• discharge
  • A watery discharge from the vagina may indicate premature rupture of the membranes that surround the baby. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some neonatologists, particularly those in academic settings, may follow infants for months or even years after hospital discharge to better assess the long-term effects of health problems early in life. (wikipedia.org)
  • incubator
  • In the mid-nineteenth century, the infant incubator was first developed, based on the incubators used for chicken eggs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dr. Stephane Tarnier is generally considered to be the father of the incubator (or isolette as it is now known), having developed it to attempt to keep premature infants in a Paris maternity ward warm. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1898 Dr. Joseph DeLee established the first premature infant incubator station in Chicago, Illinois. (wikipedia.org)
  • intensive care
  • The short bore length of this system provides easy access to the infants during scanning and allows us to study extremely preterm infants while maintaining the same level of intensive care as provided elsewhere in the neonatal unit. (ajnr.org)
  • While high infant mortality rates were recognized by the British medical community at least as early as the 1860s, modern neonatal intensive care is a relatively recent advance. (wikipedia.org)
  • outcome
  • No difference in short-term outcome and mortality was observed in extremely and very preterm infants when a dose of 15 ml/kg had been administered compared to a volume of 20 ml/kg bodyweight. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In sequel to our study on short-term outcome we also wanted to compare long-term outcome in the same group of extremely premature infants treated with different transfusion volumes but with otherwise comparable transfusion triggers and transfusion products. (biomedcentral.com)
  • births
  • In many countries rates of premature births have increased between the 1990s and 2010s. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is measured by the infant mortality rate (IMR), which is the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1000 live births. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study was conducted across 135 countries over the course of 11 years with Africa having the highest Infant Mortality Rate of any other region studied with 68 deaths per 1,000 live births. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Under-Five Mortality Rate is also an important statistic, considering the Infant Mortality Rate focuses only on children under one year of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the most common preventable causes of infant mortality is smoking during pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many factors contribute to infant mortality, such as the mother's level of education, environmental conditions, and political and medical infrastructure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Improving sanitation, access to clean drinking water, immunization against infectious diseases, and other public health measures can help reduce high rates of infant mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infant mortality rate was an indicator used to monitor progress towards the Fourth Goal of the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations for the year 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • Throughout the world, Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) fluctuates drastically, and according to Biotechnology and Health Sciences, education and life expectancy in the country is the leading indicator of IMR. (wikipedia.org)
  • This accounts for 40-60% of infant mortality in developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Causes of infant mortality directly lead to the death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Greatest percentage reduction of infant mortality occurs in countries that already have low rates of infant mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, a primary determinant of infant mortality risk is infant birth weight with lower birth weights increasing the risk of infant mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Causes of infant mortality that are related to medical conditions include: low birth weight, sudden infant death syndrome, malnutrition and infectious diseases, including neglected tropical diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low birth weight makes up 60-80% of the infant mortality rate in developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • For infants born weighing 2,500 g (5.5 lb) or less, the mortality rate rapidly increases with decreasing weight, and most of the infants weighing 1,000 g (2.2 lb) or less die. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infant mortality is higher in boys than girls in most parts of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fetus
  • Betamethasone, on the other hand, is preferred over dexamethasone because it is thought to have better prophylaxis of brain softening of premature fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Their competencies include the administration of high-risk medications, management of high-acuity patients requiring ventilator support, surgical care, resuscitation, advanced interventions such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or hypothermia therapy for neonatal encephalopathy procedures, as well as chronic-care management or lower acuity cares associated with premature infants such as feeding intolerance, phototherapy, or administering antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetal
  • This tone increases throughout the fetal growth period, meaning a more premature baby would have lesser muscle tone. (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • In 1983, 25 low-risk mother-infant pairs participated in a research project to predict the performance of 21 month olds on the Mental Scale of the Bayley Scale of Infant Development (BSID-1) from characteristics of infants and mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Questionnaires given assessed maternal responsive attitude during the prenatal period, the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale was administered at 5 and 10 days, and mothers and infants were observed together at 3 months. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mothers level of education, a responsive maternal attitude and 3-month smiling and eye contact was found to predict infant performance on the Mental Scale of the BSID-1, lending support to its validity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The syndrome is more frequent in infants of diabetic mothers and in the second born of premature twins. (wikipedia.org)
  • gastrointestinal
  • The trial was terminated by the Steering Committee when the interim analysis for the Data Safety and Monitoring Committee showed a higher rate of spontaneous gastrointestinal perforations in the dexamethasone-treated infants. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • oxygen
  • These protocols have resulted in the increasing rarity of seizures due to oxygen toxicity, with pulmonary and ocular damage being mainly confined to the problems of managing premature infants. (wikipedia.org)
  • transfusions
  • In premature born infants red blood cell (RBC) transfusions have been associated with both beneficial and detrimental sequels. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Despite the difference in transfusion volume in clinically comparable groups of infants, they received a similar number of transfusions (5.5 ± 3.2 versus 5.5 ± 2.3 respectively in Unit A and B). The total transfused volume in unit A was 79 ± 47 ml/kg and 108 ± 47 ml/kg in unit B (p = 0.02). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The hypothesis is that milking the umbilical cord before cutting the cord will lead to a higher hemoglobin concentration and decrease the need for blood transfusions in extremely preterm neonates compared to the current standard of immediately clamping the umbilical cord. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • syndrome
  • The major contributors to postneonatal death are malnutrition, infectious disease, troubled pregnancy, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and problems with the home environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patterson syndrome, also called pseudoleprechaunism, is an extremely rare syndrome, first mistaken as Donohue Syndrome (also known as Leprechaunism). (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Forty-nine percent of the infants in the study had died, 21 percent survived without disability, and the remainder experienced some disability. (webwire.com)
  • In this study, the cord will milked three times over about 10-20 seconds and the infant will be passed to the awaiting newborn medical team for routine care. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The aim of the present study was to compare MR images obtained before or immediately after death with subsequent findings at postmortem neuropathologic examination in order to clarify the histologic correlates of MR signals in these extremely preterm infants. (ajnr.org)
  • Ethical approval for the study of infants with MR imaging was obtained from the Hammersmith Hospitals Research Ethics Committee. (ajnr.org)