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  • left
  • Cardiopathy resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart. (lexic.us)
  • blood
  • Angina generally refers to pain resulting from insufficient blood or oxygen supply to the heart muscle. (healthtap.com)
  • This can result from an obstruction to blood flow, increased demand for oxygen because of a overworking heart or insufficient blood ( anemia ). (healthtap.com)
  • stenotic
  • The heart is forced to pump blood with increased force to move blood through the narrowed or stiff (stenotic) valve(s). (rochester.edu)
  • citation needed] When the mitral valve area goes less than 1 cm2, there will be an increase in the left atrial pressures (required to push blood through the stenotic valve). (wikipedia.org)
  • The mechanism of subacute bacterial endocarditis could be due to malformed stenotic valves which in the company of bacteremia, become infected, via adhesion and subsequent colonization of the surface area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shortness
  • AS is caused by calcification and hardening of the aortic valve which impedes blood flow from the heart to the rest of the body leading to chest pain, loss of consciousness and shortness of breath. (healthcanal.com)
  • Signs of heart failure include shortness of breath especially when lying down, at night, or with exercise, and swelling of the legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • These might include: Shortness of breath Syncope (fainting) Angina, but only in the presence of ischemic heart disease A person suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy may have an enlarged heart, with pulmonary edema and an elevated jugular venous pressure and a low pulse pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • Taking into account that heart auscultation remains the dominant method for heart examination in the small health centers of the rural areas and generally in primary healthcare set-ups, the enhancement of this technique would aid significantly in the diagnosis of heart diseases. (springer.com)
  • At the Washington University and Barnes-Jewish Heart & Vascular Center, we understand the concern after a heart valve disease diagnosis. (barnesjewish.org)
  • Laboratory Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases: Essentials of Diagnostic Microbiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • aorta
  • Surgery may be required to repair the aorta or replace a heart valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes, no heart problems are apparent until the weakening of the connective tissue (cystic medial degeneration) in the ascending aorta causes an aortic aneurysm or aortic dissection, a surgical emergency. (wikipedia.org)
  • A left anterior-lateral thoracotomy is performed between the fifth and sixth ribs to expose the heart and provide access to the descending aorta. (wikipedia.org)
  • cardiac
  • We will focus only on drugs believed to prevent clinical, cardiac functional, or valve abnormalities or to delay surgery and will avoid discussion of anticoagulants and specific antiarrhythmics that might be appropriate in certain settings. (ahajournals.org)
  • As in all cardiac diseases, clinical manifestations in AS result from the combined mechanical effects of the structural valve abnormality and the myocardial response to the resulting mechanical stresses. (ahajournals.org)
  • Inherited ventricular arrhythmias are an important cause of morbidity and sudden cardiac death in children who have structurally normal hearts. (scoop.it)
  • If not treated, advanced heart valve disease can cause heart failure , stroke , blood clots, or death due to sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). (nih.gov)
  • They are the third most common type of primary tumor of the heart, behind cardiac myxomas and cardiac lipomas. (wikipedia.org)
  • A papillary fibroelastoma is generally considered pathologically benign, however outflow obstruction or embolism can be associated with syncope, chest pain, heart attack, stroke and sudden cardiac death. (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, chest pain or syncope may be due to transient occlusion of the left main coronary artery by the tumor, while a heart attack or sudden cardiac death may be due to embolization of a portion of the tumor into a coronary artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • This gradient may be increased by increases in the heart rate or cardiac output. (wikipedia.org)
  • One wonders whether any of the patients in either group in this analysis underwent any mechanical cardiac valve replacement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comprehensive assessment of a quadricuspid aortic valve and coronary arteries by multidetector cardiac CT. (wikipedia.org)
  • calcification
  • 3 Simultaneously, factors that may alter the progression of valve calcification and dysfunction, such as hypertension and lipid metabolism, have been increasingly elucidated. (ahajournals.org)
  • Subsequent demonstration of the similarity of cellular pathways leading to valve calcification and atherosclerotic plaque formation gave credence to the statin hypothesis. (ahajournals.org)
  • For example, from a single center in which coronary artery calcium was assessed in 620 asymptomatic patients, the 65 patients receiving statins manifested slower aortic valve (AV) calcification than those without statins. (ahajournals.org)
  • According to the study's lead investigators - from the RI-MUHC, Johns Hopkins University, Harvard University, Washington University, the University of Iceland and the US National Institutes of Health - the findings not only explain why heart valve calcification may run in families, but could also lead to the development of targeted medications that might slow the progression of valve disease and reduce the need for valve surgery in patients. (healthcanal.com)
  • Frequently used statin medications, which reduce the common form of cholesterol that clogs arteries, do not reduce Lp(a) or prevent aortic valve calcification. (healthcanal.com)
  • For this to happen we need to test whether lowering this type of cholesterol with other drugs slows valve calcification in a randomized clinical trial. (healthcanal.com)
  • Mitral valve disease can occur from infection, calcification, inherited collagen disease, or other causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • flaps
