• obstetric
  • It is frequently associated with obstetric catastrophes such as abruptio placentae and septic shock, and is three times more common in developing nations versus industrialized nations (2% versus 6% in causes of acute kidney failure). (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnostic
  • While the only diagnostic "gold standard" mechanism of diagnosis en vivo is via kidney biopsy, the clinical conditions and blood clotting disorder often associated with this disease may make it impractical in a clinical setting. (wikipedia.org)
  • injury
  • Disclosure: Received none from Coinventor on patents submitted for the use of NGAL as a biomarker of kidney injury for none. (medscape.com)
  • The condition is "usually caused by significantly diminished arterial perfusion of the kidneys due to spasms of the feeding arteries, microvascular injury, or disseminated intravascular coagulation" and is the pathological progression of acute tubular necrosis. (wikipedia.org)