• Jewish
  • 7. Australian Islamic Library www.australianislamiclibrary.org Dawah for Jews 7 This book is written with a hope that it would become a source for our Jewish brothers and sisters to come closer to God by following His right path and path of those that He blessed. (slideshare.net)
  • Socio-economic factors contributed to the hostility of the Christian merchants and craftsmen toward their Jewish rivals, the hatred of Christian debtors for the Jewish money-lenders, and, on the other hand, the occasional feeling that there was no need for the Jews as moneylenders for interest and that they did not fulfill any other economic-social function. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • And on the list of things that make someone Jewish, far more Jews chose things such as remembering the Holocaust, being moral and ethical, working for justice and even having a good sense of humor than such traditional markers as belonging to the Jewish community or observing religious law. (usatoday.com)
  • Most Jewish population centers of this period were however still in the East ( Iudaea and Syria ) and in Egypt ( Alexandria was by far the most important of the Jewish communities, the Jews in Philo 's time were inhabiting two of the five sections of the city). (wikipedia.org)
  • On average, all Ashkenazi Jews are genetically as closely related to each other as fourth or fifth cousins, said Dr. Harry Ostrer, a pathology, pediatrics and genetics professor at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York and the author of 'Legacy: A Genetic History of the Jewish People' (Oxford University Press, 2012). (livescience.com)
  • Based on accounts such as those of Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, by the time of the destruction of the Second Temple in A.D. 70, as many as 6 million Jews were living in the Roman Empire , but outside Israel, mainly in Italy and Southern Europe. (livescience.com)
  • California Jews offers a window into one of the most intriguing communities in American Jewish history. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The book covers Jews in the Gold Rush, behind-the-scenes Jewish influence on Hollywood during the 1930s, and the success of Jewish women in politics, among other issues that add considerably to our understanding of the complex history of ethnic California. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Her publications include Jews of the Pacific Coast: Reinventing Community on America's Edge and Jewish Voices of the California Gold Rush: A Documentary History 1849-1880 . (dartmouth.edu)
  • Though few sources mention the exilic periods in detail, the experience of diaspora life, from the Ancient Egyptian rule over the Levant, to Assyrian Captivity and Exile, to Babylonian Captivity and Exile, to Seleucid Imperial rule, to the Roman occupation and Exile, and the historical relations between Jews and their homeland thereafter, became a major feature of Jewish history, identity and memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the latest Iranian census, the remaining Jewish population of Iran was 8,756 in 2012, while the number of crypto-Jews is unknown. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persian Jews lived in the ancient (and until the mid-20th century still extant) communities not only of Iran, but also the Armenian, Georgian, Iraqi, Bukharan, and Mountain Jewish communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the communities have been isolated from other Jewish communities, to the extent that their classification as "Persian Jews" is a matter of linguistic or geographical convenience rather than actual historical relationship with one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • But the Library of Congress's country study on Iran states that "Over the centuries the Jews of Iran became physically, culturally, and linguistically indistinguishable from the non-Jewish population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Red Jews were a legendary Jewish nation that appear in vernacular sources in Germany during the medieval era, from the 5th to the 15th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anti-Turkism Antisemitism Brutakhi History of the Jews in Germany Jewish Bolshevism Khazars Prester John The Wandering Jew Jewish Cossacks Anderson, Andrew Runni. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like their kindred Oberlander Jews, the term is uniquely Jewish one, and is not related to "Lower Hungary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Punk Jews premiered at the Manhattan Jewish Community Center on December 11, 2012. (wikipedia.org)
  • 41 percent of workers in culture, theaters and cinema, over 65 percent of barbers, 43 percent of dentists, 45 percent of senior nurses in Galicia were Jewish,[citation needed] and 2,200 Jews were lawyers. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the conflict, 1,200 Jews joined the Ukrainian Galician Army and formed an all-Jewish Ukrainian battalion called Zhydivs'kyy Kurin (UHA). (wikipedia.org)
