• Hippocampal
  • The development of these mazes has aided research into, for example, hippocampal synaptic plasticity, NMDA receptor function, and looking into neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rats
  • Effects of runway shift and stay rules on rats' serial pattern learning in the T-maze. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Rats received three-trial series on a T-maze consisting of extended visually distinct left-black and right-striped side runways. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In rats with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, CS enhanced spatial learning, passive avoidance performance, and increased brain N-acetylaspartate/creatine levels, as compared to control rats (saline). (nih.gov)
  • Our data showed that oral administration with GHE at the doses of 35, 70 and 140 mg/kg exerted an improved effect on the learning and memory impairment in rats induced by intracerebral injection of ibotenic acid. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 1944. The effect of the administration of sodium bromide to pregnant rats on the learning ability of offspring: IIL Three-table test. (springer.com)
  • He conducted studies on a number of other topics: "fear in rats, mice, and birds (1931a), advertising (1932a), emotion as it affects muscular steadiness (1932b), fetal activity (1941), and a learning curve for flying an airplane (1946)" (p. 462). (wikipedia.org)
  • Oral administration of dextromethorphan repeatedly during adolescence, however, has been shown to impair learning in those rats during adulthood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rats were trained to run in a straight, alley like maze for a food reward which was located at the end of the alley. (wikipedia.org)
  • Together the two conducted field experiments and studyed the effects of different drugs on maze learning of rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cortical lesions had specific effects on acquisition and retention of knowledge, but the location of the removed cortex had no effect on the rats' performance in the maze. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1949
  • In 1949, Maze and his first wife divorced and in 1950, he married Jessie Lawrie, a Scottish woman who became the subject of many of his paintings. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimuli
  • These fulfilled criteria include a suitable nervous system and sensory receptors, opioid receptors and reduced responses to noxious stimuli when given analgesics and local anaesthetics, physiological changes to noxious stimuli, displaying protective motor reactions, exhibiting avoidance learning and making trade-offs between noxious stimulus avoidance and other motivational requirements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of the experiment was to get kinaesthetic feedback rather than guidance through external stimuli through maze learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulus
  • The studies findings would later give credibility to stimulus and response interpretations that rewards work by strengthening the learned ability to show a habitual motor action in the presence of a particular stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • scenes
  • DIRECTIONS: For each of the six types of conflict, describe scenes from Maze Runner that match that type. (teacherspayteachers.com)
  • They moved to London during which time Maze painted many London scenes from pomp and pageantry to the fogs and dismal back streets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maze stated that "Painters are born, not made" and "the greatest teacher is nature" and so it was in rural West Sussex that he concentrated on painting pastoral landscapes and scenes. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1948
  • We think retrieval processes are central to the kinds of processes that were thought to be responsible for learning by theorists in the cognitive tradition, as exemplified by Tolman (1948). (springer.com)
  • Maze competed in the art competitions at the 1948 Summer Olympics, but did not win a medal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Watson
  • It was conducted in 1907 by John B. Watson and Harvey A. Carr and was named after the sound the rat made after running into the end of the maze. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reward
  • and (2) Reward/Habit Learning, moderated by Ann Graybiel, PhD. Each group was initially tasked with evaluating its assigned draft Construct(s) to determine which constructs were sufficient and which aspects might benefit from revision-e.g., by refining the nature of the Constructs, adding additional Constructs, etc. (nih.gov)
  • curve
  • While some of his findings have endured and remain relevant to this day (Learning Curve), his greatest contribution to the field of memory research was demonstrating that memory can be studied scientifically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Memory
  • His study of V1 (primary visual cortex) led him to believe that it was a site of learning and memory storage (i.e. an engram) in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Declarative memory's counterpart is known as implicit memory or procedural memory, which refers to unconscious memories such as skills (e.g. learning to ride a bicycle). (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, a person's spatial memory is required in order to navigate around a familiar city, just as a rat's spatial memory is needed to learn the location of food at the end of a maze. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Though he was involved in a great variety of topics, his research on conditioning and learning resulted in approximately 50 publications. (wikipedia.org)
  • initially
  • Maze joined the staff of General Hubert Gough, initially as a liaison officer and interpreter but increasing as a military draughtsman undertaking reconnaissance work. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Maze would go to advanced positions, often forward of the British trenches, to produce accurate drawings of enemy positions and other military objectives. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • Donald Olding Hebb FRS (July 22, 1904 - August 20, 1985) was a Canadian psychologist who was influential in the area of neuropsychology, where he sought to understand how the function of neurons contributed to psychological processes such as learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • The work was very dangerous and Maze was wounded three times in four years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vuillard had the most impact on Maze and encouraged his use of the medium of pastels which he felt best suited the style, personality and freshness in his work. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • Determined to serve, Maze made his way to Le Havre and offered his services to the British and became an interpreter with the British cavalry regiment, the Royal Scots Greys. (wikipedia.org)
  • great
  • In 1939, Maze had his first New York City exhibition and in the foreword to the catalogue, Winston Churchill wrote, "His great knowledge of painting and draughtsmanship have enabled him to perfect his remarkable gift. (wikipedia.org)
  • develop
  • Maze became Churchill's artistic mentor, encouraging him to develop his drawing and painting techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • love
  • During the First World War, Maze met Winston Churchill in the trenches and their shared love of painting led to a lifelong friendship. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the age of 12, Maze was sent to school in Southampton, England, to perfect his English and whilst there, he fell in love with all things English. (wikipedia.org)