• Amygdala
  • oxytocin in the CeA exerts a facilitatory role in the maintenance of hydroelectrolyte balance" "the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) and its connections with the nigral dopamine system have been reported to modulate cognitive processes dependent substantially on attentional allocation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hypothalamus
  • Hypothalamus:Regulates the autonomic nervous system via hormone production and release. (blogspot.com)
  • Through the diverse outputs of the orexin system, the orexin neurons in the lateral hypothalamus mediate an array of functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • More generally, the orexinergic neural projections of the lateral hypothalamus are involved in thermoregulation, regulating gastrointestinal motility and gastrointestinal function by way of the dorsal nucleus of the vagus nerve, reducing pain and nociception through several output structures (e.g., periaqueductal gray matter), modulating the rewarding property of stimuli through the ventral tegmental area projections and other outputs in the reward system, regulating energy homeostasis and neuroendocrine functions (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclei
  • In addition to the histaminergic nucleus, the orexin system also projects onto the ventral tegmental area dopamine nucleus, locus ceruleus noradrenergic nucleus, the serotonergic raphe nuclei, and cholinergic pedunculopontine nucleus and laterodorsal tegmental nucleus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The histaminergic, dopaminergic, serotonergic, noradrenergic, and cholinergic nuclei which the lateral hypothalamic orexin neurons project onto constitute the primary components of the ascending reticular activating system. (wikipedia.org)
  • neural
  • By liberating deeply held physical tensions, we also liberate psychic tensions, because every group of muscle cells is also connected via the neural and endocrine systems to the brain. (wordpress.com)
  • This integration can occur very fast if we design a warm-up cool down that follows precise natural laws for awakening the endocrine, neural, and circulatory systems in a specific sequence under conditions of chemical balance, i.e. acid base equilibrium . (wordpress.com)
  • Procedural memory is created through procedural learning or, repeating a complex activity over and over again until all of the relevant neural systems work together to automatically produce the activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In modeling neural networks of the nervous system one has to consider many factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The brain and the neural network should be considered as an integrated and self-contained firmware system that includes hardware (organs), software (programs), memory (short term and long term), database (centralized and distributed), and a complex network of active elements (such as neurons, synapses, and tissues) and passive elements (such as parts of visual and auditory system) that carry information within and in-and-out of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neural network is integrated with the human organs to form the human machine comprising the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • A third way is to hypothesize a theory of the functioning of the biological components of the neural system by a mathematical model, in the form of a set of mathematical equations. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurons
  • this system of neurons mediates an array of cognitive and physical processes, such as promoting feeding behavior and arousal, reducing pain perception, and regulating body temperature, digestive functions, and blood pressure, among many others. (wikipedia.org)
  • anatomy
  • Although the term only originated in the 1940s, some neuroscientists, including Joseph LeDoux, have suggested that the concept of a functionally unified limbic system should be abandoned as obsolete because it is grounded mainly in historical concepts of brain anatomy that are no longer accepted as accurate. (wikipedia.org)
  • areas
  • After all, the main emotional processing gets done in the limbic and above mentioned areas of the brain, which are in a very specific area of each brain, not somewhere totally random. (physicsforums.com)
  • memory
  • In contrast to the short-term memory, long-term memory refers to the ability to hold information for a prolonged time and is possibly the most complex component of the human memory system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The difference between procedural and declarative memory systems was first explored and understood with simple semantics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cognitive psychology disregarded the influence of learning on memory systems in its early years, and this greatly limited the research conducted in procedural learning up until the 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although this finding indicated that memory was not made up of a single system positioned in one place in the brain, at the time, others agreed that motor skills are likely a special case that represented a less cognitive form of memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Paul McLean suggested that the human brain could be viewed as three systems of different ages - an old reptilian brain, a middle (early mammalian) brain, topped off with a new, advanced brain, the neocortex. (nutramed.com)
  • Although highly sophisticated computer systems have been developed and used in all walks of life, they are nowhere close to the human system in hardware and software capabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • So, scientists have been at work to understand the human operation system and try to simulate its functionalities. (wikipedia.org)
  • visceral
  • Clinically significant disorders that involve dysfunctions of the orexinergic projection system include narcolepsy, motility disorders or functional gastrointestinal disorders involving visceral hypersensitivity (e.g., irritable bowel syndrome), and eating disorders. (wikipedia.org)