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  • relative severity
  • In other settings such as automotive design and occupant protection, MAIS is a useful tool for the comparison of specific injuries and their relative severity and the changes in those frequencies that may result from evolving motor vehicle design. (wikipedia.org)
  • polytrauma
  • Polytrauma often results from blast injuries sustained from improvised explosive devices, or by a hit with a rocket-propelled grenade, with "Improvised explosive devices, blasts, landmines, and fragments account[ing] for 65 percent of combat injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pathophysiology of polytrauma - Keel, M. & Trentz O. - Injury, Volume 36, Issue 6, Pages 691-709 http://www.resuscitationjournal.com/article/S0300-9572%2810%2900124-3/abstract Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in severe trauma patients with bleeding shock Polytrauma Rehabilitation Procedures Archived 2008-09-21 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • fractures
  • Seventy-one patients with closed diaphyseal humerus fractures, and Injury Severity Score (ISS) of ≥17, treated between 2006 and 2011 were identified. (ovid.com)
  • The decision to undertake operative management of closed diaphyseal humerus fractures in the polytraumatized patient is multifaceted and should consider patient expectations, demographics, injury profile, and ambulatory status. (ovid.com)
  • assessment
  • The initial assessment is critical, and involves a physical evaluation and also may include the use of imaging tools to determine the types of injuries accurately and to formulate a course of treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The initial assessment is critical in determining the extent of injuries and what will be needed to manage an injury, and for treating immediate life threats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The secondary examination consists of a systematic assessment of the abdominal, pelvic, and thoracic areas, a complete inspection of the body surface to find all injuries, and a neurological examination. (wikipedia.org)
  • It represents the threat to life associated with the injury rather than the comprehensive assessment of the severity of the injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • physiological
  • Many medical symptoms such as inflammation, fever, pain, sickness behavior, or morning sickness have an evolutionary medicine function of enabling the body to protect, heal or restore itself from injury, infection or other physiological disruption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Modern evolutionary medicine identifies them with physiologically based self-treatments that provide the body with prophylactic, healing, or restorative capabilities against injuries, infections and physiological disruption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early appropriate care (EAC) is a system in orthopaedic trauma surgery aiming to identify serious major trauma patients and treat the most time-critical injuries without adding to their physiological burden. (wikipedia.org)
  • emergency medical
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the RSI as evaluated by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel at the injury scene (EMS RSI) and the physician in the emergency department (ED RSI) could be used as an additional variable to identify patients who are at high risk of more severe injury. (mdpi.com)
  • surgical
  • Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal injuries, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, bone tumours, and congenital limb deformities. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe brain injury
  • MacKenzie EJ, Shapiro S, Moody M, Siegel JH, Smith RT (1986) Predicting posttrauma disability for individuals without severe brain injury. (springer.com)
  • In the past, persons who suffered a severe brain injury were often placed in mental health facilities and/or nursing homes that lacked the specific training and rehabilitation protocols to help these consumers. (naric.com)
  • patient
  • The ICDPIC tool captured TBI severity better than ICD-9-CM code embedded severity and offered the advantage of generating a severity value for every patient (rather than having missing data). (bmj.com)
  • They have a host of applications including quality improvements in patient care, trauma systems and health care delivery, injury prevention initiatives, and epidemiological studies of injury. (mhmedical.com)
  • An AIS-Code of 6 is not the arbitrary code for a deceased patient or fatal injury, but the code for injuries specifically assigned an AIS 6 severity. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002
  • In 2002, unintentional and intentional injuries were the fifth and seventh leading causes of deaths worldwide, accounting for 6.23% and 2.84% of all deaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • head
  • The three most severe scores (subdural haematoma in the head region ) in each body region are applied, by rule. (zanran.com)
  • also referred to as head injury, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and acquired brain injury (ABI) as it relates to community re-integration and independent living. (naric.com)
  • Brain injury has gained further awareness due to the increasing number of soldiers returning with combat-related head trauma, and professional athletes suffering repeated head injuries, specifically professional football players. (naric.com)
  • An AIS-Code of 9 is used to describe injuries for which not enough information is available for more detailed coding, e.g. crush injury to the head. (wikipedia.org)
