• obstructive
  • The term ILD is used to distinguish these diseases from obstructive airways diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • In obstructive lung disease however, the FEV1/FVC is less than 0.7, indicating that FEV1 is significantly reduced when compared to the total expired volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • On spirometry, as a restrictive lung disease, both the FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) and FVC (forced vital capacity) are reduced so the FEV1/FVC ratio is normal or even increased in contrast to obstructive lung disease where this ratio is reduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • fibrotic
  • Examples include autoimmune disorders, viral infections and bacterial infection like tuberculosis which may cause fibrotic changes in both lungs upper or lower lobes and other microscopic injuries to the lung. (wikipedia.org)
  • Causes
  • Other causes include autoimmune diseases or occupational exposures to molds, gases, or fumes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Restrictive lung diseases may be due to specific causes which can be intrinsic to the parenchyma of the lung, or extrinsic to it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although, exercise training does not directly improve lung function, it causes several physiological adaptations to exercise which can improve physical condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shortness of Bre
  • Shortness of breath affects the breathing passages and the lungs, the heart, or blood vessels. (medicinenet.com)
  • When it affects the lungs there may be wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or chest pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common clinical features of IPF include the following: Age over 50 years Dry, non-productive cough on exertion Progressive exertional dyspnea (shortness of breath with exercise) Dry, inspiratory bibasilar "velcro-like" crackles on auscultation (a crackling sound in the lungs during inhalation similar to Velcro being torn apart slowly, heard with a stethoscope). (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory Diseases
  • Restrictive lung diseases (or restrictive ventilatory defects) are a category of extrapulmonary, pleural, or parenchymal respiratory diseases that restrict lung expansion, resulting in a decreased lung volume, an increased work of breathing, and inadequate ventilation and/or oxygenation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Then-Governor of New York George Pataki signed legislation on August 14, 2006, to expand death benefits to Ground Zero workers who die from cancer or respiratory diseases, under the presumption that the cause was due to exposure during recovery efforts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Farmer's Lung
  • Silo-filler's disease (not to be confused with farmer's lung associated with inhalation of biologic dusts) results from inhalation of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) gas from fresh silage. (wikipedia.org)
  • alveolar
  • It is hypothesized that the initial or repetitive injury in IPF occurs to the lung cells, called alveolar epithelial cells (AECs, pneumocytes), which line the majority of the alveolar surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • dust
  • Also called black lung, this is a lung disorder caused by inhaling coal dust. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Breathing in dust or other particles in the air is responsible for some types of interstitial lung diseases. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Agricola, in the mid-16th century, wrote about lung problems from dust inhalation in miners. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease arises firstly through the deposition of silica or coal dust (or other dust) within the lung, and then through the body's immunological reactions to the dust. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immunologically, disease is caused primarily through the activity of lung macrophages, which phagocytose dust particles after their deposition. (wikipedia.org)
  • These macrophages seek to eliminate the dust particle through either the mucociliary mechanism, or through lymphatic vessels which drain the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the examination did not compare the particles found in his lungs with actual dust from the World Trade Center site. (wikipedia.org)
  • A third opinion obtained by Zadroga's family later that month from Dr. Michael Baden, chief forensic pathologist of the New York State Police (and former New York City Medical Examiner), backed the original claim of WTC dust responsibility, citing the presence of glass fibers in Zadroga's lungs that could not be related to injecting drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical
  • Approach to the adult with interstitial lung disease: Clinical evaluation. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Radiologic appearance alone however is not adequate and should be interpreted in the clinical context, keeping in mind the temporal profile of the disease process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Granulomatous disease in CVID: retrospective analysis of clinical characteristics and treatment efficacy in a cohort of 59 patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease is rare, possibly because of the large quantity of spores that need to be inhaled for clinical effects to occur. (wikipedia.org)