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  • hippocampal
  • The development of these mazes has aided research into, for example, hippocampal synaptic plasticity, NMDA receptor function, and looking into neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • water maze task
  • However, in most of the brain regions we investigated (with the exception of prefrontal and frontal cortices), L1 mRNA levels were positively correlated with the latency to find the hidden platform in the water maze task and with posttraining plasma corticosterone levels. (epfl.ch)
  • Figure 9 shows that path length to escape to the hidden platform in Morris water maze task decreased during the 2-day training period, in all groups of rats. (nih.gov)
  • The Morris water navigation task is often called a "water maze task", but this is erroneous as it is not, properly speaking, a maze. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimuli
  • These fulfilled criteria include a suitable nervous system and sensory receptors, opioid receptors and reduced responses to noxious stimuli when given analgesics and local anaesthetics, physiological changes to noxious stimuli, displaying protective motor reactions, exhibiting avoidance learning and making trade-offs between noxious stimulus avoidance and other motivational requirements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of the experiment was to get kinaesthetic feedback rather than guidance through external stimuli through maze learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulus
  • The studies findings would later give credibility to stimulus and response interpretations that rewards work by strengthening the learned ability to show a habitual motor action in the presence of a particular stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • This allowed Spence "to show that increasing motivational level will facilitate performance on tasks in which the correct, to-be-learned response is stronger than those of other response-tendencies elicited by a stimulus, but will deter performance on tasks in which the habit-strength of the correct response is initially weaker than those of competing response-tendencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • abilities
  • In this study, we sought to investigate whether differences in the steady-state levels of L1 and NCAM expression in specific brain regions could account for individual differences in learning abilities. (epfl.ch)
  • task
  • In contrast, Spence proposed that essential learning was produced through increases in the excitatory tendencies of task relevant characteristics of the display, and decreases in inhibitory tendencies of the non-relevant characteristics of the display - a continuous learning account not directly detected by the choice measure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Watson
  • It was conducted in 1907 by John B. Watson and Harvey A. Carr and was named after the sound the rat made after running into the end of the maze. (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • He conducted studies on a number of other topics: "fear in rats, mice, and birds (1931a), advertising (1932a), emotion as it affects muscular steadiness (1932b), fetal activity (1941), and a learning curve for flying an airplane (1946)" (p. 462). (wikipedia.org)
  • contribution
  • While some of his findings have endured and remain relevant to this day (Learning Curve), his greatest contribution to the field of memory research was demonstrating that memory can be studied scientifically. (wikipedia.org)
  • While at Yale, Spence collaborated with Walter Shipley to test Clark L. Hull's blind alley maze learning in rats, a contribution which led to further publications while pursuing his PhD. Spence applied to a postdoctoral fellowship to study mathematics after the completion of his graduate training, but his application was rejected by a biologist on the grounds that psychology would never reach a level of precision to require sophisticated mathematical knowledge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reward
  • and (2) Reward/Habit Learning, moderated by Ann Graybiel, PhD. Each group was initially tasked with evaluating its assigned draft Construct(s) to determine which constructs were sufficient and which aspects might benefit from revision-e.g., by refining the nature of the Constructs, adding additional Constructs, etc. (nih.gov)
  • Rats were trained to run in a straight, alley like maze for a food reward which was located at the end of the alley. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • During his time at Indiana his research focused on conditioning in learning and comparative studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though he was involved in a great variety of topics, his research on conditioning and learning resulted in approximately 50 publications. (wikipedia.org)
  • series
  • Rats received three-trial series on a T-maze consisting of extended visually distinct left-black and right-striped side runways. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However
  • Oral administration of dextromethorphan repeatedly during adolescence, however, has been shown to impair learning in those rats during adulthood. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Donald Olding Hebb FRS (July 22, 1904 - August 20, 1985) was a Canadian psychologist who was influential in the area of neuropsychology, where he sought to understand how the function of neurons contributed to psychological processes such as learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • Nov 2017 (News & Events) Dept. of Psychiatry Special Seminar, 11/16/17, 3pm: Pierre-HervĂ© Luppi (INSERM-CNRS), "Cortical activation during paradoxical (REM) sleep and its implication in learning and memory. (columbia.edu)
  • complex
  • The Kavli Institute for Brain Science (KIBS) at Columbia University views the human body's most complex organ as a maze of neural circuits that together form the basis for higher mental function and behavior. (columbia.edu)
  • plus
  • ABC Alphabet Phonics Plus provides everything your child needs to learn the alphabet, phonics and the sound and first words associated with each letter. (filetransit.com)
  • high
  • By the fall, we had a grove of tomato plants so thick and high you could've cut a maze through it like it was a corn field. (blogspot.com)
  • known
  • Eventually reaching a British Army outpost, he learns that a world-wide war, known as the War Between the Nations, has been raging and that this world, in which it is 1904, bears even less relation to his own 'real' time than the one he had left. (wikipedia.org)
  • back
  • Seth, Jay, James, Jonah Hill, and Craig Robinson survive, run back inside the house, learn that the biggest earthquake has struck Los Angeles on the news, take inventory of their supplies, set up a ration system, board up the house and await help. (wikipedia.org)
  • house
  • Thus, our results suggest that spatial information about house and street orientation is coded differently and that house orientation and location is primarily learned in an action-oriented way, which is in line with an enactive framework for human cognition. (springer.com)
  • live
  • The list of issues so many learn to "live with" prior to going gluten free always amazes (and saddens) me. (dsimpsonbooks.com)
  • From the report of the Governor of English Factory it was learned that Shaista Khan used to live in this room and some Europeans were kept in custody here. (wikipedia.org)
  • sound
  • While the record Rat's May Dream Of Maze was good enough to be given a rave review on Planet Sound, band members Weston, Cook and King felt let down by the quality and effort of the studio, feeling Griffiths and compatriot were more interested in intoxication than recording. (wikipedia.org)