  • When it comes to managing injuries, head and neck injures require the most care post surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Head-injuries are one of the major causes of trauma related death and disabilities worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Management
  • The aim of the present study was to determine the preventability of traumatic deaths, analyze the medical measures related to preventable deaths, detect management failures, and reveal specific injury patterns in order to avoid traumatic deaths in Berlin. (springer.com)
  • a specially designed procedure for "economic resource management" that is, I believe, one of the key features of the "natural health-care service" which has evolved in ourselves and other animals to help us deal throughout our lives with repeated bouts of sickness, injury, and other threats to our well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on the severity of injury, quickness of management and transportation to an appropriate medical facility (called a trauma center) may be necessary to prevent loss of life or limb. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guidelines for essential trauma care: Airway management, monitoring, and management of injuries are all key guidelines when it comes to medical trauma care. (wikipedia.org)
  • outcomes
  • This chapter provides a concise description of injury severity scoring and modeling, with particular emphasis on application to outcomes research and quality improvement. (mhmedical.com)
  • 1 as a threshold to evaluate the hemodynamic condition of the patients at the injury scene and upon arrival to the ED provides valid information regarding deteriorating outcomes for certain subgroups of patients in the ED setting. (mdpi.com)
  • Major trauma is injury that can potentially lead to serious outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Pub.L. 113-152) is a bill that would amend the Public Health Service Act, with respect to trauma care and research programs, to include in the definition of "trauma" an injury resulting from extrinsic agents other than mechanical force, including those that are thermal, electrical, chemical, or radioactive. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Improving Trauma Care Act of 2014 would amend the Public Health Service Act, with respect to trauma care and research programs, to include in the definition of "trauma" an injury resulting from extrinsic agents other than mechanical force, including those that are thermal, electrical, chemical, or radioactive. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bill would expand the definition of trauma to also include an injury resulting from exposure to an extrinsic agent that is thermal, electrical, chemical, or radioactive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Palmer
  • While Brundle only had one point scoring finish for the season, Palmer would go on to score 6 World Championship points for Tyrrell and would also win the Jim Clark Cup as the 'Atmo Champion' for drivers of cars with Naturally aspirated engines. (wikipedia.org)
  • traumatic
  • According to the organizations, the existing definition of "trauma" is too narrow and "excludes burn centers from participating in federal programs designed to support emergency medical care for those suffering from traumatic injuries or to compete for federal research support targeting trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spinal cord injury can be traumatic or nontraumatic, and can be classified into three types based on cause: mechanical forces, toxic, and ischemic (from lack of blood flow). (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • The combination of inflammation, reduced blood flow to the appendix and distention of the appendix causes tissue injury and tissue death. (wikipedia.org)
  • this disorder is a form of plasma cell dyscrasia in which no myeloma protein is detected in serum or urine (at least as determined by conventional laboratory methods) of individuals who have clear evidence of an increase in clonal bone marrow plasma cells and/or evidence of clonal plasma cell-mediated tissue injury (e.g. plasmacytoma tumors). (wikipedia.org)
  • Research into new treatments for spinal cord injuries includes stem cell implantation, engineered materials for tissue support, epidural spinal stimulation, and wearable robotic exoskeletons. (wikipedia.org)
  • The damage can also be divided into primary and secondary injury: the cell death that occurs immediately in the original injury, and biochemical cascades that are initiated by the original insult and cause further tissue damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • significant
  • Significant reduction in eczema severity was demonstrated in 31 Staphylococcus aureus infected atopic dermatitis patients after 3 months of using dilute bleach baths twice a week, in a randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled trial. (wikipedia.org)
  • worker
  • The ground-breaking program initiated by Tyson Fresh Meats, formerly known as IBP, and the United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW) union, has involved workplace improvements that have helped reduce worker injuries and illnesses, such as strains and sprains. (ufcw.org)
  • A widely reported case of frontal lobe injury was that of Phineas Gage, a railroad worker whose left frontal lobe was damaged by a large iron rod in 1848 (though Gage's subsequent personality changes are almost always grossly exaggerated). (wikipedia.org)
  • assessment