  • The West Ukrainian government respected Jewish neutrality during the Polish-Ukrainian conflict by an order of Yevhen Petrushevych forbidding to mobilize Jews against their will, or to otherwise force them to contribute to the Ukrainian military effort. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yemenite Jews have a unique religious tradition that marks them out as separate from Ashkenazi, Sephardi, and other Jewish groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to local Jewish tradition, some 19,000 Jews departed Jerusalem (used here as a generic term for the Land of Israel) and passed through Syria, Babylonia, and Persia and then, heading north, entered into Media. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Chechnya, Mountain Jews partially assimilated into Chechen society by forming a Jewish teip, the Zhugtii while three other teips, the Shuonoi, Ziloi and Chartoi have also been theorized to have Jewish relations. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2002 study by geneticist Dror Rosengarten found that the paternal haplotypes of Mountain Jews "were shared with other Jewish communities and were consistent with a Mediterranean origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, Y-DNA testing of Mountain Jews has shown they have Y-DNA haplotypes related to those of other Jewish communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • At its peak in the 1940s, Morocco's Jewish population exceeded 250,000, but due to the migration of Moroccan Jews to Israel and other nations, including Operation Yachin from 1961 to 1964, this number has been reduced to approximately 5,000. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of Moroccan Jews now live in Israel, where they constitute the second-largest Jewish community, approximatively half a million. (wikipedia.org)
  • With every Arab-Israeli war, tensions between Arabs and Jews would rise, sparking more Jewish emigration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The current Jewish community in the United States consists primarily of Ashkenazi Jews, who comprise about 90% of the American Jewish population. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the colonial era, prior to the mass immigration of Ashkenazim, Spanish and Portuguese Jews represented the bulk of America's then small Jewish population, and while their descendants are a minority today, they along with an array of other Jewish communities represented the remainder of American Jews, including other more recent Sephardic Jews, Mizrahi Jews, various other ethnically Jewish communities, as well as a smaller number of converts to Judaism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Large-scale Jewish immigration commenced in the 19th century, when, by mid-century, many Ashkenazi Jews had arrived from Germany, migrating to the United States in large numbers due to antisemitic laws and restrictions in their countries of birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • There were approximately 250,000 Jews in the United States by 1880, many of them being the educated, and largely secular, German Jews, although a minority population of the older Sephardic Jewish families remained influential. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the same period, great numbers of Ashkenazi Jews also arrived from Galicia, at that time the most impoverished region of the Austro-Hungarian empire with a heavy Jewish urban population, driven out mainly by economic reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the beginning of the 20th century, these newly arrived Jews built support networks consisting of many small synagogues and Ashkenazi Jewish Landsmannschaften (German for "Countryman Associations") for Jews from the same town or village. (wikipedia.org)
  • American Jewish writers of the time urged assimilation and integration into the wider American culture, and Jews quickly became part of American life. (wikipedia.org)
  • 500,000 American Jews (or half of all Jewish males between 18 and 50) fought in World War II, and after the war younger families joined the new trend of suburbanization. (wikipedia.org)
  • British Jews (often referred to collectively as Anglo-Jewry) are British citizens who are ethnically and/or religiously Jewish. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1656 Oliver Cromwell made it clear that the ban on Jewish settlement in England and Wales would no longer be enforced, although when Rabbi Manasseh Ben Israel brought a petition to allow Jews to return, the majority of the Protectorate Government turned it down. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the subject of who is a Jew is complex, and the religion question did not record people who may be Jewish through other means, such as ethnically and culturally. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Board of Deputies had encouraged all Jews to indicate they were Jewish, either through the religion question or the ethnicity one. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1990 to 2006, the Jewish population showed a decrease from 340,000 Jews to 270,000. