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  • regeneration
  • These cells represent the oldest known adult stem cell niche, and are involved in the normal growth of muscle, as well as regeneration following injury or disease. (lumenlearning.com)
  • While muscle-resident satellite cells are responsible for all myogenic activity in physiological conditions and become senescent in old age, other progenitor cells such as mesoangioblasts do seem to contribute to muscle regeneration and repair after tissue damage. (frontiersin.org)
  • maturation
  • Early feeding has a positive effect on chick performance because development and maturation of important organs is not retarded post hatch, but continues. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, research has shown that development and maturation of the gastrointestinal tract, and important immune related organs is delayed in chickens that have to rely solely on their residual yolk and have no feed and water available between hatch and placement at the farm. (wikipedia.org)
  • mass
  • Frequency: How often you lift weights must be managed appropriately in order to see gains in muscle mass. (northwestern.edu)
  • What eventually happens to the amount of muscle mass? (northwestern.edu)
  • Some people increase their muscle mass for sport, where others do it because they have to or because they enjoy it. (summer365.co.uk)
  • You can build muscles for strength, stamina, mass and power. (infobarrel.com)
  • Large muscle mass typically can not be developed with this protocol. (infobarrel.com)
  • Large muscle mass is typically developed with strength and power training protocols. (infobarrel.com)
  • In this regard, skeletal muscle is an interesting tissue since it accounts for a large percentage of body mass (about 40%), it is highly amenable to intervention through exercise and it is also key in metabolic and physiological changes underlying frailty susceptibility in the elderly. (frontiersin.org)
  • Similarly, fibro-adipogenic precursor cells seem to be key in the aberrant response that fills up the space left from atrophied muscle mass and which ends up with a dysfunctional muscle having vast areas of fatty infiltration and fibrosis. (frontiersin.org)
  • Muscle weakness and loss of muscle mass can begin in childhood, while some forms of the disease manifest in adulthood. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • on the other hand, smaller than normal amounts of myostatin greatly increase natural muscle mass, strength and decrease fat levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Estrogens can also affect the female body shape in a number of other ways, including increasing fat stores, accelerating metabolism, reducing muscle mass, and increasing bone formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, estrogens reduce muscle mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscle mass changes over time as a result of changes in testosterone and estrogen levels and exercise, besides other factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • mammalian
  • DNA methylation is an essential epigenetic modification for mammalian development and is crucial for the establishment and maintenance of cellular identity. (frontiersin.org)
  • Mammalian Mef2 can cooperate with bHLH transcription factors to turn non-muscle cells in culture into muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • mRNA
  • MyoD mRNA levels are also reported to be elevated in aging skeletal muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interestingly, the mRNA expression of talin-2 has been shown to be regulated by the muscle-specific fragile X mental retardation, autosomal homolog 1 (FXR1) protein, which binds talin2 mRNAs directly and represses translation. (wikipedia.org)
  • glycogen
  • Make sure that your glycogen levels are in full capacity to stop muscle tissue collapse. (thefreehreportonpsu.com)
  • Some metabolic diseases affect the normal metabolic processes in the body: Acid maltase deficiency Carnitine deficiency Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency Debrancher Enzyme Deficiency Lactate dehydrogenase deficiency Mitochondrial myopathy Myoadenylate deaminase deficiency Glycogen storage disease type V Phosphofructokinase deficiency Phosphoglycerate kinase deficiency The MSTN gene also plays a big role in muscle development. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • This will lessen the chances of your body getting injured while doing muscle development exercises. (summer365.co.uk)
  • To ensure your body has enough calories and protein to build muscle, have a snack an hour before your workout begins. (summer365.co.uk)
  • Nitric Oxide Products Equals Muscle Increase For Body Builders? (thefreehreportonpsu.com)
  • Pitx2 null mice are characterized by failure of body wall closure, axial and cardiac malformations and arrest of organ development. (oregonstate.edu)
  • not in citation given] Difficulty building muscle is often associated with the ectomorph body somatotype, however other common reasons also include a lack of proper nutrition, suitable physical activity level or not allowing enough recovery time for the stressed muscles to regain their previous state and then grow bigger (overtraining). (wikipedia.org)
  • Those are typically either diseases that affect muscles and/or protein synthesis, or there might be a genetic disorder that hinders protein synthesis and/or limits the maximum amount of muscles the body can hold to a relatively small amount for that person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscle Control, or Body Development by Will-Power. (wikipedia.org)
  • Head should be narrow with a white halter mark Flat poll with no wool and head covered in fine hair with white tips on the ears Medium sized sheep with a well muscled body Fleece must be dense They should stand square and balanced Ideal color is a darker head and shoulder, light blue color on the back, and dark again around their back end. (wikipedia.org)
