• Isoenzymes
  • A. Mika, F. Buck, and S. Lüthje, "Membrane-bound class III peroxidases: identification, biochemical properties and sequence analysis of isoenzymes purified from maize ( Zea mays L.) roots," Journal of Proteomics , vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 412-424, 2008. (hindawi.com)
  • H2O2
  • Haemoglobin-induced oxidative stress is associated with both endogenous peroxidase activity and H2O2 generation from polyunsaturated fatty acids," Free Radical Research , vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 303-316, 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • Iodide can function as an antioxidant reducing species that can destroy reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide: 2 I− + peroxidase + H2O2 + tyrosine, histidine, lipid, etc. → iodo-compounds + H2O + 2 e− (antioxidants). (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymes
  • Its antioxidant properties can be expressed quantitatively as a redox potential : I− ⇌ ​1⁄2 I2 + e− E° = −0.54 volts (versus SHE) Because iodide is easily oxidized, some enzymes readily convert it into electrophilic iodinating agents, as required for the biosynthesis of myriad iodide-containing natural products. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a component of the antioxidant enzymes glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase (which indirectly reduce certain oxidized molecules in animals and some plants). (wikipedia.org)
  • inorganic
  • The effect of iron to manganese substitution on microperoxidase 8 catalysed peroxidase and cytochrome P450 type of catalysis," Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry , vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 274-283, 1999. (hindawi.com)
  • 2008). "Iodide accumulation provides kelp with an inorganic antioxidant impacting atmospheric chemistry" (Free full text). (wikipedia.org)
  • thiocyanate
  • Administering thiocyanate or perchlorate can be diagnostic upon finding discharge of a large amount of labeled iodide from the thyroid. (wohproject.org)
  • Some anions like perchlorate, pertechnetate and thiocyanate, can affect iodide capture by competitive inhibition because they can use the symporter when their concentration in plasma is high, even though they have less affinity for NIS than iodide has. (wikipedia.org)
  • transports two sodium
  • It is a transmembrane glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 87 kDa and 13 transmembrane domains, which transports two sodium cations (Na+) for each iodide anion (I−) into the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydrogen peroxide
  • The Nernst equation shows that hydrogen peroxide can oxidize chloride (E°= 1.36 V), bromide (E°= 1.09 V) and iodide (E°= 0.536 V) from a thermodynamic perspective under natural conditions, i.e., a temperature range of about 0-30 °C and a pH ranging from about 3 (humic soil layer) to about 8 (sea water). (wikipedia.org)
  • TIOD
  • The aim of this study was to identify the genetic defect of a patient with dyshormonogenetic congenital hypothyroidisms (CH) with total iodide organification defect (TIOD). (unifesp.br)
  • concentration
  • 6. The enzymatic material of claim 5 wherein the concentration of peroxidatic peroxidase is from about 10 to about 500 International Units per gram of material. (google.com)
  • liver
  • Liver peroxidase was found to recover within 24 hours, while liver and kidney catalase depression was slower to recover. (inchem.org)
  • basal
  • Hyperthyroid subjects given iodide may experience a decrease in basal metabolic rate that is comparable to that seen after thyroidectomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore
  • The Wolff-Chaikoff effect is an effective means of rejecting a large quantity of imbibed iodide, and therefore preventing the thyroid from synthesizing large quantities of thyroid hormone. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • Thus, iodide levels must be regulated in order to keep thyroid hormones, and ultimately the organism's metabolic rate and overall health, in good status. (wikipedia.org)