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  • Ashkenazi Jews
  • The traditional diaspora language of Ashkenazi Jews is Yiddish (a Germanic language with elements of Hebrew and Aramaic ), developed after they had moved into northern Europe: beginning with Germany and France in the Middle Ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is estimated that in the 11th century Ashkenazi Jews composed three percent of the world's total Jewish population , while an estimate made in 1930 (near the population's peak) had them as 92 percent of the world's Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistical figures vary for the contemporary demography of Ashkenazi Jews, ranging from 10 million to 11.2 million. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sergio Della Pergola in a rough calculation of Sephardic and Mizrahi Jews , implies that Ashkenazi Jews make up less than 74% of Jews worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other estimates place Ashkenazi Jews as making up about 75% of Jews worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The origin of the Ashkenazi Jews, who come most recently from Europe, has largely been shrouded in mystery. (livescience.com)
  • Little is known about the history of Ashkenazi Jews before they were expelled from the Mediterranean and settled in what is now Poland around the 12th century. (livescience.com)
  • On average, all Ashkenazi Jews are genetically as closely related to each other as fourth or fifth cousins, said Dr. Harry Ostrer, a pathology, pediatrics and genetics professor at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York and the author of 'Legacy: A Genetic History of the Jewish People' (Oxford University Press, 2012). (livescience.com)
  • Richards and his colleagues analyzed mitochondrial DNA, which is contained in the cytoplasm of the egg and passed down only from the mother, from more than 3,500 people throughout the Near East, the Caucusus and Europe, including Ashkenazi Jews. (livescience.com)
  • All told, more than 80 percent of the maternal lineages of Ashkenazi Jews could be traced to Europe, with only a few lineages originating in the Near East. (livescience.com)
  • The finding should thoroughly debunk one of the most questionable, but still tenacious, hypotheses: that most Ashkenazi Jews can trace their roots to the mysterious Khazar Kingdom that flourished during the ninth century in the region between the Byzantine Empire and the Persian Empire, Richards and Ostrer said. (livescience.com)
  • Further research is needed to elucidate those etiologic factors that contribute to the apparent excess of PC in Ashkenazi Jews. (springer.com)
  • Ashkenazi Jews, Jews living mainly in Northern Italy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Jewish community of Australia is composed mostly of Ashkenazi Jews, though there are Jews in Australia from many other traditions and levels of religious observance and participation in the Jewish community. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dominant language among Jews in Jerusalem was Yiddish, due to the large migration of pious Ashkenazi Jews from Russia and Eastern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jewish
  • The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula , are a Jewish ethnic division . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Jews of Germany"), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium . (wikipedia.org)
  • 7. Australian Islamic Library www.australianislamiclibrary.org Dawah for Jews 7 This book is written with a hope that it would become a source for our Jewish brothers and sisters to come closer to God by following His right path and path of those that He blessed. (slideshare.net)
  • And on the list of things that make someone Jewish, far more Jews chose things such as remembering the Holocaust, being moral and ethical, working for justice and even having a good sense of humor than such traditional markers as belonging to the Jewish community or observing religious law. (usatoday.com)
  • The History of the Jews in Latvia dates back to the first Jewish colony established in Piltene in 1571. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today's Jewish community traces its roots to survivors of the Holocaust, Jews who fled to the USSR to escape the Nazi invasion and later returned, and mostly to Jews newly immigrated to Latvia from the Soviet Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, the Jewish population of the Baltic region gradually increased because, from time to time, additional Jews who enjoyed special "privileges", such as university graduates, those engaged in "useful" professions, etc., received authorization to settle there. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most Jewish population centers of this period were however still in the East ( Iudaea and Syria ) and in Egypt ( Alexandria was by far the most important of the Jewish communities, the Jews in Philo 's time were inhabiting two of the five sections of the city). (wikipedia.org)
  • The community's Torah scroll would eventually be passed down to the Jews of Kobe, a group formed of freed Russian Jewish war prisoners that had participated in the Czar 's army and the Russian Revolution of 1905 . (wikipedia.org)
