportions of the population who carry haemoglobinopathy traits, which are related to the concentration of specific ethnic populations (African, Caribbean, Mediterranean, Asian, and those from the Far East and Middle East) and costs of selection, screening, and follow up. (bmj.com)
  • Tsevat et al 3 concluded that screening black populations in the USA was very worthwhile, but for non-black populations the cost was high for each case found and life extended. (bmj.com)
  • test
  • This test is the Neonatal Screening Test, sometimes called the 'Guthrie' test, or 'heel prick' test. (cyh.com)
  • By this method, complete data are found on a whole presynaptic auditory nervous system functioning that has mostly been affected by pathological changes making it a perfect screening test. (biomedsearch.com)
  • blood
  • The limitations of sensitivity and specificity when screening such small volumes of blood restricted the use of dried blood spots for many years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many patients can now be detected on the newborn screen if their blood citrulline is elevated. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • A particular problem inherent in screening only high risk groups is that some individuals belonging to these groups may be difficult to identify. (bmj.com)