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 2005 to 2008, the Jewish population increased from 275,000 to 280,000, attributed largely to the high birth rates of Haredi (or ultra-Orthodox) Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substantial communities outside the London area include Greater Manchester, home to some 30,000 Jews, and Leeds, although the Leeds Jewish community became smaller in the late 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Barnet and Hertsmere councils in the London borders polled as the first and second most Jewish local authorities in England, with Jews composing one in five and nine residents respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • The latter did not consider the Amazonian Jews to be Jewish, according to the halakha, because their mothers were not Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Fire Within: Jews in the Amazonian Rainforest (2008) is about the Peruvian-Jewish descendants in Iquitos, and their efforts to revive Judaism and emigrate to Israel in the late 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • One reason for this may be that Italy was the main centre of early Jewish printing, enabling Italian Jews to preserve their own traditions when most other communities had to opt for a standard "Sephardi" or "Ashkenazi" prayer-book. (wikipedia.org)
  • They usually follow Sephardi Jewish liturgy, making them one of the largest groups among Mizrahi Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • André Azoulay, Jewish adviser to the Moroccan king, also defines himself as an Arab Jew, as does David Shasha, Director of the Center for Sephardic Heritage, Jordan Elgrably, director of the Levantine Cultural Center, and Ammiel Alcalay, a professor at Queens College in New York who began emphasizing the importance of his identity as an Arab Jew in the 1990s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many Jews disagree with this, do not use the term and, where it appears to them to be calculated to deny the existence of a distinct Jewish identity in favour of reducing the Jewish diaspora to a religious entity, even consider it offensive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ella Shohat argues Zionist historiography could not accept a hyphenated Arab-Jewish identity and embarked on a program to remove the Arabness and Orientalness of the Jews from the Arab world after they arrived in Israel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since most of the Jewish community at the time lived under the Emirate of Bukhara, they came to be known as Bukharan Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among Bukharan Jews, there are two ancient theories of how Jewish people settled in Central Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning on the Passover holiday of 1992, the 4,000 remaining members of the Damascus Jewish community (Arabic Yehud ash-Sham), as well as the Aleppo community and the Jews of Qamishli, were permitted under the government of Hafez al-Assad to leave Syria provided they did not immigrate to Israel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Knanaya sub-group of the Nasrani Christians claim a Jewish heritage and are known for having similar customs and rituals as the Cochin Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the migration of the Ashkenazi and the Sephardi Jews into the Balkans and Eastern Europe, the Jewish culture in these areas consisted primarily of Romaniote Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Romaniote Rites represent those of the Greek-speaking Jews of the Byzantine (or former Byzantine) empire, ranging from southern Italy (in a narrower sense the Apulian, the Calabrian and the Sicilian Jewish communities) in the west, to much of Turkey in the East, Crete to the south, Crimea (the Krymchaks) to the north and the Jews of the early medieval Balkans and Eastern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hebrew
  • The Hebrew word for Jew, יְהוּדִי‬ ISO 259-3 Yehudi, is pronounced [jehuˈdi], with the stress on the final syllable, in Israeli Hebrew, in its basic form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persian Jews or Iranian Jews (Persian: یهودیان ایرانی‎, Hebrew: יהודים פרסים‬) are Jews historically associated with the Persian Empire, whose successor state is Iran. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mountain Jews or Caucasus Jews also known as Juhuro, Juvuro, Juhuri, Juwuri, Juhurim, Kavkazi Jews or Gorsky Jews (Azerbaijani: Dağ Yəhudiləri, Hebrew: יהודי קווקז‬ Yehudey Kavkaz or יהודי ההרים‬ Yehudey he-Harim, Russian: Горские евреи, translit. (wikipedia.org)
  • al-Yehud al-Magharibah Hebrew: יהודים מרוקאים‬ Yehudim Maroka'im) are the Jews who live or have lived in the area of North African country of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Italian Jews (Italian: Ebrei italiani, Hebrew: יהודים איטלקים‎ Yehudim Italkim) can be used in a broad sense to mean all Jews living or with roots in Italy, or, in a narrower sense, to mean the Italkim, an ancient community who use the Italian liturgy as distinct from the communities dating from medieval or modern times who use the Sephardic liturgy or the Nusach Ashkenaz. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hebrew: יהודים ערבים‎ Yehudim `Aravim) is a term referring to Jews living in the Arab World. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tajik and Bukhori Cyrillic: яҳудиёни бухороӣ[citation needed] Yahudiyoni bukhoroī (Bukharan Jews) or яҳудиёни Бухоро[citation needed] Yahudiyoni Bukhoro (Jews of Bukhara), Bukhori Hebrew Script: יהודיי בוכאראי and יהודי בוכארי‬), are Jews from Central Asia who historically spoke Bukhori, a dialect of the Tajik-Persian language. (wikipedia.org)
