• proteins
  • Newly identified proteins in human nasal lavage fluid from non-smokers and smokers using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and peptide mass fingerprinting. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The type 2 cystatin proteins are a class of cysteine proteinase inhibitors found in a variety of human fluids and secretions, where they appear to provide protective functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Members of this family include: Bactericidal permeability-increasing protein (BPI) Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) Palate, lung and nasal epithelium carcinoma-associated protein (PLUNC) These proteins consist of N- and C-terminal domains, which share a similar two-layer alpha/beta structure, but show little sequence identity to each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Watery
  • The following instruments are used in the procedure: Tilley's Forceps Lichtwitz Antral Trocar Cannula Higginson's Rubber Syringe Nasal Speculum Watery, amber color fluid flowing from cannula, immediately on puncture and containing cholesterol crystals, indicates presence of cyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • cavity
  • Overall, NLF CD56dim cells are a unique cell population that likely play a role in orchestrating innate immune responses in the nasal cavity, which is distinct from their role as a non-antigen-restricted cytotoxic CD56dim lymphocytes in the PB. (deepdyve.com)
  • Nasal irrigation, or nasal lavage or nasal douche, is a personal hygiene practice in which the nasal cavity is washed to flush out mucus and debris from the nose and sinuses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment guidelines in both Canada and the United States recommend use of nasal irrigation for all causes of rhinosinusitis and for postoperative cleaning of the nasal cavity. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Furthermore, elevated levels of sensory nerve-mediated tachykinin substance P were found in nasal lavage fluid (NAL) of patients with chronic cough and increased capsaicin cough sensitivity (Cho et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • However, the length of time infectious virus was recovered from the nose was reduced in patients with higher pre-existing H1N1 influenza specific nasal IgA or serum IgA. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • PD may also be used for patients with cardiac instability as it does not result in rapid and significant alterations to body fluids, and for patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus due to the inability to control blood sugar levels through the catheter. (wikipedia.org)
  • saliva
  • This gene is located in the cystatin locus and encodes a cysteine proteinase inhibitor found in saliva, tears, urine, and seminal fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • nostril
  • Every child was subjected to nasal lavage using 2 ml/nostril of the physiologic saline solution, that was therefore analyzed by ImmunoCAP to obtain the IgE concentration. (ijmcmed.org)
  • These irrigation devices pump salt water solution through a tube, in connection with a nasal adapter tip designed to seal against the nostril. (wikipedia.org)
  • saline
  • Nasal irrigation in a wider sense can also refer to the use of saline nasal spray or nebulizers to moisten the mucous membranes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Large volume nasal saline irrigation as a sinus rinse is a preferred method. (wikipedia.org)
  • The application of commercially available saline nasal spray is another simple alternative, but it is relatively inefficient for washing away debris, although it may suffice for simple rehydration of mucous and tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • smokers
  • Therefore, matched CD56+ cells from nasal lavage fluid (NLF) and PB of smokers and non-smokers were compared phenotypically, via flow cytometry, and functionally, via NK-cell specific gene expression. (deepdyve.com)
  • human
  • A further study sequenced MERS-CoV from nasal swabs of dromedary camels in Saudi Arabia and found they had sequences identical to previously sequenced human isolates. (wikipedia.org)
  • wash
  • Presence of frank, foul-smelling pus, which easily mixes with irrigating fluid indicates suppuration and in such cases, antral wash may be repeated once or twice a week. (wikipedia.org)
  • The medical literature demonstrates that most nasal wash bottles become contaminated after use, even with proper instructions for cleaning. (wikipedia.org)
  • mucous
  • The openings are located rostrally to enable drainage of mucous when the head is lowered and prevent fluid build-up. (wikipedia.org)
  • syringe
  • Touching the posterior wall of the sinus by the tip of the cannula may block the cannula and the fluid may not return on pumping the higginson syringe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Large syringe devices with a specially design nasal tip may also be used for nasal irrigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • volunteers
  • This will be done by analyzing nasal viral titers, antiviral defense responses, inflammatory mediator production, and markers of immune responses for LAIV-induced responses between the different groups of volunteers. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • complications
  • Other complications include hypotension (due to excess fluid exchange and sodium removal), low back pain and hernia or leaking fluid due to high pressure within the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • large volume
  • Hypertriglyceridemia and obesity are also concerns due to the large volume of glucose in the fluid, which can add 500-1200 calories to the diet per day. (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • 3) The ability to obtain cultures at the time of lavage, when clinically warranted or indicated by CT-scan evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further evidence suggests that nasal irrigation causes relief for both hay-fever and the common cold. (wikipedia.org)
  • available
  • The gold-standard for the diagnosis is the nasal provocation test that is not everywhere available and difficult to apply in children. (ijmcmed.org)
  • several
  • Infected birds shed the bacteria through feces and nasal discharges, which can remain infectious for several months. (wikipedia.org)
  • tube
  • the use of prophylactic nasal mupirocin can reduce the number of tube site infections, but does not help with peritonitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • If more than three successive puncture shows returning fluid to be persistently purulent, the patient may require functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) and occasionally may need Caldwell-Luc operation. (wikipedia.org)
  • site
  • To bypass the ostium, one more trocar and cannula are inserted at the site of the first one, a fluid returns through the other cannula. (wikipedia.org)