• Humans
  • Night blindness may be a feature of severe zinc deficiency, however most reports of night blindness and abnormal dark adaptation in humans with zinc deficiency have occurred in combination with other nutritional deficiencies (e.g. vitamin A). Impaired immune function in people with zinc deficiency can lead to the development of respiratory, gastrointestinal, or other infections, e.g., pneumonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malnutrition
  • Anemia, malnutrition and their correlations with socio-demographic characteristics and feeding practices among infants aged 0-18 months in rural areas of Shaanxi province in northwestern China: a cross-sectional study. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We conducted a cross-sectional study as the baseline survey to provide data for developing a policy-based approach to controlling infant anemia and malnutrition in rural areas of Shaanxi province in northwestern China. (biomedsearch.com)
  • RESULTS: We found that 35.12% of infants in rural Shaanxi suffered from anemia, and the malnutrition prevalence rates were 32.14% for underweight, 39.58% for stunting, and 11.31% for wasting. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Maternal
  • Low birth weight, more siblings, less maternal education, low family income, crowded living conditions, and inappropriate complementary food introduction significantly increased the risk for infant anemia. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A 2007 Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) review by Ip and colleagues evaluated the evidence on the association between breastfeeding and infant and maternal health outcomes. (ahrq.gov)
  • Further adjustment for maternal education, intelligence, social class, quality of the home environment and other potential confounding factors attenuated these associations but the relations between higher 'infant guidelines' diet score and full-scale and verbal IQ remained significant. (ox.ac.uk)
  • One of the most important types of memory is that which stores information contributing to the maternal bond between infant and mother. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • Although regulation of fat stores is deemed to be the primary function of leptin, it also plays a role in other physiological processes, as evidenced by its multiple sites of synthesis other than fat cells, and the multiple cell types beside hypothalamic cells that have leptin receptors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fetal
  • Learning language as an infant also requires fetal memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breast milk contains contents recognizable by the infant that they were exposed to through amniotic fluid (fluid that encompasses the fetus and is responsible for its nutrition in the womb) in the fetal stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • diet
  • Age and diet effects on fecal bile acids in infants. (biomedsearch.com)
  • For a standard deviation increase in 'infant guidelines' diet score at 6 or 12 months full-scale IQ rose by .18 (95% CI .04 to .31) of a standard deviation. (ox.ac.uk)
  • For a standard deviation increase in 'infant guidelines' diet score at 6 months verbal IQ rose by .14 (.01 to .27) of a standard deviation. (ox.ac.uk)
  • milk
  • To accurately determine milk composition and infant intake at 1 (n 17), 2 (n 17), 4 (n 17), 6 (n 15), 9 (n 6) and 12 (n 5) months of lactation, samples of fore- and hind-milk were collected from each breast at each feed over 24 h periods from an initial group of seventeen women. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The energy content of milk and the amount of energy delivered to the infant over 24 h were the same between breasts, but differed between women (P=0.0001). (biomedsearch.com)
  • These results show the individuality of milk composition and suggest that only a rigorous sampling routine that takes into account all levels of variation will allow the accurate determination of infant intake of fat, lactose, protein and energy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • status
  • Recent applications emphasize the development of increasingly sophisticated techniques to detect additional proteins, genetic material, and markers of nutritional status. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • Accordingly, amounts of fat (P=0.0008), lactose (P=0.0385) and protein (P=0.0173) delivered to the infant over 24 h also differed between breasts and women (P=0.0001). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Studies
  • Studies how found that people born during the months of late winter and early spring have a higher likelihood of developing schizophrenia, a phenomenon known as the seasonality effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brain
  • Taurine crosses the blood-brain barrier and has been implicated in a wide array of physiological phenomena including inhibitory neurotransmission, long-term potentiation in the striatum/hippocampus, membrane stabilization,[unreliable medical source? (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • Evidence also exists that the infant, when born, prefers its mother's smell from having memorized her scent as a fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • The International Association for the Study of Pain's widely used definition defines pain as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage", however, due to it being a complex, subjective phenomenon, defining pain has been a challenge. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • All infants underwent "catch-up," but weight and length were greater in infants in group A compared with groups B, C, or D. More rapid and complete "catch-up" was paralleled by increased total nonfat and fat mass (g) but not percentage of fat mass. (biomedsearch.com)
  • breastfed infants (n = 588) were enrolled as an observational reference group. (nih.gov)
  • function
  • Visual function in term infants with hypoxic-ischaemic insults: correlation with neurodevelopment at 2 years of age. (naver.com)
  • including memory function, which the infant cannot live without. (wikipedia.org)