  • The appellative Bukharian was adopted by Bukharan Jews who moved to English-speaking countries, in an anglicisation of the Hebrew Bukhari. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bukharan Jews used the Persian language to communicate among themselves and later developed Bukhori, a distinct dialect of the Tajiki-Persian language with certain linguistic traces of Hebrew. (wikipedia.org)
  • Syrian Jews (Hebrew: יהודי סוריה‎ Yehudey Surya, Arabic: الْيَهُود السُّورِيُّون‎ al-Yahūd as-Sūriyyūn, colloquially called SYs /ˈɛswaɪz/ in the United States) are Jews who lived in the region of the modern state of Syria, and their descendants born outside Syria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sephardic
  • Yemenite Jews are generally described as belonging to "Mizrahi Jews", though they differ from the general trend of Mizrahi groups in Israel, which have undergone a process of total or partial assimilation to Sephardic culture and Sephardic liturgy. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the Shami sub-group of Yemenite Jews did adopt a Sephardic-influenced rite, this was in no small part due to it essentially being forced upon them, and did not reflect a demographic or cultural shift). (wikipedia.org)
  • This second immigration wave deeply modified Moroccan jewry, who largely embraced the Andalusian Sephardic liturgy, making the Moroccan Jews switch to a mostly Sephardic identity. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the traditional Moroccan Bakashot, classical music sung by Sephardic Jews in the winter months across countries in the Middle East on Friday night, has come to life in recent productions by Magen David Congregation and Abir Ya'akob Congregation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite some being denied the ability to vote or hold office in local jurisdictions, Sephardic Jews became active in community affairs in the 1790s, after achieving political equality in the five states where they were most numerous. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Salim Tamari, the term Arab Jew generally referred to a period of history when some Eastern Jews (Sephardic and Mizrahi) identified with the Arab national movement that emerged in the lead up to the dismantlement of the Ottoman empire, as early as the Ottoman administrative reforms of 1839, owing to shared language and culture with their Muslim and Christian compatriots in Greater Syria, Iraq, and Egypt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their presence in Syria predates the arrival of Sephardic Jews following the reconquista. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alhambra Decree
  • They were later met by a second wave of migration from the Iberian peninsula in the period immediately preceding and following the 1492 Alhambra Decree, when the Jews were expelled from kingdoms of Spain, and soon afterwards, from Portugal as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1492
  • 1492-97 (where the number of victims has been assessed by historians from 100,000 to several hundreds of thousands), removed the Jews from the Iberian peninsula almost until the present day and brought about a series of expulsions of Jews from lands within the sphere of influence of these countries. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • 19th
  • Over 2,000,000 Jews landed between the late 19th century and 1924, when the Immigration Act of 1924 restricted immigration. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 18th and 19th centuries, some Jews from Italy and elsewhere, known as Señores Francos, settled in Syria for trading reasons, while retaining their European nationalities. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late 19th century, a few Arabic-speaking Jews, who became known as Baghdadi, also immigrated to southern India, and joined the Paradesi community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ashkenazim
  • Galician Jews or Galitzianers are a subdivision of the Ashkenazim geographically originating from Galicia, from western Ukraine (current Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, and Ternopil regions) and from the south-eastern corner of Poland (Podkarpackie and Lesser Poland voivodeships). (wikipedia.org)
  • Their liturgy is similar to that of the Ashkenazim, but contains some distinctive usages descended from the French Jews of the time of Rashi, particularly in the services for the High Holy Days. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Romaniotes are Greek Jews, distinct from both Ashkenazim and Sephardim, who trace back their history to the times of the Greek-speaking Byzantine Jews and can be subdivided in a wider sense in a Rabbanite community and in the Greco-Karaite community of the Constantinopolitan Karaites which still survives to this day. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yiddish
  • Most of these new immigrants were Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazi Jews, though most came from the poor rural populations of the Russian Empire and the Pale of Settlement, located in modern-day Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova. (wikipedia.org)
  • offensive
  • The Center for Information and Documentation on Israel, or CIDI, called the text "offensive to Jews. (aish.com)