  • From the mid 1920s until the 1950s, the Kobe Jewish community was the largest Jewish community in Japan, formed by hundreds of Jews arriving from Russia (originating from the Manchurian city of Harbin ), the Middle East (mainly from Iraq and Syria ), as well as from Central and Eastern European countries (primarily Germany ). (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time, Tokyo 's Jewish community (now Japan's largest) was slowly growing with the arrival of Jews from the United States , Western Europe, and Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on accounts such as those of Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, by the time of the destruction of the Second Temple in A.D. 70, as many as 6 million Jews were living in the Roman Empire , but outside Israel, mainly in Italy and Southern Europe. (livescience.com)
  • Following the jihadist attack on a kippa [Jewish skull-cap] wearing Jewish teacher in Marseille, the president of the city's Jewish community, Zvi Ammar, advised French Jews to leave their kippas at home. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • And finally, to those Jewish elements in Europe trying to persuade Jews to stay in France and boast about their Judaism: remember what happened 70 years ago. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • According to the latest Iranian census, the remaining Jewish population of Iran was 8,756 in 2012, while the number of crypto-Jews is unknown. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persian Jews lived in the ancient (and until the mid-20th century still extant) communities not only of Iran, but also the Armenian, Georgian, Iraqi, Bukharan, and Mountain Jewish communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the communities have been isolated from other Jewish communities, to the extent that their classification as "Persian Jews" is a matter of linguistic or geographical convenience rather than actual historical relationship with one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • But the Library of Congress's country study on Iran states that "Over the centuries the Jews of Iran became physically, culturally, and linguistically indistinguishable from the non-Jewish population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Red Jews were a legendary Jewish nation that appear in vernacular sources in Germany during the medieval era, from the 5th to the 15th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anti-Turkism Antisemitism Brutakhi History of the Jews in Germany Jewish Bolshevism Khazars Prester John The Wandering Jew Jewish Cossacks Anderson, Andrew Runni. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like their kindred Oberlander Jews, the term is uniquely Jewish one, and is not related to "Lower Hungary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Punk Jews premiered at the Manhattan Jewish Community Center on December 11, 2012. (wikipedia.org)
  • 41 percent of workers in culture, theaters and cinema, over 65 percent of barbers, 43 percent of dentists, 45 percent of senior nurses in Galicia were Jewish,[citation needed] and 2,200 Jews were lawyers. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the conflict, 1,200 Jews joined the Ukrainian Galician Army and formed an all-Jewish Ukrainian battalion called Zhydivs'kyy Kurin (UHA). (wikipedia.org)
  • The West Ukrainian government respected Jewish neutrality during the Polish-Ukrainian conflict by an order of Yevhen Petrushevych forbidding to mobilize Jews against their will, or to otherwise force them to contribute to the Ukrainian military effort. (wikipedia.org)
  • British Jews (often referred to collectively as Anglo-Jewry) are British citizens who are ethnically and/or religiously Jewish. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1656 Oliver Cromwell made it clear that the ban on Jewish settlement in England and Wales would no longer be enforced, although when Rabbi Manasseh Ben Israel brought a petition to allow Jews to return, the majority of the Protectorate Government turned it down. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the subject of who is a Jew is complex, and the religion question did not record people who may be Jewish through other means, such as ethnically and culturally. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Board of Deputies had encouraged all Jews to indicate they were Jewish, either through the religion question or the ethnicity one. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1990 to 2006, the Jewish population showed a decrease from 340,000 Jews to 270,000. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 2005 to 2008, the Jewish population increased from 275,000 to 280,000, attributed largely to the high birth rates of Haredi (or ultra-Orthodox) Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substantial communities outside the London area include Greater Manchester, home to some 30,000 Jews, and Leeds, although the Leeds Jewish community became smaller in the late 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Barnet and Hertsmere councils in the London borders polled as the first and second most Jewish local authorities in England, with Jews composing one in five and nine residents respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • The latter did not consider the Amazonian Jews to be Jewish, according to the halakha, because their mothers were not Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Fire Within: Jews in the Amazonian Rainforest (2008) is about the Peruvian-Jewish descendants in Iquitos, and their efforts to revive Judaism and emigrate to Israel in the late 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • One reason for this may be that Italy was the main centre of early Jewish printing, enabling Italian Jews to preserve their own traditions when most other communities had to opt for a standard "Sephardi" or "Ashkenazi" prayer-book. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since most of the Jewish community at the time lived under the Emirate of Bukhara, they came to be known as Bukharan Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among Bukharan Jews, there are two ancient theories of how Jewish people settled in Central Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning on the Passover holiday of 1992, the 4,000 remaining members of the Damascus Jewish community (Arabic Yehud ash-Sham), as well as the Aleppo community and the Jews of Qamishli, were permitted under the government of Hafez al-Assad to leave Syria provided they did not immigrate to Israel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kaifeng Jews are members of a small Jewish community in Kaifeng, in the Henan province of China who have assimilated into Chinese society while preserving some Jewish traditions and customs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Father Joseph Brucker, a Roman Catholic researcher of the early 20th century, notes that Ricci's account of Chinese Jews indicates that there were only in the range of ten or twelve Jewish families in Kaifeng in the late 16th to early 17th centuries, and that they had reportedly resided there for five or six hundred years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Australian Jews, or Jewish Australians, are Jews who are Australian citizens or permanent residents of Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most Australian Jews have a strong Jewish identity, even if this does not necessarily express itself in religious observance. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a recent survey, 58% of Melbourne Jews identified their Jewish identity as being 'very important,' against a mere 2% who feel that it is 'not important at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interestingly, many of the Jews who consider themselves 'Jewish but not religious' still send their children to orthodox Jewish day schools or are members of orthodox synagogues. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Jewish community of Bombay consisted of three distant groups, the Bene Israeli Jews, the Baghdadi Jews, and the Cochin Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bene Israeli Jewish community of Bombay, who migrated from the Konkan villages, south of Bombay, are believed to be the descendants of the Jews of Israel who were shipwrecked off the Konkan coast, probably in the year 175 BCE, during the reign of the Greek ruler, Antiochus IV Epiphanes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Joshua Harmon on How His Family Helped Him Develop 'Bad Jews', a 'Very Strange Little Jewish Play'" broadway.com, October 1, 2013 Isherwood, Charles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Religious Jews are Jews who practice or observe Jewish rituals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israeli Jews (Hebrew: יהודים ישראלים‬, Yehudim Yisraelim), also known as Jewish Israelis, refers to Israeli citizens of the Jewish ethnicity or faith, and also the descendants of Israeli-Jewish emigrants outside of Israel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israeli Jews are found mostly in Israel and the Western world, as well as other countries worldwide, not necessarily only in Jewish communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israeli Jews mostly speak Hebrew and most follow at least some religious Jewish practices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israel, the Jewish state, currently has almost half the world's Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jews living in the region prior to the establishment of the State of Israel were commonly referred to in English as "Palestinian Jews" and in Hebrew as HaYishuv HaYehudi Be'Eretz Yisra'el (The Jewish Community in the Land of Israel). (wikipedia.org)
  • Following centuries of Jewish diaspora, the 19th century saw the rise of Zionism, a Jewish Nationalist Movement that had a desire to see the self-determination of the Jewish people through a creation of a homeland for the Jews in Palestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Palestinian Jew is the term used to refer to a Jewish inhabitant of Palestine (known in Hebrew as Eretz Israel, the "Land of Israel") prior to the establishment of the modern state of Israel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Jewish population consisted of Ashkenazim (Judeo-German speakers) and Sephardim, the latter of which could be further subdivided as Sephardim proper (Judeo-Spanish speakers) and Maghrebim (North African Arabic speakers) or Mizrahim (Middle Eastern Jews, comparable to the Arabic term "Mashriqiyyun", or Easterners). (wikipedia.org)
  • Hebrew