  • Prolapse" is when the flaps of the valve flop or bulge back into an upper heart chamber during a heartbeat. (smartdraw.com)
  • These valves have tissue flaps that open and close with each heartbeat. (nih.gov)
  • These valves may not have enough tissue flaps, they may be the wrong size or shape, or they may lack an opening through which blood can flow properly. (nih.gov)
  • surgery may include separating valve flaps that are fused together, replacing cords attached to the valves, removing extra tissue in the valves, or patching holes in the valve. (mainehealth.org)
  • The valves are tissue flaps that regulate the one-way flow of blood either into or out of the heart by opening and closing with each heartbeat. (hearthealthywomen.org)
  • TAVR
  • The TAVR often is performed on patients who are not suitable candidates for open heart procedures. (mainehealth.org)
  • syndrome
  • Information about mitral valve syndrome and related disorders, along with some pictures of how the valves work. (dmoztools.net)
  • Mitral Valve Prolapse: Benign Syndrome? (dmoztools.net)
  • A collection of resources relating to mitral valve prolapse syndrome/dysautonomia and this disease. (dmoztools.net)
  • The definitive treatment for Heyde's syndrome is surgical replacement of the aortic valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because underlying connective tissue abnormalities cause Marfan syndrome, there is an increased incidence of dehiscence of prosthetic mitral valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • Autosomal recessive (as found, for example, in Alström syndrome), X-linked (as in Duchenne muscular dystrophy), and mitochondrial inheritance of the disease is also found. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome is a variant of sick sinus syndrome in which the arrhythmia alternates between slow and fast heart rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sick sinus syndrome may also be associated with tachycardias (fast heart rate) such as atrial tachycardia (PAT) and atrial fibrillation. (wikipedia.org)
  • If so, one has to consider Skumin syndrome, described by Victor Skumin in 1978 as a "cardioprosthetic psychopathological syndrome" associated with mechanical heart valve implant and manifested by irrational fear, anxiety, depression and sleep disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disease, in which "antiphospholipid antibodies" (anticardiolipin antibodies and lupus anticoagulant) react against proteins that bind to anionic phospholipids on plasma membranes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The syndrome can be divided into primary (no underlying disease state) and secondary (in association with an underlying disease state) forms. (wikipedia.org)
  • endocarditis
  • These may involve changes in the structure or your valve due to a variety of diseases or infections, including rheumatic fever or endocarditis . (medicinenet.com)
  • Underlying structural valve disease is usually present in patients before developing subacute endocarditis, and is less likely to lead to septic emboli than is acute endocarditis, but subacute endocarditis has a relatively slow process of infection and, if left untreated, can worsen for up to one year before it is fatal. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical citation needed] In cases of subacute bacterial endocarditis, the causative organism (streptococcus viridans) needs a previous heart valve disease to colonize. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, in cases of acute bacterial endocarditis, the organism can colonize on the healthy heart valve, causing the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormal heart
  • Some people are born with abnormal heart valves. (barnesjewish.org)
  • Abnormal heart rhythms are often caused or worsened by medications such as digoxin, calcium channel blockers, beta-blockers, sympatholytic medications, and anti-arrhythmics. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can result in many abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), including sinus arrest, sinus node exit block, sinus bradycardia, and other types of bradycardia (slow heart rate). (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • The information in these booklets is intended for patients who have had or who will be facing heart valve surgery. (medtronic.com)
  • Always check with your doctor if you have questions about your heart valve surgery. (medtronic.com)
  • The two types of surgery are heart valve repair and heart valve replacement. (mainehealth.org)
  • 2 Elderly women also require special evaluation when considering valve replacement surgery because of their smaller hearts and the risks that come with advanced age. (hearthealthywomen.org)
  • U.S. News & World Report has recognized our cardiology and heart surgery team as one of the best in the nation. (barnesjewish.org)
  • Our hope is to eventually prevent valve disease with medication and reduce the need for surgery. (healthcanal.com)
  • Mitral valve surgery can now also be performed robotically although the procedure may take longer. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, there are some whose heart functions are too weak to withstand surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-surgical approaches to treat heart valve disease without surgery are divided into three categories: Clinical Practice treatment (this is used in every day clinical practice), Investigational treatment (current clinical studies that are underway), Early Development treatment (early stages of investigation). (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients having mitral valve surgery receive general anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • With mitral valve replacement surgery, there are risks such as bleeding, infection or reaction to anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuropsychological and psychopathologic changes following mitral valve replacement surgery have been recognized from the very beginning of modern heart surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The typical method of treatment is through surgery such as aortic valve reconstruction surgery (AVRS) and aortic valve replacement, usually with a synthetic valve. (wikipedia.org)