  • According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, fourth edition (2000): It is widely recognized that the attributive use of the noun Jew, in phrases such as Jew lawyer or Jew ethics, is both vulgar and highly offensive. (wikipedia.org)
  • and Johūd (جهود), a term having negative connotations and considered by many Jews as offensive. (wikipedia.org)
  • descendants
  • Indeed, in Expositio in Matthaeum Evangelistam, Christian of Stavelot refers to the Khazars as Hunnic descendants of Gog and Magog, as well as having been "enclosed" by Alexander, but having since escaped, demonstrating that the Khazars were indeed conflated with two of the three elements making up the legend of the Red Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Longing: The Forgotten Jews of South America, (2006), a documentary written by Gabriela Bohm that is focused on descendants of crypto-Jews in South America, particularly Ecuador and Colombia, some of whom pursue conversion to be accepted as Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is thought that some families (for example the Adolescenti) are descendants of Jews deported from Judaea by the emperor Titus in 70 CE. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jerusalem
  • Another legend states that when Ezra commanded the Jews to return to Jerusalem they disobeyed, whereupon he pronounced a ban upon them. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main Mountain Jew settlement in Azerbaijan is Qırmızı Qəsəbə, also called Jerusalem of the Caucasus. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to some ancient texts, there were Israelites that began traveling to Central Asia to work as traders during the reign of King David of Jerusalem as far back as the 10th century B.C.E. When Persian King Cyrus conquered Babylon, he encouraged the Jews he liberated to settle in his empire, which included areas of Central Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Romaniote oral tradition tells that the first Jews arrived in Ioannina shortly after the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poland
  • Little is known about the history of Ashkenazi Jews before they were expelled from the Mediterranean and settled in what is now Poland around the 12th century. (livescience.com)
  • The borders between Poland and the Soviet Russia remained in force until the invasion of Poland in September 1939, although serious abuses against the Jews, including pogroms, continued in the Soviet Ukraine. (wikipedia.org)
  • emigrate
  • The English Plantation Act 1740 for the first time permitted Jews to become British citizens and emigrate to the colonies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ezra
  • The biblical books of Isaiah, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, Chronicles, and Esther contain references to the life and experiences of Jews in Persia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Yemenite Jews claim that Ezra cursed them to be a poor people for not heeding his call. (wikipedia.org)
  • German Jews
  • Their customs resembled those of pre-emancipation German Jews, like donning prayer shawls before marriage and laying phylacteries in the weekdays of the Pilgrimage Festivals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Silver Jews
  • There aren't many artists whose every -release could be considered their best yet, but every Silver Jews disc seems better than the one before. (nowtoronto.com)
  • Silver Jews play Lee's Palace September 2. (nowtoronto.com)
  • Silver Jews were an indie rock band from New York City, formed in 1989 by David Berman along with Pavement's Stephen Malkmus and Bob Nastanovich. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though often labeled as a Pavement side project, Silver Jews were actually formed at roughly the same time as Pavement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though Berman had pointedly avoided playing live throughout much of the band's existence, the Silver Jews surprised fans by embarking on their first-ever tour following the release of Tanglewood Numbers in 2005. (wikipedia.org)
  • On January 22, 2009, Berman announced via the official Drag City messageboard that he planned to retire from music and that the Silver Jews would play their final show on Bluegrass Underground at Cumberland Caverns in McMinnville, Tennessee at 3 pm on January 31, 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • Berman stated that he would play his 15 favorite Silver Jews songs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The last song that the Silver Jews performed live was "Smith and Jones Forever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Italian Jews
  • Italian Jews can be traced back as far as the 2nd century BCE: tombstones and dedicatory inscriptions survive from this period. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medieval Italian Jews also produced important halachic works such as the Shibbole ha-Leḳeṭ of Zedekiah ben Abraham Anaw. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some 7000 Italian Jews were deported and murdered during the Holocaust. (wikipedia.org)
  • European Jews
  • Though the finding may seem intuitive, it contradicts the notion that European Jews mostly descend from people who left Israel and the Middle East around 2,000 years ago. (livescience.com)
