• abdomen
  • People with high levels of intra-abdominal fat may not even know it, McTiernan said, because it is hidden, deposited around the internal organs within the abdomen. (fredhutch.org)
  • Abdominal obesity, also known as central obesity, is when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • An excess of visceral fat is known as central obesity, the "pot belly" or "beer belly" effect, in which the abdomen protrudes excessively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fat in the lower body, as in thighs and buttocks, is subcutaneous and is not consistently spaced tissue, whereas fat in the abdomen is mostly visceral and semi-fluid. (wikipedia.org)
  • In surgical praxis, the abdomen is the primary donor-site for harvesting the tissues to create the free flap, because that region of the woman's body usually contain's sufficient (redundant) adipocyte fat and skin -tissues that are biologically compatible and aesthetically adequate for the construction of a substitute breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technique The Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous free-flap, created from the transverse abdominal muscle, is a breast reconstruction flap harvested from the abdomen of the woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disadvantages Besides a long scar to the abdomen, the surgical sacrifice of the rectus abdominis muscle can result in a higher risk of medical complications of the abdominal donor-site, such as hernia, and consequent intestinal protrusion (bulging), and pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • to achieve that, a deficit in energy expenditure and caloric intake must be created-abdominal exercises alone are not enough to reduce abdominal fat and the girth of the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The external oblique muscle (of the abdomen) (also external abdominal oblique muscle) is the largest and the most superficial (outermost) of the three flat muscles of the lateral anterior abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a symptom, the patient feels a full and tight abdomen, which may cause abdominal pain and is sometimes accompanied by increased stomach growling, or more seriously, the total lack of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rectus abdominis muscle, also known as the "abdominals" or "abs", is a paired muscle running vertically on each side of the anterior wall of the human abdomen, as well as that of some other mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • tumors
  • Important but uncommon causes of abdominal bloating include ascites and tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ovarian cancer Important but uncommon causes of abdominal bloating include: Large intra-abdominal tumors, such as those arising from cancers of the ovarian, liver, uterus and stomach Megacolon, an abnormal dilation of the colon caused by some diseases, such as Chagas disease, a parasitic infection Cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedures, due to the artificial mouth-to-mouth insufflation of air. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retroperitoneal tumors may present themselves with signs of weight loss and emaciation and abdominal pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • lipid
  • Abdominal fat was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging, and intrahepatic lipid and intramyocellular lipid were assessed by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Compared with controls, significant reductions in total and visceral fat and intrahepatic lipid were observed in both exercise groups. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Collapsed across groups, changes in visceral fat were associated with changes in intrahepatic lipid ( r = 0.72) and insulin sensitivity ( r = −0.47). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Both AE and RE alone are effective for reducing abdominal fat and intrahepatic lipid in obese adolescent boys. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Although previous studies have examined the effect of aerobic exercise ( 12 , 13 ) or resistance training ( 14 , 15 ) on insulin sensitivity in obese children and adolescents, interpretation is limited because these studies did not include nonexercising controls ( 12 , 13 , 15 ) and did not measure ectopic fat (e.g., visceral obesity, liver fat, intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) mobilizations with exercise treatments ( 12 , 14 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • obesity is not
  • Although it is known that so-called 'apple-shaped' people who store their fat around the stomach are at higher risk for conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and stroke than 'pear-shaped' people who store their fat in their buttocks and thighs, visceral obesity is not necessarily correlated with body shape, McTiernan said. (fredhutch.org)
  • Abdominal obesity is not confined only to the elderly and obese subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • In animals, causes of abdominal bloating include: Gastric dilatation volvulus, a condition of dogs which occurs when gas is trapped inside the stomach and gastric torsion prevents it from escaping Ruminal tympany, a condition of ruminant animals which occurs when gas cannot escape from the rumen. (wikipedia.org)
  • obese
  • If the visceral fat is causative of insulin resistance, its surgical removal (omentectomy) might lead to improvement of insulin action, as seen in animal studies and in one study with morbidly obese human volunteers. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Regional abdominal fat distribution in lean and obese Thai type 2 diabetic women: relationships with insulin sensitivity and cardiovascular risk factors. (nih.gov)
  • Visceral fat and race-dependent health risks in obese nondiabetic premenopausal women. (nih.gov)
  • 2007) examined whether abdominal circumference is a more reliable indicator than BMI of the presence of knee osteoarthritis in obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may remain as a literal "apron of skin" if a severely obese person quickly loses large amounts of fat (a common result of gastric bypass surgery). (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging was used to determine body fat distribution. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Recent data suggest that people with abdominal obesity commonly exhibit low levels of GH, which affects the body's growth rate and the way the body uses food for energy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The reason: Exercise effectively reduces weight, overall body fat and intra-abdominal fat, a hidden risk factor for many chronic illnesses. (fredhutch.org)
  • There is a strong body of scientific evidence supporting the beneficial effects green tea can have on body weight, waist circumference and abdominal fat. (prohealth.com)
  • What is sometimes overlooked, however, is green tea's ability to promote weight loss and reduce body fat. (prohealth.com)
  • Multiple studies have been published showing that regular consumption of green tea - or of supplements containing the catechins extracted from green tea - may influence energy metabolism, body weight and body fat content. (prohealth.com)
  • Insulin resistance and body fat distribution. (nih.gov)
  • the proportions of muscle, bone, fat, and other tissue that make up a person's total body weight. (studystack.com)
  • also called abdominal fat or upper-body fat. (studystack.com)
  • the body minus its fat content. (studystack.com)
