• spinal
  • A structured objective form designed to assist osteopathic physicians in the evaluation of fascial restriction, restriction of spinal motion, and muscle spasticity was developed for use during osteopathic musculoskeletal structural examinations. (jaoa.org)
  • In the present study, confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the relationships between fascial and spinal motion restrictions in addition to spasticity. (jaoa.org)
  • Lower motor neurons transmit nerve signals from your spinal cord to your muscles. (verywell.com)
  • In other words, there is impaired nerve transmission from the brain and spinal cord to the nerves that control your muscles. (verywell.com)
  • The disorder causes flaccid paraplegia (impairment of motor function in lower extremities), total areflexia (below normal or absence of reflexes) of the pelvic limbs and anus, loss of deep pain perception caudal (toward the coccyx, or tail) to the site of spinal cord injury, muscular atrophy (wasting away of muscle tissue), depressed mental state, and respiratory difficulty due to intercostal (muscles that run between the ribs) and diaphragmatic paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Steroids may be prescribed to reduce swelling of the spinal cord, pain, and spasticity. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is no evidence of the degeneration of spinal motor neurons or muscle wasting (amyotrophy) that occurs in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Impaired ability of damaged motor neurons to regulate descending pathways gives rise to disordered spinal reflexes, increased excitability of muscle spindles, and decreased synaptic inhibition. (wikipedia.org)
  • onset
  • A few common uses are determining whether a muscle is active or inactive during movement (onset of activity), assessing the velocity of nerve conduction, and the amount of force generated during movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of these uses, determining the onset of muscle activity has been shown to be the most accurate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Limb
  • The 1913 use in Germany of the rhizotomy procedure by Otfrid Foerster, often wrongly credited as the father of rhizotomy, was therefore actually not the first such use, since Sherrington's studies were used as a basis for performing posterior root rhizotomy for the relief of spasticity in the lower limb muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dystonic hypertonia refers to muscle resistance to passive stretching (in which a therapist gently stretches the inactive contracted muscle to a comfortable length at very low speeds of movement) and a tendency of a limb to return to a fixed involuntary (and sometimes abnormal) posture following movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • upper motor
  • Hypertonia is a term sometimes used synonymously with spasticity and rigidity in the literature surrounding damage to the central nervous system, namely upper motor neuron lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • cramps
  • Two uncommon conditions called benign fasciculation syndrome and cramp fasciculation syndrome cause frequent muscle twitches and, in the latter syndrome, muscle cramps. (verywell.com)
  • hypertonia
  • Inhibitory pressure (applying firm pressure over muscle tendon) and promoting body heat retention and rhythmic rotation (slow repeated rotation of affected body part to stimulate relaxation) have also been proposed as potential methods to decrease hypertonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • movements
  • Physical therapy (PT) includes passive and active range of motion, facilitation of isolated muscle control, transitional movements, strengthening, transfer skills, and gait training. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • involvement
  • However, people with advanced MS sometimes have lower motor neuron involvement, which can lead to muscle twitching-although, again, this is rare. (verywell.com)
  • Speech therapy may be useful for those with involvement of the facial muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • painful
  • It can feel like a muscle tightening, or it can be very painful. (webmd.com)
  • citation needed] Electrical sensors (EMG) inserted into affected muscle groups, while painful, can provide a definitive diagnosis by showing pulsating nerve signals being transmitted to the muscles even when they are at rest. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • It is also variously claimed by clinicians that another advantage to doing the surgery so young is that it is inherently easier for these extremely young children to restrengthen their muscles and to re-learn how to walk, often having the effect that later in life, they do not even remember the period of time when they lived with the spasticity at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • relax
  • You can also get shots of botulinum toxin (such as Botox or Myobloc) to relax your muscles. (webmd.com)
  • function
  • These conditions are believed to be due to hyperexcitable nerves and are not associated with loss or nerve or muscle function. (verywell.com)
  • Damage to this system affects specific functions of the body, primarily relating to the function of muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • These surgeries can help, but they're usually only for extreme cases of spasticity and are rarely performed in patients with MS. (webmd.com)
  • include
  • Early symptoms may include loss of precision muscle coordination (sometimes first manifested in declining penmanship, frequent small injuries to the hands, and dropped items), cramping pain with sustained use, and trembling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tendon
  • Botox therapy is used to paralyze the calf muscles to reduce the opposition of the muscles to stretching the Achilles tendon, usually together with serial casting or splinting. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • Significant muscle pain and cramping may result from very minor exertions like holding a book and turning pages. (wikipedia.org)
  • motor
  • The Gross Motor Quotient measures the ability to use large muscle systems for locomotion, maintain a stable posture when not moving, and throw/catch objects. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • She completed the 26.1 mile 1982 and 1984 New York City Marathon on crutches, because of her lack of motor coordination as well as muscle spasticity. (wikipedia.org)