  • It should set up Hebrew schools and help France's Jews find suitable employment in the Israeli job market. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Persian Jews or Iranian Jews (Persian: یهودیان ایرانی‎, Hebrew: יהודים פרסים‬) are Jews historically associated with the Persian Empire, whose successor state is Iran. (wikipedia.org)
  • Italian Jews (Italian: Ebrei italiani, Hebrew: יהודים איטלקים‎ Yehudim Italkim) can be used in a broad sense to mean all Jews living or with roots in Italy, or, in a narrower sense, to mean the Italkim, an ancient community who use the Italian liturgy as distinct from the communities dating from medieval or modern times who use the Sephardic liturgy or the Nusach Ashkenaz. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tajik and Bukhori Cyrillic: яҳудиёни бухороӣ[citation needed] Yahudiyoni bukhoroī (Bukharan Jews) or яҳудиёни Бухоро[citation needed] Yahudiyoni Bukhoro (Jews of Bukhara), Bukhori Hebrew Script: יהודיי בוכאראי and יהודי בוכארי‬), are Jews from Central Asia who historically spoke Bukhori, a dialect of the Tajik-Persian language. (wikipedia.org)
  • The appellative Bukharian was adopted by Bukharan Jews who moved to English-speaking countries, in an anglicisation of the Hebrew Bukhari. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bukharan Jews used the Persian language to communicate among themselves and later developed Bukhori, a distinct dialect of the Tajiki-Persian language with certain linguistic traces of Hebrew. (wikipedia.org)
  • Syrian Jews (Hebrew: יהודי סוריה‎ Yehudey Surya, Arabic: الْيَهُود السُّورِيُّون‎ al-Yahūd as-Sūriyyūn, colloquially called SYs /ˈɛswaɪz/ in the United States) are Jews who lived in the region of the modern state of Syria, and their descendants born outside Syria. (wikipedia.org)
  • they obtained some from Ningxia and Ningbo to replace them, and another Hebrew Torah scroll was bought from a Muslim in Ning-keang-chow in Shen-se (Shanxi), who acquired it from a dying Jew at Canton. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, during the Greek and Roman period, the primary language of Palestinian Jews was Aramaic, a Semitic language closely related to Hebrew. (wikipedia.org)
  • 19th century
  • In the middle of the 19th century, there were about 9,000 Jews in the province of Livonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Courland there were 22,734 Jews in the middle of the 19th century, while according to the Russian Imperial Census of 1897, some 51,072 Jews (7.6% of the population) lived there. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the birth of modern Zionism in the 1880s, by the early 19th century, more than 10,000 Jews were still living in the area that is today modern Israel. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late 19th century large numbers of Jews began moving to the Ottoman and later British-controlled region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Haredi Jews
  • and the high non-response rate for large numbers of Haredi Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • The actual number may be higher, because an answer to the question on the census was optional and because Haredi Jews or many non-practicing Jews are believed to prefer not to disclose religion in the census. (wikipedia.org)
  • Galician Jews
  • Galician Jews or Galitzianers are a subdivision of the Ashkenazim geographically originating from Galicia, from western Ukraine (current Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, and Ternopil regions) and from the south-eastern corner of Poland (Podkarpackie and Lesser Poland voivodeships). (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, as noted by Robert Blobaum from West Virginia University, many more pogroms and assaults against Galician Jews were perpetrated by the Ukrainian side in rural areas and other towns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, a demarcation line separated the Austrian and Moravian Jews from the Galician Jews who emigrated to the northeastern territories. (wikipedia.org)
  • descendants
  • Indeed, in Expositio in Matthaeum Evangelistam, Christian of Stavelot refers to the Khazars as Hunnic descendants of Gog and Magog, as well as having been "enclosed" by Alexander, but having since escaped, demonstrating that the Khazars were indeed conflated with two of the three elements making up the legend of the Red Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Longing: The Forgotten Jews of South America, (2006), a documentary written by Gabriela Bohm that is focused on descendants of crypto-Jews in South America, particularly Ecuador and Colombia, some of whom pursue conversion to be accepted as Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is thought that some families (for example the Adolescenti) are descendants of Jews deported from Judaea by the emperor Titus in 70 CE. (wikipedia.org)
  • synagogue
  • The small synagogue has taken steps to encourage Jews to move to Louisville, Ky. (usatoday.com)
  • During the Second Aliyah (between 1904 and 1914) many Italian Jews moved to Israel, and there is an Italian synagogue and cultural centre in Jerusalem. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is surmised that a small community of Jews, most likely from Persia or India, arrived either overland or by a sea route, and settled in the city, building a synagogue in 1163. (wikipedia.org)