  • The European Jews maintained some trade connections to Europe, and their language skills were useful. (wikipedia.org)
  • American Jews
  • New survey reveals flux in how American Jews view themselves, their religion, their culture. (usatoday.com)
  • As underscored in a major new survey, they are among those navigating a period of historic flux in how American Jews view themselves, their religion, their culture and how they affiliate with each other. (usatoday.com)
  • Rabbi Robert Slosberg of Congregation Adath Jeshurun said the survey reflects unprecedented opportunities in mainstream society for American Jews - in contrast to past cases of widespread prejudice. (usatoday.com)
  • Rapper Yitz Jordan ("Y-Love") and blogger Shais Rishon ("Ma Nishtana"), addressing the prejudice experienced by African-American Jews in the Orthodox community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hungarian Jews
  • Other Hungarian Jews derisively called them "Finaks" or "Fins", based on their pronunciation of the phrase 'Von [fin in Unterland accent] Wo bist du? (wikipedia.org)
  • secular
  • The survey estimated there are 6.4 million self-identified Jews - religious or secular, including children - a figure close to a 6.8 million estimate released recently by Brandeis University in Waltham, Mass. (usatoday.com)
  • In addition to issues with census methodology, disputes among proponents of halakhic, secular, political, and ancestral identification factors regarding who is a Jew may affect the figure considerably depending on the source. (wikipedia.org)
  • earliest
  • P. M. Jussay wrote that it was believed that the earliest Jews in India were sailors from King Solomon's time. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest reference to a Greek Jew is an inscription dated c. 300-250 BCE, found in Oropos, a small coastal town between Athens and Boeotia, which refers to "Moschos, son of Moschion the Jew", who may have been a slave. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persecution
  • After several waves of persecution throughout Yemen, most Yemenite Jews now live in Israel, while small communities are found in the United States and elsewhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ashkenazi
  • The origin of the Ashkenazi Jews, who come most recently from Europe, has largely been shrouded in mystery. (livescience.com)
  • Richards and his colleagues analyzed mitochondrial DNA, which is contained in the cytoplasm of the egg and passed down only from the mother, from more than 3,500 people throughout the Near East, the Caucusus and Europe, including Ashkenazi Jews. (livescience.com)
  • All told, more than 80 percent of the maternal lineages of Ashkenazi Jews could be traced to Europe, with only a few lineages originating in the Near East. (livescience.com)
  • The finding should thoroughly debunk one of the most questionable, but still tenacious, hypotheses: that most Ashkenazi Jews can trace their roots to the mysterious Khazar Kingdom that flourished during the ninth century in the region between the Byzantine Empire and the Persian Empire, Richards and Ostrer said. (livescience.com)
  • until after 1720 when Ashkenazi Jews from Central and Eastern Europe predominated. (wikipedia.org)
  • In matters of religious law, Italian-rite Jews generally follow the same rules as the Sephardim, in that they accept the authority of Isaac Alfasi and the Shulchan Aruch as opposed to the Ashkenazi customs codified by Moses Isserles (the Rema). (wikipedia.org)
  • Christians
  • By then, finding the Lost Tribes had become critically important to both Orthodox Jews and fundamentalist Christians. (sfgate.com)
  • It is possible that many of the Jews who became Christians at that time were absorbed by what became the Nasrani or Saint Thomas Christians. (wikipedia.org)
  • trace
  • According to Encyclopædia Britannica: "The Jews trace their heritage in Iran to the Babylonian Exile of the 6th century BC and, like the Armenians, have retained their ethnic, linguistic, and religious identity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Yemen, for example, some Jews trace their lineage to Judah, others to Benjamin, while yet others to Levi and Reuben. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arabic
  • Arabic: اليهود اليمنيون‎) are those Jews who live, or once lived, in Yemen. (wikipedia.org)
  • There were large communities in Aleppo ("Halabi Jews", Aleppo is Halab in Arabic) and Damascus ("Shami Jews") for centuries, and a smaller community in Qamishli on the Turkish border near Nusaybin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Roman
  • A notable early event in the history of the Jews in the Roman Empire was Pompey's conquest of the East beginning in 63 BCE although Alexandrian Jews had migrated to Rome before this event. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Roman Empire period presence of Jews in Croatia dates to the 2nd century, in Pannonia to the 3rd to 4th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the Roman Empire marched on, these Jews made the same Red Sea crossing as their predecessors. (jewsforjesus.org)
  • There have been Jews in Syria since ancient times: according to the community's tradition, since the time of King David, and certainly since early Roman times. (wikipedia.org)
  • emigration
