• hypogonadism
  • In addition to infertility management, the fellowship will include weekly experiences in a variety of men's health evaluations and procedures to include medical and surgical management of erectile dysfunction, Peyronie's disease, prostatitis syndromes, hypogonadism, and orchialgia. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • In men, CD can reduce semen quality and cause immature secondary sex characteristics, hypogonadism and hyperprolactinaemia, which causes impotence and loss of libido. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hyperprolactinaemia may cause galactorrhea (production and spontaneous flow of breast milk) and disruptions in the normal menstrual period in women and hypogonadism, infertility and erectile dysfunction in men. (wikipedia.org)
  • genital
  • Under this condition, the semen discharged from male genital organs is low in concentration of sperms. (pearltrees.com)
  • The degree of impairment is sufficient to impair spermatogenesis and / or the development of secondary sexual characteristics at puberty in males, but does not affect genital differentiation or development. (wikipedia.org)
  • this category of androgen insensitivity is diagnosed when the degree of androgen insensitivity in an individual with a 46,XY karyotype is great enough to impair virilization or spermatogenesis, but is not great enough to impair normal male genital development. (wikipedia.org)
  • The unresponsiveness of the cell to the presence of androgenic hormones prevents the masculinization of male genitalia in the developing fetus, as well as the development of male secondary sexual characteristics at puberty, but does allow, without significant impairment, female genital and sexual development in genetic males with the condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cells of unaffected genetic males then masculinize by, among other things, enlarging the genital tubercle into a penis but in females it becomes the clitoris, while what in females becomes the labia fuses to become the scrotum of males (where the testicles will later descend). (wikipedia.org)
  • CAIS is one of the three categories of androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) since AIS is differentiated according to the degree of genital masculinization: complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS) when the external genitalia is that of a normal female, mild androgen insensitivity syndrome (MAIS) when the external genitalia is that of a normal male, and partial androgen insensitivity syndrome (PAIS) when the external genitalia is partially, but not fully masculinized. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ibuprofen
  • Researcher David Møbjerg Kristensen, from the University of Copenhagen, said: "Our lab tests show that when you hit the testes with a compound like ibuprofen, it results in a reduction in all the main male hormones. (nypost.com)
  • John Smith, chief executive of the Proprietary Association of Great Britain, the UK trade association representing manufacturers of branded over-the-counter medicines, said: "The researchers highlight that further studies would be required to determine the possible effect ibuprofen could have on human reproductive and physical disorders, specifically in men. (nypost.com)
  • Studies claim that Ibuprofen alters the production of hormones and has a negative effect on male reproductive organs. (emaxhealth.com)
  • genetic
  • Numerous studies have suggested that genetic disruption or functional polymorphisms in these antioxidant genes are associated with a higher risk for male infertility, which include low sperm quality, oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, oligozoospermia, and subfertility. (hindawi.com)
  • Spermatocytogenesis is the male form of gametocytogenesis and results in the formation of spermatocytes possessing half the normal complement of genetic material. (wikipedia.org)
  • As such, the insensitivity to androgens is only clinically significant when it occurs in genetic males (i.e. individuals with a Y chromosome, or more specifically, an SRY gene). (wikipedia.org)
  • Although all human fetuses, whether genetic males or females, begin fetal development looking similar, with both the Müllerian duct system (female) and the Wolffian duct system (male) developing. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is at the seventh week of gestation that the bodies of unaffected genetic males begin their masculinization: i.e, the Wolffian duct system is promoted and the Müllerian duct system is suppressed (the reverse happens with normal females). (wikipedia.org)
  • This process is triggered by androgens produced by the gonads, which in genetic females had earlier become ovaries, but in genetic males had become testicles due to the presence of the Y Chromosome. (wikipedia.org)
  • This results not only in infertility for a genetic male with CAIS, but also presents a high risk of testicular cancer later on in life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic factors including aneuploidies and single-gene mutations are also contributed to the male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urology
  • In the experience of Martin Miner, MD, and Joel Heidelbaugh, MD, men's health is far more than the working relationship between urology and primary care centered around male-specific medical concerns, and includes several different and significant subspecialties. (modernmedicine.com)
  • A study from the State University of New York at Stony Brook was published in the Journal of Urology in 1998 where 97 men with infertility were examined to see if their underwear choice made a difference. (go.com)
  • androgen
  • All forms of androgen insensitivity are associated with infertility, though exceptions have been reported for both the mild and partial forms. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prostate, like the external male genitalia, cannot masculinize in the absence of androgen receptor function, and thus remains in the female form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary
  • This is another reason it's very important for men to be evaluated by a urologist who's specially trained in male infertility," said Williams, noting that the common route of the man being evaluated by his primary care doctor or his partner's OB/GYN is often not enough. (go.com)
  • It is present in up to 35% of cases of primary infertility and 69-81% of secondary infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • A large percentage of human male infertility is estimated to be caused by mutations in genes involved in primary or secondary spermatogenesis and sperm quality and function. (wikipedia.org)
  • These findings substantially increase the number of NR5A1 mutations reported in humans and show that mutations in NR5A1 can be found in patients with a wide range of phenotypic features, ranging from 46,XY sex reversal with primary adrenal failure to male infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Cleveland Clinic is one of the first institutions in the United States to offer a clinical fellowship in Male Infertility. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The clinical fellow will spend the majority of his/her time in the clinic and in the operating room, evaluating and managing patients with infertility problems. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Psychological causes of impotency may include: Clinical depression Medications Fatigue Stress Relationship issues social interaction All of the listed issues above can arise as a result of psychological effects of infertility in men. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinical phenotype associated with MAIS is a normal male habitus with mild spermatogenic defect and / or reduced secondary terminal hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment
  • You may need to contact a specialist in Chinese medicine infertility, and you might possibly need to travel for treatment. (pulsemed.org)
  • Antioxidant treatment may play a role in assisting couples with male infertility problems, a new review, published today by the Cochrane Library, suggests. (emaxhealth.com)
  • It included a placebo group, a no treatment group, and an antioxidant supplementation group for the men. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Couples with long term infertility, who have faced much treatment failure, report higher levels of depression, low satisfaction with their sex lives, and low levels of well being. (wikipedia.org)
  • A lot of men believe that there are numerous disincentives to psychological treatment despite its potential benefits, especially for those forms of infertility most linked to psychological and behavioral factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only after treatment do some men realize they had a problem with sexual function. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is associated with infertility, but many forms are amenable to medical treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • scrotum
  • Researchers found an average difference of less than half of a degree Fahrenheit in temperature of the scrotum between men who wore one underwear type or the other, with a margin of error larger than the difference. (go.com)
  • decrease
  • It starts at puberty and usually continues uninterrupted until death, although a slight decrease can be discerned in the quantity of produced sperm with increase in age (see Male infertility). (wikipedia.org)
  • In women, a high blood level of prolactin often causes hypoestrogenism with anovulatory infertility and a decrease in menstruation. (wikipedia.org)
  • reproductive tract
  • only ASA in the male reproductive tract appears to do so. (wikipedia.org)
  • In both men and women, ASA production are directed against surface antigens on sperm, which can interfere with sperm motility and transport through the female reproductive tract, inhibiting capacitation and acrosome reaction, impaired fertilization, influence on the implantation process, and impaired growth and development of the embryo. (wikipedia.org)
  • fertile
  • The research team studied 192 men who were part of couples that were "sub-fertile" - meaning that they had a lower ability to become pregnant than normal, healthy couples. (emaxhealth.com)
  • For many decades sperm concentrations of less than 20 million sperm/ml were considered low or oligospermic, recently, however, the WHO reassessed sperm criteria and established a lower reference point, less than 15 million sperm/ml, consistent with the 5th percentile for fertile men. (wikipedia.org)
  • spermatogenesis
  • Therefore, variants in antioxidant genes, which independently or synergistically occur with environmental ROS, affect spermatogenesis and contribute to the occurrence of male infertility. (hindawi.com)
  • Thus, spermatogenesis is the male version of gametogenesis, of which the female equivalent is oogenesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spermatogenesis produces mature male gametes, commonly called sperm but more specifically known as spermatozoa, which are able to fertilize the counterpart female gamete, the oocyte, during conception to produce a single-celled individual known as a zygote. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spermatogenesis takes place within several structures of the male reproductive system. (wikipedia.org)
  • cases
  • Approximately one-third of cases result from male factors, one-third from female factors, and one-third from combined factors. (health.am)
  • HMG + HCG is not better than placebo in cases of infertility with normal levels of gonadotrophins (Knuth, JCEM 65:1081,1987). (gfmer.ch)
  • The use of carnitine showed some promise in a controlled trial in selected cases of male infertility improving sperm quality and further studies are needed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cases of phenotypically normal males with isolated spermatogenic defect due to AR mutation were first detected as the result of male infertility evaluations. (wikipedia.org)
  • man's
  • Dr. Rheta Keylor of the Massachusetts Institute for Psychoanalysis stated that, male infertility is an "assault on a man's sense of self revives feelings of competition, castration, and experiences of developmental trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • New research published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives has linked PCBs and other environmental chemicals to sperm abnormalities and male infertility. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Research suggests that men and women differ in their psychological responses to infertility Samaira Malik, from the Institute of Work, Health, and Organizations at the University of Nottingham, UK, said, "men are in fact equally affected by the unfulfilled desire for a child but are less open about their feelings. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mechanisms through which both women and men develop ASA is also poorly understood and a subject of research. (wikipedia.org)
  • contribute
  • However, it is possible that these mutations individually have no major effect and only contribute to the male infertility by collaboration with other contributors such as environmental factors and other genomics variants. (wikipedia.org)
  • problems
  • During the initial consult, both partners will be evaluated for infertility problems. (upmc.com)
  • Men can also have problems expressing their concerns with infertility to their partners. (articleinsider.com)
  • Because men have no reliable indicator such as menstruation to signal a problem, many men with hyperprolactinaemia being caused by a pituitary adenoma may delay going to the doctor until they have headaches or eye problems caused by the enlarged pituitary pressing against the adjacent optic chiasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • testicles
  • Genetically male individuals affected by CAIS, however, will develop a normal external female habitus, despite the presence of a Y chromosome, but internally, they will lack a uterus, and the vaginal cavity will be shallow, while the gonads, having been turned into testicles rather than ovaries in the earlier separate process also triggered by their Y chromosome, will remain undescended in the place where the ovaries would have been. (wikipedia.org)
  • hormones
  • Experts found the painkillers reduce levels of key male sex hormones needed for healthy sperm. (nypost.com)
  • In tests on 31 young men, two-week use of the drug affected levels of crucial male hormones, including testosterone. (nypost.com)
  • testosterone
  • Testosterone imbalances can affect both men and women physically and emotionally and certain foods can help with these imbalances. (emaxhealth.com)