  • In this scenario, the rating achieved by the Alfa Giulietta (97% Adult Occupant, 85% Child Occupant, 63% Pedestrian Protection and 86%Safety Assist) means that the car will also have a five-star rating in 2012 when the assessment system will have reached maximum severity. (carbreak.co.uk)
  • The study used an Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) score and measured the body surface area affected by the dermatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • illness
  • For this purpose, we examined affected patients' perception of tinnitus as an illness, comorbidity, scores on locus of control, length of time since onset of tinnitus, pitch and loudness of tinnitus sounds, and depression. (neurootology.org)
  • For example, the OSHA recordable injury and illness rate at the Dakota City plant is currently running 67 percent below the rate recorded in 1991. (ufcw.org)
  • debut
  • He also became one of the youngest goalscorers in the Prva HNL as he scored on his league debut for Dinamo at the age of 16 before helping them win the double of a Croatian cup and a league title in 2003 and then the Croatian cup again the following season. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sydney's first match for 2006-07 was against Queensland, and featured the debut of former Queensland player Alex Brosque, as well as Nikolai Topor-Stanley, a short-term signing to cover injury to defender Jacob Timpano. (wikipedia.org)
  • game
  • On November 4, 1984, during a 45-0 win against the Kansas City Chiefs, the Seahawks returned four interceptions for touchdowns, including one caught by Easley, breaking the record for most touchdowns scored from an interception in a game. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dynamo were missing Kozlov and Kozhemyakin through injury and tried to play a more defensive type of game to contain Rangers. (wikipedia.org)
  • In rare cases, when the offending player suffers an injury on the same play, whoever is on the ice at the time of the penalty may also serve the penalty, as was the case of Game 2 of the Pittsburgh Penguins-Washington Capitals during the 2017 Stanley Cup playoffs, when Phil Kessel served a penalty in place of Tom Kuhnhackl. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injuries and representative duties for several of Sydney's regular players handed Terry Butcher the opportunity to give game time to backup goalkeeper Justin Pasfield, as well as trial uncontracted players such as Nikolas Tsattalios, Jason Naidovski and Steven Bozinovski. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • This article reviews the performance of bedside lung ultrasound for diagnosing pleural effusion, pneumothorax, alveolar-interstitial syndrome, lung consolidation, pulmonary abscess and lung recruitment/derecruitment in critically ill patients with acute lung injury. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the ICU, bedside chest radiography is routinely performed on a daily basis and is considered as a reference for assessing lung status in critically ill patients with acute lung injury. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Blood and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid were collected from 35 patients with acute lung injury (ALI)/ARDS, 14 patients at risk from ARDS and 7 ventilated controls at baseline and after 4 days' treatment with placebo or salbutamol (ALI/ARDS group). (bmj.com)
  • 8 Neutrophil elastase inhibitors in animal models limit the degree of lung injury caused by ischaemia reperfusion 9 and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 10 although a recent multicentre clinical trial of the elastase inhibitor Sivelestat failed to improve outcome in a heterogeneous group of patients with ARDS. (bmj.com)
  • citation needed] In subarachnoid hemorrhage, 13% of patients have Terson's syndrome, which is associated with more severe SAH (higher Hunt-Hess score, a marker of severity), and risk of death is significantly increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, when patients with such injuries are tested using standard memory tests, they often score within normal. (wikipedia.org)
  • team
  • The two points scored by Brundle in 1987 were the only points the Zakspeed team scored in their five-year (1985-89) run in Formula One. (wikipedia.org)
  • His latest match for the national team was on 15 October 2013, and he missed 2014 FIFA World Cup because of an injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coach Terry Butcher praised the "spirit" of the Sydney team as they outscored Melbourne for the remainder of the match, but Sydney could not level the scores as Melbourne took the match 3-2. (wikipedia.org)
  • widely
  • Depending on the location and severity of damage along the spinal cord, the symptoms can vary widely, from pain or numbness to paralysis to incontinence. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prognosis also ranges widely, from full recovery in rare cases to permanent tetraplegia (also called quadriplegia) in injuries at the level of the neck, and paraplegia in lower injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other interventions needed can vary widely depending on the location and extent of the injury, from bed rest to surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • overall
  • The new Alfa Giulietta was recently awarded a Euro NCAP five-star crash safety rating and an overall score of 87/100: an impressive result that makes it the safest compact car built to date. (carbreak.co.uk)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The RPGN grading system was more useful to predict six-month overall and ESRD-free survival than the EUVAS-defined severity or FFS 2009. (okayama-u.ac.jp)
  • include