  • Acquired generalized lipodystrophy (also known as "Lawrence syndrome," and "Lawrence-Seip syndrome", abbreviation: AGL) is a rare skin condition that appears during childhood or adolescence, characterized by fat loss affecting large areas of the body, particularly the face, arms, and legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subcutaneous fat loss in AGL patients are visible in all parts of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • This body type is also known as "apple shaped", as opposed to "pear shaped", in which fat is deposited on the hips and buttocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late 1980s and early 1990s insightful and powerful imaging techniques were discovered that would further help advance the understanding of the health risks associated with body fat accumulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative weight and body mass index (BMI) are nearly identical and are reasonable estimates of body fatness as measured by percentage body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, BMI does not account for the wide variation in body fat distribution, and may not correspond to the same degree of fatness or associated health risk in different individuals and populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other measurements of fat distribution include the waist-hip ratio and body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal weight obesity is a condition of having normal body weight, but high body fat percentages with the same health risks of obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body mass index or BMI is a simple and widely used method for estimating body fat mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • BMI is an accurate reflection of body fat percentage in the majority of the adult population. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, their mean body fat percentage, 14%, is well within what's considered a healthy range. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, accurate measurement of body fat percentage is much more difficult than measurement of BMI. (wikipedia.org)
  • In those with a BMI under 35, intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tensing of the rectus abdominis causes the muscle to expand between each tendinous intersection, resulting in the characteristic six or eight pack observed in individuals with low body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • In AGL patients, adipose tissues are insufficient and leads to fat deposition in non-adipose tissues, such as muscle or liver, resulting in hypertriglyceridemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indications The woman must be psychologically motivated to undergo such great surgical interventions (reconstruction and harvesting), and she must physically possess sufficient abdominal tissues (skin, muscle, and fat) with which to construct the replacement breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • cardiovascular
  • This study will determine the occurrence of GH deficiency in abdominal obesity and whether GH deficiency is associated with increased cardiovascular risk beyond traditional risk factors. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Abdominal fat distribution and insulin levels only partially explain adverse cardiovascular risk profile in Asian Indians. (nih.gov)
  • Sonographic measurement of mesenteric fat thickness is a good correlate with cardiovascular risk factors: comparison with subcutaneous and preperitoneal fat thickness, magnetic resonance imaging and anthropometric indexes. (nih.gov)
  • Researchers first started to focus on abdominal obesity in the 1980s when they realized it had an important connection to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intra-abdominal or visceral fat has a particularly strong correlation with cardiovascular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammation
  • Acute disease related to intra-abdominal fat are due to inflammation of this fat and include mainly primary epiploic appendagitis, torsion of the greater omentum and mesenteric panniculitis. (springer.com)
  • Panniculitis is an inflammatory nodules of the subcutaneous fat, and in this type of AGL, adipose destruction originates locally at the infection or inflammation site and develops into generalized lipodystrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although trans fats are edible, consumption of trans fats has been shown to increase the risk of coronary artery disease in part by raising levels of the lipoprotein LDL (often referred to as "bad cholesterol"), lowering levels of the lipoprotein HDL (often referred to as "good cholesterol"), increasing triglycerides in the bloodstream and promoting systemic inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • vitro
  • Research into how the catechins, particularly EGCG, found in green tea benefit weight loss and fat distribution has been conducted in vitro (test tubes), using mice, and finally in clinical trials with humans. (prohealth.com)
  • person's
  • In 2003 the World Health Organisation recommended that trans fats make up no more than 1% of a person's diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Trans fat, or trans-unsaturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, are a type of unsaturated fat that occur in small amounts in nature, but became widely produced industrially from vegetable fats for use in margarine, snack food, packaged baked goods, and frying fast food starting in the 1950s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trans fats also occur naturally. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaccenyl and conjugated linoleyl (CLA) containing trans fats occur naturally in meat and dairy products from ruminants. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • The clinical presentation is similar to people with congenital lipodystrophy: the only difference is that AGL patients are born with normal fat distribution and symptoms develop in childhood and adolescence years and rarely begins after 30 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common symptoms include bloating, constipation, abdominal cramp or pain after bowel movement, or feeling like a movement is required even after one has been completed. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • Obesity, and more specifically abdominal obesity, may cause decreased growth hormone (GH) levels. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Two Canadian studies have shown that vaccenic acid, found in beef and dairy products, could actually be beneficial compared to hydrogenated vegetable shortening, or a mixture of pork lard and soy fat, by lowering total and LDL and triglyceride levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trans fats levels can be reduced or eliminated using saturated fats such as lard, palm oil or fully hydrogenated fats, or by using interesterified fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • De Brito P, Gomez MA, Besson M, Scotto B, Huten N, Alison D (2008) Frequency and epidemiology of primary epiploic appendagitis on CT in adults with abdominal pain. (springer.com)
  • This is useful for improving performance with certain sports, back pain, and for withstanding abdominal impacts (e.g., taking punches). (wikipedia.org)
  • IBS is a brain-gut dysfunction that causes visceral hypersensitivity and results in bloating in association with recurrent diarrhea (or constipation) and abdominal pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk
  • Because it is so costly to measure intra-abdominal obesity, until now very little data has existed on the impact of exercise on this dangerous, hidden health risk in both men and women,' she said. (fredhutch.org)
  • It is now generally believed that intra-abdominal fat is the depot that conveys the biggest health risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • because it possesses a robust blood supply, there is a low risk of tissue necrosis, either of the flap or of the adipocyte fat, and the reconstructed breast can tolerate oncologic radiotherapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trans fat has been shown to consistently be associated, in an intake-dependent way, with increased risk of coronary artery disease, a leading cause of death in Western nations. (wikipedia.org)