• excretion
  • Vasopressin regulates water excretion from the kidney by increasing the osmotic water permeability of the renal collecting duct - an effect that is explained by coupling of the V2R with the Gs signaling pathway, which activates cAMP. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Alcohol stimulates the kidneys' excretion of magnesium, which is also increased because of alcoholic and diabetic ketoacidosis, low blood phosphate levels, and hyperaldosteronism resulting from liver disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gitelman syndrome is an autosomal recessive kidney disorder characterized by low blood levels of potassium and magnesium, decreased excretion of calcium in the urine, and elevated blood pH. (wikipedia.org)
  • AVPR2's
  • In the kidney, AVPR2's primary function is to respond to arginine vasopressin by stimulating mechanisms that concentrate the urine and maintain water homeostasis in the organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the kidney, AVPR2's primary property is to respond to arginine vasopressin by stimulating mechanisms that concentrate the urine and maintain water homeostasis in the organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liver
  • If peripheral and liver signatures are parallel, peripheral signature may become a non-invasive tool of exploration of chronic HEV infection in kidney-transplant recipients. (bioportfolio.com)
  • They are given for high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, water retention and kidney or liver disease. (livestrong.com)
  • urine
  • These loop diuretics are very powerful and cause the kidneys to get rid of more urine, lowering the amount of water in the body, according to Cedars Sinai Medical Center. (livestrong.com)
  • Disease
  • Background: Diabetes is common among American Indian people and diabetic kidney disease is a common complication. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Kidney disease caused by diabetes can lead to the need for kidney replace. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Proteinuric kidney disease, especially in the early and middle stages of renal insufficiency, may be favorably affected by ACE-I/ARB. (bioportfolio.com)
  • It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). (bioportfolio.com)
  • hormones
  • These hormones also function in regulating the conservation of water by the kidneys and glucose metabolism, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • V1Rs are found in kidney, where they occur in high density on medullary interstitial cells, vasa recta, and epithelial cells of the collecting duct. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1971. Electrolyte transport in kidney tubule cells. (springer.com)
  • AVPR2 is also expressed outside the kidney, and, when stimulated, can cause the release of Von Willebrand Factor from the Weibl-Palade Bodies in the endothelial cells of the vasculature. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • Within the recommended dose, no effects are expected, but chronic ingestion in excess of 12 mg/day are expected to cause adverse effects, and an intake that high is possible when fluoride levels are around 4 mg/L. Those with impaired kidney function are more susceptible to adverse effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Gastrointestinal causes: the distal tractus digestivus secretes high levels of magnesium. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Therefore, the major goal of the study is to analyse for the first time the host responses in kidney-transplant recipients with chronic HEV infection and to compare them to the host responses in kidney-transplant recipients without viral infection (controls), to identify a specific peripheral signature using blood microarray-based gene expression profiling. (bioportfolio.com)
  • In normal individuals, free light chains are rapidly cleared from the blood and catabolised by the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low levels of magnesium in blood may mean that there is not enough magnesium in the diet, the intestines are not absorbing enough magnesium, or the kidneys are excreting too much magnesium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Levels
  • Fluoride induced nephrotoxicity is kidney injury due to toxic levels of serum fluoride, commonly due to release of fluoride from fluorine-containing drugs, such as methoxyflurane. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal
  • Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. (bioportfolio.com)
  • It is very efficient and can process10-30g of low-molecular-weight proteins per day, so under normal conditions no light chains pass beyond the proximal tubules. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • Renal insufficiency can be classified by the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). (bioportfolio.com)
  • patients
  • The NephoMIC project is a biological collection in patients of Nephrology, allowing the study of the links between kidney diseases, Immunity system and Cardiovascular complications. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This study will investigate tolerance in kidney transplant patients. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This is termed "cast nephropathy" or "myeloma kidney" and is typically found in patients with multiple myeloma. (wikipedia.org)