  • The types of injuries discussed include shoulder tendonitis, frozen shoulder, and rotator cuff problems. (amjorthopedics.com)
  • Pub.L. 113-152) is a bill that would amend the Public Health Service Act, with respect to trauma care and research programs, to include in the definition of "trauma" an injury resulting from extrinsic agents other than mechanical force, including those that are thermal, electrical, chemical, or radioactive. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Improving Trauma Care Act of 2014 would amend the Public Health Service Act, with respect to trauma care and research programs, to include in the definition of "trauma" an injury resulting from extrinsic agents other than mechanical force, including those that are thermal, electrical, chemical, or radioactive. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bill would expand the definition of trauma to also include an injury resulting from exposure to an extrinsic agent that is thermal, electrical, chemical, or radioactive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Complications that can occur in the short and long term after injury include muscle atrophy, pressure sores, infections, and respiratory problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • Scores of conditions, including pregnancy itself, as well as infections such as TB that are especially prevalent in Africa, have been shown to affect the immune system in ways that cause positive reactions with test kits used to diagnose "HIV" infection, but have nothing to do with HIV. (newmediaexplorer.org)
  • prevent
  • Kroger and UFCW Indiana locals have learned from the tragic accident in Franklin and are actively working to prevent future injuries or deaths. (ufcw.org)
  • Over the past 20 years, our company has devoted millions of dollars in ergonomically designed equipment and process improvements, as well as training, which we believe have helped prevent workplace injuries and illnesses," said Jim Lochner, chief operating officer of Tyson Foods. (ufcw.org)
  • Dr. Steve Gangemi (aka the Sock Doc) explains how to identify, naturally treat, and prevent common shoulder pain, shoulder injuries and ailments. (amjorthopedics.com)
  • damage
  • An injury is the damage to a biological organism caused by physical harm. (wikipedia.org)
  • the severity of the damage to Brundle's left ankle initially led doctors to consider amputating his left foot. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Brundle did recover, the damage would leave him with permanent injuries, preventing him from running and left-foot braking. (wikipedia.org)
  • A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that causes changes in its function, either temporary or permanent. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the majority of cases the damage results from physical trauma such as car accidents, gunshots, falls, or sports injuries, but it can also result from nontraumatic causes such as infection, insufficient blood flow, and tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paraplegia occurs when the legs are affected by the spinal cord damage (in thoracic, lumbar, or sacral injuries), and tetraplegia occurs when all four limbs are affected (cervical damage). (wikipedia.org)
  • long
  • Because of this, frontal lobe injuries have long been associated with memory problems, despite little evidence actually showing this relation to be true. (wikipedia.org)
  • Known since ancient times to be a catastrophic injury and long believed to be untreatable, SCI has seen great improvements in its care since the middle of the 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • total
  • Injuries can occur at any level of the spinal cord and can be classified as complete injury, a total loss of sensation and muscle function, or incomplete, meaning some nervous signals are able to travel past the injured area of the cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • record
  • He was the 1988 World Sportscar Champion, with a record points score, and won the 1990 24 Hours of Le Mans race for Jaguar Cars in a Jaguar XJR-12. (wikipedia.org)
  • current
  • Meanwhile, the current rate of injuries and illnesses at Dakota City requiring the involvement of a physician is 73 percent below 1991 levels. (ufcw.org)
  • Under current law, the definition of trauma means an injury resulting from exposure to a mechanical force. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • A person's level of injury is defined as the lowest level of full sensation and function. (wikipedia.org)
  • An "incomplete" spinal cord injury involves preservation of motor or sensory function below the level of injury in the spinal cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Memory impairment is another common effect associated with frontal lobe injuries, but this effect is less documented and may or may not be the result of flawed testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • tests
  • His scores for visuoconstruction tests were in the high average range. (docplayer.net)
  • In testing the behavioral effects of a frontal lobe injury, however, many of the tests are still very simple and do not involve greatly advanced technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • functions
  • Injury avoidance and mitigation functions, such as seat belt reminder, ESP and speed limiter, are also rated. (carbreak.co.uk)
  • In a "complete" spinal injury, all functions below the injured area are lost, whether or not the spinal cord is severed. (wikipedia.org)
  • below
  • His scores for learning and retention of information (with perfect recognition), interference, planning and letter fluency were below normal. (docplayer.net)