Loading...
  • provide
  • Other chapters provide thoughtful discussion of the teaching of probability theory, the diverse and surprising applications of the work of Fibonacci, and a mathematician's battle with the casinos. (alldiscountbooks.net)
  • The main advantage of the recurrence quantification analysis is that it can provide useful information even for short and non-stationary data, where other methods fail. (wikipedia.org)
  • show
  • I will first briefly describe Spetner's metric of information, I will then show that 1) Spetner's metrics depend on a binding mechanism that does not occur in nature, 2) that Spetner's metrics require that substances bind to enzymes in an all or nothing fashion, whereas real substrates do not bind in this way. (talkorigins.org)
  • In his Xylitol example he does not actually use the measure he develops, and in the streptomycin example he swaps to a different metric, when his original metric would show increased information. (talkorigins.org)
  • Inference
  • He first described his results at a Conference at Caltech in 1960, and in a report, February 1960, "A Preliminary Report on a General Theory of Inductive Inference. (wikipedia.org)
  • principle
  • Historically, the simplicity principle is an information-theoretical translation of the Gestalt law of Prägnanz, which was inspired by the natural tendency of physical systems to settle into relatively stable states defined by a minimum of free-energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • It serves as the foundation of the Minimum Description Length (MDL) principle, can simplify proofs in computational complexity theory, has been used to define a universal similarity metric between objects, solves the Maxwell daemon problem, and many others. (scholarpedia.org)
  • Information theory does sort of have a principle of degradation, but it is only applicable in certain situations (which evolution isn't one of). (talkorigins.org)
  • Information theory and the extension of the maximum likelihood principle. (springer.com)
  • context
  • In order to place Weick's vision regarding Organizational Information Theory into proper working context, exploring his view regarding what constitutes the organization and how its individuals embody that construct might yield significant insights. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hartley's 1928 paper, called simply "Transmission of Information", went further by using the word information (in a technical sense), and making explicitly clear that information in this context was a measurable quantity, reflecting only the receiver's ability to distinguish that one sequence of symbols had been intended by the sender rather than any other-quite regardless of any associated meaning or other psychological or semantic aspect the symbols might represent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Information flow in an information theoretical context is the transfer of information from a variable x {\displaystyle x} to a variable y {\displaystyle y} in a given process. (wikipedia.org)
  • namely
  • The third question is a bit too subtle for the present frame of discussion, but the first and second are easily recognizable as staking out the two main axes of information theory, namely, the dual dimensions of information and control. (wikipedia.org)
  • theoretical
  • When viewed in this modular fashion, the organization meets Weick's theoretical vision by encompassing parameters that are less bound by concrete, wood, and structural restraints and more by an ability to serve as a repository where information can be consistently and effectively channeled. (wikipedia.org)
  • complexity
  • Information theory is closely associated with a collection of pure and applied disciplines that have been investigated and reduced to engineering practice under a variety of rubrics throughout the world over the past half century or more: adaptive systems, anticipatory systems, artificial intelligence, complex systems, complexity science, cybernetics, informatics, machine learning, along with systems sciences of many descriptions. (wikipedia.org)
  • With a framework that is interdisciplinary in nature, organizational information theory's desire to eliminate both ambiguity and complexity from workplace messaging builds upon earlier findings from general systems theory and phenomenology. (wikipedia.org)
  • and extensions to wavelets, complexity, compression, and efficient coding of audio-visual information for human perception. (cam.ac.uk)
  • A judicial download science and, as processed as the ' moral complexity of Conrad ', returned seen in 1096, compared in 1130, and exerted in 1174, fully two iron(III and information of the function be. (prigsbee.com)
  • axioms
  • The wording of the axioms has changed slightly as the theory has developed, and the most recent and complete statement of the axioms is as follows: The axioms describe regularities in conscious experience, and IIT seeks to explain these regularities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Figure 1: Axioms of Integrated Information Theory (IIT). (scholarpedia.org)
  • achievable
  • We formalize these notions and evaluate the hiding capacity, which upper-bounds the rates of reliable transmission and quantifies the fundamental tradeoff between three quantities: the achievable information-hiding rates and the allowed distortion levels for the information hider and the attacker. (psu.edu)
  • displaystyle
  • This amount of information he quantified as H = log ⁡ S n {\displaystyle H=\log S^{n}\,} where S was the number of possible symbols, and n the number of symbols in a transmission. (wikipedia.org)
  • Solomonoff
  • The theory was founded by Ray Solomonoff, who published the basic ideas on which the field is based as part of his invention of algorithmic probability-a way to overcome serious problems associated with the application of Bayes' rules in statistics. (wikipedia.org)
  • metrics
  • I will first briefly describe Spetner's metric of information, I will then show that 1) Spetner's metrics depend on a binding mechanism that does not occur in nature, 2) that Spetner's metrics require that substances bind to enzymes in an all or nothing fashion, whereas real substrates do not bind in this way. (talkorigins.org)
  • In his claim, Spetner uses two separate metrics of information. (talkorigins.org)
  • Biology
  • Lee Spetner is an information theorist who has written a book claiming that random mutations can not produce the kind of "informational" changes in biology that is allegedly required by evolution ( 1 ). (talkorigins.org)
  • Spetner's notion of information in biology has been taken up by several groups of evolution deniers, and while others have produced specific critiques of his work ( 3 , 4 ), there is no overall general analysis of his arguments. (talkorigins.org)
  • definitions
  • In developing Organizational Information Theory, Weick took a "social psychological stance that notes that individual behavior is more a function of the situation than of personal traits or role definitions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many of the concepts in information theory have separate definitions and formulas for continuous and discrete cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • These separate definitions can be more closely related in terms of measure theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though decisively and directly related, these definitions must also be distinguished from the definition of 'information' introduced by R.A. Fisher in 1925 for estimation theory. (springer.com)
  • obtains
  • When an information source capable of outputing any one of the 128 basic ASCII symbols, all equally likely, produces a symbol, the observer obtains 7 bits of information, exactly the number of bits used to encode the basic ASCII symbol set. (talkorigins.org)
  • attacker
  • The classic example is a password checker program that, in order to be useful, needs to disclose some secret information: whether the input password is correct or not (note that the information that an attacker learns in case the program rejects the password is that the attempted password is not the valid one). (wikipedia.org)
  • Next, an attacker may seek to destroy this hidden information, and for this purpose, introduce additional distortion to the data set. (psu.edu)
  • The hiding capacity is the value of a game between the information hider and the attacker. (psu.edu)
  • human perception
  • Structural information theory (SIT) is a theory about human perception and in particular about visual perceptual organization, which is the neuro-cognitive process that enables us to perceive scenes as structured wholes consisting of objects arranged in space. (wikipedia.org)