  • When Ricci wrote to the "ruler of the synagogue" in Kaifeng, telling him that the Messiah the Jews were waiting for had come already, the "Archsynagogus" wrote back, saying that the Messiah would not come for another ten thousand years. (wikipedia.org)
  • 10,000
  • Under the Empire's rule in the mid-16th century, there were no more than 10,000 Jews in Palestine, making up around 5% of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • French Jews
  • In my view, it is time for the Israeli Foreign Office to assist French Jews in leaving France before it is too late. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • French Jews, and the whole of the European Jewry, have been experiencing various levels of hostilities on a daily basis for a long time now. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Their liturgy is similar to that of the Ashkenazim, but contains some distinctive usages descended from the French Jews of the time of Rashi, particularly in the services for the High Holy Days. (wikipedia.org)
  • Silver Jews
  • There aren't many artists whose every -release could be considered their best yet, but every Silver Jews disc seems better than the one before. (nowtoronto.com)
  • Silver Jews play Lee's Palace September 2. (nowtoronto.com)
  • Silver Jews were an indie rock band from New York City, formed in 1989 by David Berman along with Pavement's Stephen Malkmus and Bob Nastanovich. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though often labeled as a Pavement side project, Silver Jews were actually formed at roughly the same time as Pavement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though Berman had pointedly avoided playing live throughout much of the band's existence, the Silver Jews surprised fans by embarking on their first-ever tour following the release of Tanglewood Numbers in 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • On January 22, 2009, Berman announced via the official Drag City messageboard that he planned to retire from music and that the Silver Jews would play their final show on Bluegrass Underground at Cumberland Caverns in McMinnville, Tennessee at 3 pm on January 31, 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • Berman stated that he would play his 15 favorite Silver Jews songs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The last song that the Silver Jews performed live was "Smith and Jones Forever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persian Jews
  • Today, the vast majority of Persian Jews live in Israel and the United States, especially in Los Angeles, Beverly Hills and on the North Shore of Long Island. (wikipedia.org)
  • European Jews
  • Though the finding may seem intuitive, it contradicts the notion that European Jews mostly descend from people who left Israel and the Middle East around 2,000 years ago. (livescience.com)
  • The Temple's German-born rabbi played an integral role in promoting the movement and, in 1938, when visiting Sydney, he established Temple Emanuel, which also attracted many German and other Central European Jews, who arrived in Sydney prior to the outbreak of the war. (wikipedia.org)
  • European Jews were commonly considered an "Oriental" people in many of their host countries, usually as reference to their ancestral origins in the Middle East. (wikipedia.org)
  • A prominent example of this is Immanuel Kant, an (18th-century Prussian philosopher) who referred to European Jews as "Palestinians living among us. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sephardic
  • The historical forms of Spanish or Portuguese that differing Sephardic communities spoke communally was determined by the date of their departure from Iberia, and their condition of departure as Jews or New Christians . (wikipedia.org)
  • Their presence in Syria predates the arrival of Sephardic Jews following the reconquista. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persia
  • The Biblical Book of Esther contains references to the experiences of the Jews in Persia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The biblical books of Isaiah, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, Chronicles, and Esther contain references to the life and experiences of Jews in Persia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jews in ancient Persia mostly lived in their own communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • offensive
  • The Center for Information and Documentation on Israel, or CIDI, called the text "offensive to Jews. (aish.com)
  • and Johūd (جهود), a term having negative connotations and considered by many Jews as offensive. (wikipedia.org)
  • secular
  • The survey estimated there are 6.4 million self-identified Jews - religious or secular, including children - a figure close to a 6.8 million estimate released recently by Brandeis University in Waltham, Mass. (usatoday.com)
  • Jerusalem
  • According to some ancient texts, there were Israelites that began traveling to Central Asia to work as traders during the reign of King David of Jerusalem as far back as the 10th century B.C.E. When Persian King Cyrus conquered Babylon, he encouraged the Jews he liberated to settle in his empire, which included areas of Central Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sephardim
  • In matters of religious law, Italian-rite Jews generally follow the same rules as the Sephardim, in that they accept the authority of Isaac Alfasi and the Shulchan Aruch as opposed to the Ashkenazi customs codified by Moses Isserles (the Rema). (wikipedia.org)