  • While refugees from the 1648 Khmelnytsky Uprising were the first Jews to settle in these regions, the vast emigration from the adjacent Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria following its annexation by Empress Maria Theresa in 1772 shaped the character of the Unterlander, in addition to the area's backwardness. (wikipedia.org)
  • distinct
  • The Bukharan Jews are considered one of the oldest ethno-religious groups of Central Asia and over the years they have developed their own distinct culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • 30,000
  • b) of about 120,000 Poles in the interests of the Germans from Volhynia, there is now to be a final mass movement to shift all Jews from the new Ostgau ** (Eastland) and 30,000 Gypsies from the area of the Reich into the Government-General. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • 100,000
  • SS Gruppenfuehrer Heydrich observed in this connection that the building of the [defensive] ramparts and other plans in the East would probably occasion the concentration of several 100,000 Jews in forced-labor camps. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • ethnic
  • Jews originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant known as the Land of Israel. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the modern period, Jews were the third most numerous ethnic group in Galicia, after Poles and Ukrainians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jews living in Arab lands, being part of a greater distinctive ethnic and national group, are not considered as Arabs. (wikipedia.org)
  • aliyah
  • citation needed] After India gained its independence in 1947 and Israel was established as a nation, most of the Malabar Jews did Aliyah and emigrated from Kerala to Israel in the mid-1950s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mizrahi
  • However, some Mizrahi activists, particularly those not born in Arab countries or who emigrated from them at a very young age, define themselves as Arab Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Passover
  • Jews across the city have been spending the past few days purifying utensils in their homes for Passover, which starts on Wednesday. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Jews across the city have been spending the past few days purifying utensils in their homes for Passover, which starts on Wednesday, reports Naomi Canton. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Caucasus
  • Andrew Gow studied the original German language texts and concluded that the legend of the Red Jews was a conflation of three separate traditions: the Biblical prophetic references to Gog and Magog, the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, and an episode from the Alexander Romance, in which Alexander the Great encloses a race of heathens behind a great wall in Caucasus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Mountain Jews, or Jews of the Caucasus, have inhabited the Caucasus since the fifth century CE. (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • Some people, however, have become so wary of this construction that they have extended the stigma to any use of Jew as a noun, a practice that carries risks of its own. (wikipedia.org)
  • centuries
  • More than five centuries after Portugal's Jews were compelled to convert to Catholicism, the Torah has finally returned to Trancoso. (aish.com)
  • Intermarriage
  • That supported a story wherein Jews came from Israel and largely eschewed intermarriage when they settled in Europe. (livescience.com)
  • There, Jews became increasingly assimilated and demonstrated rising intermarriage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Germans
  • It is of prime importance to move out 40,000 Jews and Poles from the Warthegau into the Government-General to free space for Baltic Germans. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • In 1910, the 872,000 Jews living in Galicia comprised 10.9% of the total population, compared to approximately 45.4% Poles, 42.9% Ukrainians, and 0.8% Germans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Israel
  • An anti-Israel group is advancing a conspiracy theory that Jews control the Internet. (aish.com)
  • It is believed that some Jews who fled Israel fearing the Babylonians went to Egypt. (jewsforjesus.org)
  • Israel is the only country where Jews form a majority of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • One theory is that Bukharan Jews may be descended from the Tribe of Napthali and the Tribe of Issachar of the Lost Tribes of Israel who may have been exiled during the Assyrian captivity of Israel in the 7th century BCE. (wikipedia.org)
  • communities
  • Jews in ancient Persia mostly lived in their own communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • This language provided easier communication with their neighboring communities and was used for all cultural and educational life among the Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • 15th century
  • from the 15th century until 1772, when masses of Jews accrued to Russia from the annexed Polish-Lithuanian territories. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • The Jews of Southern Italy continued to be Greek-speakers until the 15th century (where they were living together with their Greek-speaking Christian counterparts). (wikipedia.org)