• liver
  • cDNA cloning of iron sulfur (Ip) subunit of liver mitochondria' Biochemical and Biophysical reserach communications. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Publications] Kiyoshi Kita: 'Human complex II (succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase) : cDNA cloning of iron sulfur (Ip) subumit of liver mitochondria' Biochem. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Publications] Kiyoshi Kita: 'Human comlex II(succinateーubiquinone oxidoreductase):cDNA cloning of iron sulfur(Ip)subunit liver mitochondria' Biochemical and biophysical research communications. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Glycogen is a readily-accessible storage form of glucose, stored in notable quantities in the liver and in small quantities in the muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • alteration
  • Therefore, reduced ER-mitochondria coupling could be a common alteration of several insulin-sensitive tissues playing a key role in altered glucose homeostasis in the context of obesity and T2D. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • interactions
  • Modifications of the interactions between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria, defined as mitochondria-associated membranes (MAMs), were recently shown to be involved in the control of hepatic insulin action and glucose homeostasis, but with conflicting results. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • tissues
  • Ordinarily, the body responds to reduced energy intake by burning fat reserves and consuming muscle and other tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscle tissues are derived from the mesodermal layer of embryonic germ cells in a process known as myogenesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • atrophy
  • Facial muscles may be involved which lead to atrophy of facial muscle groups producing a thin, expressionless face with some having difficulty with chewing. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristic
  • Sarcopenia is the name given to the characteristic age-related loss of muscle mass and strength that affects every older adult, and eventually significantly contributes to outright frailty. (fightaging.org)
  • heart
  • This evidence is supported by an increased amount of MCT shuttle proteins in the heart and muscle in direct proportion to exertion as measured through muscular contraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • contraction
  • Due to the high concentration of ATP around the mitrochondrial creatine kinase, it will convert ATP into PCr which will then move back out into the cells cytoplasm to be converted into ATP (by cytoplasmic creatine kinase) to be used as energy for muscle contraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscle cells contain protein filaments of actin and myosin that slide past one another, producing a contraction that changes both the length and the shape of the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diseases
  • Misfolding of mutant adenine nucleotide translocase in yeast supports a novel mechanism of Ant1-induced muscle diseases. (nih.gov)
  • Whereas
  • Whereas skeletal muscle is the primary site of insulin-mediated glucose uptake and the main target for alterations in insulin-resistant states, the relevance of MAM integrity in muscle insulin resistance is unknown. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Striated muscle contracts and relaxes in short, intense bursts, whereas smooth muscle sustains longer or even near-permanent contractions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type
  • Improved VO2 uptake kinetics and shift in muscle fiber type in high-altitude trekkers. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Type II, fast twitch muscle, has three major subtypes (IIa, IIx, and IIb) that vary in both contractile speed and force generated. (wikipedia.org)
  • In small animals (e.g., rodents) this is the major fast muscle type, explaining the pale color of their flesh. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • The aim of the present research topic was therefore to bring together key experiments, advances, knowledge and new findings related to all aspects of mitochondrial biology in healthy and/or diseased muscle cells. (frontiersin.org)
  • We evaluated the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or combination omega 3 on metabolic characteristics in muscle cells. (biomedsearch.com)
  • organs
  • Smooth muscle or "involuntary muscle" is found within the walls of organs and structures such as the esophagus, stomach, intestines, bronchi, uterus, urethra, bladder, blood vessels, and the arrector pili in the skin (in which it controls erection of body hair). (wikipedia.org)