• Cranial Nerves
  • We wouldn't be able to talk, taste, chew, or swallow without the cranial nerves of our face and mouth. (study.com)
  • The compartments of each guttural pouch contain many important structures including several cranial nerves and arteries that lie directly against the pouch as they pass into and out of foramina in the caudal aspect of the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • arteries
  • The complete course of second branchial fistula begins near the anterior border of the SCM, tracks superiorly and laterally to the common carotid artery, passes medially between the external and internal carotid arteries, moves lateral and superior to the glossopharyngeal and hypoglossal nerves, and penetrates the middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle to open into the tonsillar fossa. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • efferent
  • The axons from the lower motor neurons are efferent nerve fibers that carry signals from the spinal cord to the effectors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term 'motor neuron' is usually restricted to the lower motor neurons, the efferent nerves that directly innervate muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • While these tracts exist for both efferent and afferent nerves, efferent nerves will carry signals down the spinal cord toward their effector target. (wikipedia.org)
  • reticular
  • The hypoglossal nucleus interacts with the reticular formation, involved in the control of several reflexive or automatic motions, and several corticonuclear originating fibers supply innervation aiding in unconscious movements relating to speech and articulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • peripheral nerve
  • Application of dexamethasone was found to induce an enhanced expression level of mRNA encoding the growth associated protein (GAP-43) after peripheral nerve injury. (semanticscholar.org)
  • axons
  • White matter tracts are bundles of axons and serve as means to propagate nerve impulses on a large scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • fifth
  • The nerve is first visible as a series of roots in the fourth week of development, which have formed a single nerve and link to the tongue by the fifth week. (wikipedia.org)
  • single nerve
  • An intraneural perineurioma is a rare benign tumor within the sheath of a single nerve that grows but typically does not recur or metastasize. (wikipedia.org)