• Insects
  • The Lepidoptera are among the most successful groups of insects. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fossil record for Lepidoptera is lacking in comparison to other winged species, and tending not to be as common as some other insects in the habitats that are most conducive to fossilization, such as lakes and ponds, and their juvenile stage has only the head capsule as a hard part that might be preserved. (wikipedia.org)
  • females
  • The Ditrysia, which comprise 98% of the Lepidoptera, have two separate openings for reproduction in the females (as well as a third opening for excretion), one for mating, and one for laying eggs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lepidoptera have some of the most complex genital structures in the insect groups with a wide variety of complex spines, setae, scales and tufts in males, claspers of different shapes and different modifications of the ductus bursae in females. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are three basic configurations of genitalia in the majority of the Lepidoptera based on how the arrangement in females of openings for copulation, fertilisation and egg-laying has evolved: Exoporian : Hepialidae and related families have an external groove that carries sperm from the copulatory opening (gonopore) to the (ovipore) and are termed Exoporian. (wikipedia.org)
  • diversity
  • Scoble, M.J. (1995) The Lepidoptera: form, function and diversity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of Lepidoptera are to be found in the tropics, but substantial diversity exists on most continents. (wikipedia.org)
  • The diversity of Lepidoptera in each faunal region has been estimated by John Heppner in 1991 based partly on actual counts from the literature, partly on the card indices in the Natural History Museum (London) and the National Museum of Natural History (Washington), and partly on estimates: The British Indian Ocean Territory is sometimes considered as an African territory, since it was historically part of Mauritius. (wikipedia.org)
  • names
  • The Global Lepidoptera Names Index or LepIndex allows anyone free internet access to: the zoological authority who named a butterfly or moth species where the original description was published status of the name (valid name or synonym) It is the main source of Lepidoptera names in the Integrated Taxonomic Information System and Catalogue of Life. (wikipedia.org)