• liver
  • The virus is most commonly found in the liver, spleen, lymph nodes, and skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The AST to ALT ratio can also occasionally be elevated in a liver disease pattern in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and it is frequently elevated in an alcoholic liver disease pattern in patients with hepatitis C who have developed cirrhosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aspartate transaminase Alanine transaminase Liver function tests Elevated transaminases Nyblom H, Berggren U, Balldin J, Olsson R (2004). (wikipedia.org)
  • When TDAV was found, the original source of virus (the antitoxin) was injected into 4 additional healthy horses, with one displaying increased liver enzymes and all 4 having increased levels of TDAV, showing that the virus can be spread by inoculation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subclinical horses may only show elevated liver enzymes without any other clinical signs. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a two- to threefold increased risk of WM in people with a personal history of autoimmune diseases with autoantibodies, and a particularly elevated risk associated with liver inflammation, human immunodeficiency virus, and rickettsiosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • porcine
  • and circovirus, which includes porcine circovirus types 1 and 2, psittacine beak and feather disease virus, pigeon circovirus, canary circovirus goose circovirus. (wikipedia.org)
  • detection
  • Serological detection can identify rodents previously exposed to PVM, but serology is not a good tool to identify current carriers of this virus. (zoologix.com)
  • Serological detection of the virus is of limited value because it takes 2 to 3 weeks after initial exposure (ie 1 to 2 weeks after clinical symptoms appear) for a detectable immune response to develop. (zoologix.com)
  • Blood samples, nasal swabs and semen can be used for isolation of the virus, detection of the viral RNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and detection of antibodies by ELISA and virus neutralisation tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • However, serological assays cannot detect virus infections directly in immunodeficient strains of rodents that do not generate a humoral immune response, and even in immunocompetent rodents the time needed for seroconversion is too long for rapid diagnosis of the disease. (zoologix.com)
  • However, not all horses that tested positive for this virus showed clinical signs, so additional causative factors such as immune mediated hypersensitivity or co-infections with other agents may be required to produce disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Levels
  • Specifically, people with mildly elevated levels of bilirubin (1.1 mg/dl to 2.7 mg/dl) were at lower risk for CAD and at lower risk for future heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moderately elevated levels of bilirubin in people with GS and the (TA)7/(TA)7 genotype were associated with one-third the risk for both coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease as compared to those with the (TA)6/(TA)6 genotype (i.e. a normal, nonmutated gene locus). (wikipedia.org)
  • The elevated levels of bilirubin and decreasing levels of MPV and CRP in Gilbert's syndrome patients may have an effect on the slowing down of the atherosclerotic process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early signs of systemic complement-mediated TMA include thrombocytopenia (platelet count below 150,000 or a decrease from baseline of at least 25%) and evidence of microangiopathic hemolysis, which is characterized by elevated LDH levels, decreased haptoglobin, decreased hemoglobin (the oxygen-containing component of blood), and/or the presence of schistocytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • horses
  • All horses that were initially negative remained so, suggesting that the virus is poorly transmitted horizontally. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Other members of Pneumovirus include human and bovine syncytial viruses (HRSV and BRSV, respectively). (zoologix.com)
  • Flaviviruses include the West Nile virus, dengue virus, Tick-borne Encephalitis Virus, Yellow Fever Virus, and several other viruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • The viruses in this family that are of veterinary importance include Japanese encephalitis virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, Israel turkey meningoencephalomyelitis virus, Sitiawan virus, Wesselsbron virus, yellow fever virus and the tick-borne flaviviruses e.g. louping ill virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paramyxoviruses are a diverse family of non-segmented negative strand RNA viruses that include many highly pathogenic viruses affecting humans, animals, and birds. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include canine distemper virus (dogs), phocine distemper virus (seals), cetacean morbillivirus (dolphins and porpoises) Newcastle disease virus (birds) and rinderpest virus (cattle). (wikipedia.org)
  • aerosol
  • Reo-3 virus can be transmitted between animals by aerosol and fecal-oral routes, and fomite transmission is possible because the virus is environmentally stable. (zoologix.com)
  • cells
  • After about seven days the cells lost their ability to support LDV even though they could support other viruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus which replicates in the cytoplasm of infected cells and is the only member of the Asfarviridae family. (wikipedia.org)
  • animals
  • The virus which causes EVA was first isolated in 1953, but the disease has afflicted equine animals worldwide for centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • days
  • They found that many types of transplantable tumors caused a five to tenfold increase in the plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity within three days of the transplantation. (wikipedia.org)