  • Jews from this ancient community were known as Musta'arabim ("Arabizers") to themselves, or Moriscos to the Sephardim. (wikipedia.org)
  • Communities
  • This language provided easier communication with their neighboring communities and was used for all cultural and educational life among the Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • There were large communities in Aleppo ("Halabi Jews", Aleppo is Halab in Arabic) and Damascus ("Shami Jews") for centuries, and a smaller community in Qamishli on the Turkish border near Nusaybin. (wikipedia.org)
  • pogroms
  • The borders between Poland and the Soviet Russia remained in force until the invasion of Poland in September 1939, although serious abuses against the Jews, including pogroms, continued in the Soviet Ukraine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the pogroms of Daud Pasha of Baghdad, many Baghdadi Jews fled Iraq, and settled in Bombay. (wikipedia.org)
  • Roman Empire
  • A notable early event in the history of the Jews in the Roman Empire was Pompey's conquest of the East beginning in 63 BCE although Alexandrian Jews had migrated to Rome before this event. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Roman Empire period presence of Jews in Croatia dates to the 2nd century, in Pannonia to the 3rd to 4th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • approximately
  • In 1910, the 872,000 Jews living in Galicia comprised 10.9% of the total population, compared to approximately 45.4% Poles, 42.9% Ukrainians, and 0.8% Germans. (wikipedia.org)
  • centuries
  • More than five centuries after Portugal's Jews were compelled to convert to Catholicism, the Torah has finally returned to Trancoso. (aish.com)
  • In the 18th and 19th centuries, some Jews from Italy and elsewhere, known as Señores Francos, settled in Syria for trading reasons, while retaining their European nationalities. (wikipedia.org)
  • often referred
  • In the narrative works of Arabs in Palestine in the late Ottoman period, as evidenced in the autobiographies and diaries of Khalil al-Sakakini and Wasif Jawhariyyeh, "native" Jews were often referred to and described as abnaa al-balad (sons of the country), 'compatriots', or Yahud awlad Arab (Jews, sons of Arabs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Palestine
  • Significant numbers of Jews immigrated to Palestine since the 1880s. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1917, the British endorsed a National Home for Jews in Mandate Palestine by passing the Balfour Declaration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Christians
  • By then, finding the Lost Tribes had become critically important to both Orthodox Jews and fundamentalist Christians. (sfgate.com)
  • 18th century
  • The nucleus of Latvian Jewry was formed by the Jews of Livonia (Livland) and Courland , the two principalities on the coast of the Baltic Sea which were incorporated within the Russian Empire during the 18th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its origin lies in the immigration pattern of Jews into the country during the 18th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jews started settling in Bombay in the 18th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • mostly
  • At its peak in the 1940s, the community in former Burma numbered some 4,000 Jews, mostly of Iranian, Iraqi, and Indian origin. (ynetnews.com)
  • Today the term Iranian Jews is mostly used to refer to Jews from the country of Iran. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2011, there had been about 50 Jews still living within Syria, mostly in Damascus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Jews are colored people (mostly Black people) who are Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ezra
  • It cites the names of 70 Jews with Chinese surnames, describes their audience with an unnamed Song Dynasty emperor, and lists the transmission of their religion from Abraham down to Ezra the scribe. (wikipedia.org)
  • emigration
  • While refugees from the 1648 Khmelnytsky Uprising were the first Jews to settle in these regions, the vast emigration from the adjacent Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria following its annexation by Empress Maria Theresa in 1772 shaped the character of the Unterlander, in addition to the area's backwardness. (wikipedia.org)
  • History
  • The history of the Jews in Japan is well documented in modern times with various traditions relating to much earlier eras. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before history repeats itself, France's Jews must leave their country. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The history of immigrant Jews in Iran goes back more than 3,000 years, during which time they were part of a multiconfessional society which included adherents of several other religions. (wikipedia.org)
  • History of the Jews in Slovakia History of the Jews in Hungary Yekke Menahem Keren-Kratz. (wikipedia.org)
  • documentary
  • Punk Jews is a 2012 American documentary film directed by Jesse Zook Mann and produced by Saul Sudin (husband of Elke Reva Sudin, who appears in the film), Evan Kleinman, and Alexander Emanuele. (wikipedia.org)
  • largely
