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  • filariasis
  • It is mainly used in humans in the treatment of onchocerciasis (river blindness), but is also effective against other worm infestations (such as strongyloidiasis, ascariasis, trichuriasis, filariasis and enterobiasis), and some epidermal parasitic skin diseases, including scabies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of these 20, two were targeted for eradication (dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) by 2015 and yaws by 2020), and four for elimination (blinding trachoma, human African trypanosomiasis, leprosy and lymphatic filariasis by 2020). (wikipedia.org)
  • Anemia
  • These symptoms negatively impact nutritional status, including decreased absorption of micronutrients, loss of appetite, weight loss, and intestinal blood loss that can often result in anemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Health Organ
  • Twenty neglected tropical diseases are prioritized by the World Health Organization (WHO), though other organizations define NTDs differently. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization recognizes the seventeen diseases below as neglected tropical diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lorenzo Savioli is a senior United Nations civil servant and the director of the Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases at the World Health Organization Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • Ivermectin is contraindicated in children under the age of five, or those who weigh less than 15 kilograms (33 pounds) and those who are breastfeeding, and have a liver or kidney disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydatic disease (aka echinococcosis) of the liver, lung, and peritoneum (caused by the larval form of the dog tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus) or of the alveoli (caused by E. multilocularis) when surgical excision is not possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • vectors
  • For example, from poverty stem problems such as lack of adequate housing, thus exposing individuals to the vectors of these diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Amphistomiasis or paramphistomiasis (alternatively spelled amphistomosis or paramphistomosis) is a parasitic disease of livestock animals, more commonly of cattle and sheep, and humans caused by immature helminthic flatworms belonging to the order Echinostomida. (wikipedia.org)
  • Metagonimiasis is a disease caused by an intestinal trematode, most commonly Metagonimus yokagawai, but sometimes by M. takashii or M. miyatai. (wikipedia.org)
  • morbidity
  • To effectively decrease the morbidity and mortality of diseases, the population should get access to water from home instead from outside. (wikipedia.org)
  • genus
  • Genus Besnoitia infects cats that ingest cysts in the tissue of rodents and opossums, but usually do not cause disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The treatment is based upon the hypothesis that parasitic mites of the genus Demodex play a role in rosacea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical
  • People who test HIV-positive at the hospital and referred from other health institutions are attached to the antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic for clinical and laboratory investigations to monitor their disease status. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Smallpox Disease and Its Clinical Management" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Parasitic contamination can also occur from eating raw vegetables and fruits, soil-eating behavior, and lack of available safe water. (wikipedia.org)
  • sanitation
  • The most common causes of intestinal parasites are through consumption of contaminated water, infected soil, inadequate sanitation and hygiene, and improper hygiene. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, many of the research-based interventions have primarily taken place in underdeveloped countries and regions, where sanitation is a large concern for spreading disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • For many environmental and social reasons, including crowded living and working conditions, inadequate sanitation, and disproportionate occupation as sex workers, the poor are more likely to be exposed to infectious diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was carried out among Orang Asli schoolchildren from Sekolah Kebangsaan Betau in Pos Betau, Pahang (200 km northeast Kuala Lumpur) to investigate the effects of vitamin A supplementation on intestinal parasitic reinfections, growth, iron status and educational achievement. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In other animals it is used to prevent and treat heartworm among other diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • In extreme situations such as in Assam, India, a number of mortality among children is attributed to this disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diseases of poverty is a term sometimes used to collectively describe diseases, disabilities, and health conditions that are more prevalent among the poor than among wealthier people. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Invasion of the apical tip of ileal enterocytes by sporozoites and merozoites causes pathology seen in the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease causes a fifth of all infant deaths and has orphaned 200,000 children. (wikipedia.org)
  • In livestock industry the disease causes heavy economic backlashes due to poor production of milk, meat and wool. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • In earlier times, turpentine was often used for this, but modern drugs do not poison intestinal worms directly. (wikipedia.org)
  • In countries such as these, the burdens of neglected tropical diseases are often overshadowed by other public health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • The body of the adult disease-causing agent of metagonimiasis is often described as leaf-shaped, similar to most trematodes. (wikipedia.org)