  • Female body shape or female figure is the cumulative product of a woman's skeletal structure and the quantity and distribution of muscle and fat on the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • At puberty, a girl's sex hormones, mainly estrogen, will promote breast development and a wider pelvis tilted forward for child bearing, and until menopause a woman's estrogen levels will cause her body to store excess fat in the buttocks, hips and thighs, but generally not around her waist, which will remain about the same size as it was before puberty. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000) the chickens that fasted during the first days of life did not regain their body weight or breast muscle weight by day 41, however chickens that fasted between day 4 and 6 post hatch had full growth compensation by day 41. (wikipedia.org)
  • lean muscle
  • Both of these breeds have an increased ability to convert feed into lean muscle, which causes these particular breeds' meat to have a reduced fat content and reduced tenderness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The truncated myostatin gene is unable to function in its normal capacity, resulting in accelerated lean muscle growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • craniofacial
  • Mef2c upregulates the expression of the homeodomain transcription factors DLX5 and DLX6, two transcription factors that are necessary for craniofacial development. (wikipedia.org)
  • structures
  • While many structures will still form if Wnt6 is knocked out, the structures (ribs, vertebra, and muscles) are fused and not organized properly. (wikipedia.org)
  • In cardiac muscle, beta-catenin localizes to adherens junctions in intercalated disc structures, which are critical for electrical and mechanical coupling between adjacent cardiomyocytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Talin-2 is expressed at high levels in cardiac muscle and functions to provide linkages between the extracellular matrix and actin cytoskeleton at costamere structures to transduce force laterally. (wikipedia.org)
  • fiber
  • Catabolic hormones break down the muscle fiber to prepare it to be rebuilt stronger by the anabolic hormones. (northwestern.edu)
  • When the observer activates a muscle fiber through resistance training, the fiber releases a chemical signal that results in a surge of hormones at the location of the fiber. (northwestern.edu)
  • These hormones affect the fiber development as mentioned above and will dissipate over time. (northwestern.edu)
  • Unused myoblasts dedifferentiate into myosatellite cells, which remain in the muscle fiber until needed to differentiate into new muscle cells when a muscle is damaged or stressed. (lumenlearning.com)
  • epigenetic
  • This review outlines the published data regarding DNA methylation changes along the skeletal muscle program, in both physiological and pathological conditions, to better understand the epigenetic mechanisms that control myogenesis. (frontiersin.org)
  • Most recently, Olson has focused on epigenetic mechanisms and microRNAs as regulators of muscle development and disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • build
  • Many undertake weight training in an effort to build the maximum amount of muscle they are capable of. (northwestern.edu)
  • You must eat carbohydrates, if you wish to build muscle. (summer365.co.uk)
  • When your exercise workout is complete, be sure to engage in a series of stretches to ensure the best environment for your muscles to build and repair themselves. (summer365.co.uk)
  • Sometimes it is hard to build some muscle on your own without the right information. (summer365.co.uk)
  • If you're trying to build up on muscle, you will need to eat a lot more than you are used to. (summer365.co.uk)
  • They could be a large service into a individual who is currently trying to build muscles, and also this information can make why that is apparent. (foodtube.net)
  • You must stay motivated constantly to build muscle , since it takes a while. (mybodybuildingpro.com)
  • When you do build up your muscles you want to make sure your efforts are focused on strength-training regimens. (mybodybuildingpro.com)
  • It can be difficult, at times, to build muscle. (mybodybuildingpro.com)
  • citation needed] Testosterone is a steroid hormone which helps build and maintain muscles with physical activity, such as exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue damage
  • MyoD is expressed at extremely low and essentially undetectable levels in quiescent satellite cells, but expression of MyoD is activated in response to exercise or muscle tissue damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • actin
  • Efficient striated muscle contraction requires precise assembly and regulation of diverse actin filament systems, most notably the sarcomeric thin filaments of the contractile apparatus. (hindawi.com)
  • Actin, alpha skeletal muscle is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ACTA1 gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Skeletal alpha actin expression is induced by stimuli and conditions known to cause muscle formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • ectopic expression of talin-2 in undifferentiated myoblasts dysregulates the actin cytoskeleton, demonstrating that the timing of talin-2 expression during development is critical. (wikipedia.org)
  • In mature cardiomyocytes and skeletal muscle, talin-2 is expressed at costameres and intercalated discs, thus demonstrating that talin2 links integrins and the actin cytoskeleton in stable adhesion complexes involving mature sarcomeres. (wikipedia.org)
  • myostatin
  • clarification needed] The Belgian Blue has a natural mutation in the myostatin gene which codes for the protein, myostatin ("myo" meaning muscle and "statin" meaning stop). (wikipedia.org)
  • These cattle have a muscle yield around 20% more on average than cattle without the genetic myostatin mutation. (wikipedia.org)
  • amino acid
  • The talin-2/β1D-integrin isoforms that are expressed and colocalize in striated muscle form a markedly strong interaction, and a few amino acid deletions in the β1-integrin tail can alter this interaction by 1000-fold. (wikipedia.org)