  • That supported a story wherein Jews came from Israel and largely eschewed intermarriage when they settled in Europe. (livescience.com)
  • known
  • Jews originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant known as the Land of Israel . (wikipedia.org)
  • In mid-nineteenth century Ireland, then ruled by the British, Daniel O'Connell, known as "The Liberator" for his work on Catholic Emancipation, worked successfully for the repeal of the "De Judaismo" law, which prescribed a special yellow badge for Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • mainly
  • Many families left Syria for Egypt (and a few for Lebanon) in the following decades, and with increasing frequency until the First World War, many Jews left the Middle East for western countries, mainly Great Britain, the United States, Mexico and Argentina. (wikipedia.org)
  • immigration
  • The situation in Europe has been escalating for years, but now it is becoming crystal clear: in view of the wave of radical Islamic terrorism and the recent waves of Muslim immigration to Europe, the Jews have no future there. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • traditions
  • Andrew Gow studied the original German language texts and concluded that the legend of the Red Jews was a conflation of three separate traditions: the Biblical prophetic references to Gog and Magog, the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, and an episode from the Alexander Romance, in which Alexander the Great encloses a race of heathens behind a great wall in Caucasus. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • As underscored in a major new survey, they are among those navigating a period of historic flux in how American Jews view themselves, their religion, their culture and how they affiliate with each other. (usatoday.com)
  • Among dusty alleyways, clay houses, kebab restaurants, and carpeted teahouses, Tzur Sheizaf went to meet the last Jew in Afghanistan. (ynetnews.com)
  • A Vermont minister, Ethan Smith , maintained that since no actual Jews lived among the Indians, they must have at some point reverted to savagery. (sfgate.com)
  • Another possibility is that Jews actively converted both men and women among local populations at this time, although researchers would need more detailed study of paternal lineages to test that hypothesis, Richards said. (livescience.com)
  • Kevin Alan Brook, among others, speculated, but could not conclusively prove, that the legend of the Red Jews was actually based on misremembered accounts of the Khazars. (wikipedia.org)
  • diaspora
  • The Carpathian Diaspora: The Jews of Subcarpathian Rus' and Mukachevo, 1848-1948. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jews have long considered The Land of Israel to be their homeland, even while living in the diaspora. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israel
  • The modern State of Israel is the only country where Jews form a majority of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • An anti-Israel group is advancing a conspiracy theory that Jews control the Internet. (aish.com)
  • After completing their conversions, a few hundred Amazonian Jews from the Iquitos area made aliyah to Israel in the early 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • One theory is that Bukharan Jews may be descended from the Tribe of Napthali and the Tribe of Issachar of the Lost Tribes of Israel who may have been exiled during the Assyrian captivity of Israel in the 7th century BCE. (wikipedia.org)
  • province
  • Galil Takhton, "Lower Province") were the Jews who resided in the northeastern regions of the historical Kingdom of Hungary, or present-day eastern Slovakia, Zakarpattia Oblast in Ukraine and Northern Transylvania. (wikipedia.org)
  • Galicia proper, which was inhabited by Ukrainians, Poles and Jews, was a royal province within the Austro-Hungarian empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Galil E'lion, "Upper Province") were the Jews who inhabited the northwestern regions of the historical Kingdom of Hungary, which are contemporary western Slovakia and Burgenland. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iranian
  • In various scholarly and historical texts, the term is used to refer to Jews who speak various Iranian languages. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the overthrow of Babylonia by the Persian (Iranian) Achaemenid Empire, Cyrus the Great is said by the Bible to have allowed the Jews to return to their native land (537 BCE). (wikipedia.org)
  • Orthodox
  • Rapper Yitz Jordan ("Y-Love") and blogger Shais Rishon ("Ma Nishtana"), addressing the prejudice experienced by African-American Jews in the Orthodox community. (wikipedia.org)
  • While sometimes applied to all western Jews, like those in Budapest and beyond, it came to denote the Orthodox ones who resided in contemporary Slovakia west of the boundary detailed above and in contemporary Burgenland. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Melbourne, 6% of Jews identify themselves as 'strictly orthodox,' 33% as 'traditionally religious' and 15% as 'Liberal or Reform. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ukrainian
  • Between 22 and 26 March 1919, during massacres in Zhytomyr (Jitomir), 500-700 Jews lost their lives at the hands of the armed men from the Ukrainian republican army led by Simon Petliura. (wikipedia.org)