• cells
  • Historically, karyotypes have been obtained by staining cells after they have been chemically arrested during cell division. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the diversity of platforms, ultimately they all use genomic DNA from disrupted cells to recreate a high resolution karyotype in silico. (wikipedia.org)
  • samples
  • Virtual karyotypes can be performed on germline samples for constitutional disorders, and clinical testing is available from dozens of CLIA certified laboratories (genetests.org). (wikipedia.org)