• sulci
  • Lissencephaly (smooth brain) is a rare congenital brain malformation caused by defective neuronal migration during the 12th to 24th weeks of fetal gestation resulting in a lack of development of gyri and sulci. (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavior
  • This, in addition to the fact that the cingulum is a central structure in learning to correct mistakes, indicates that the cingulum is involved in appraisal of pain and reinforcement of behavior that reduces it. (wikipedia.org)
  • folds
  • The gyri are part of a system of folds and ridges that create a larger surface area for the human brain and other mammalian brains. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathology
  • White matter pathology of the cingulum represents one of the earliest changes in development of age-related dementia and is currently aiding researchers worldwide to discover more about this relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • rostral
  • Also variations in microstructure of a group of fibers in the rostral cingulum have been shown to be extremely sensitive to performance of cognitive control tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • superior
  • gyrus temporalis superior Middle temporal gyrus, lat. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are major white matter pathway connections with the superior parietal lobule such as the Cingulum, SLF I, superior parietal lobule connections of the Middle longitudinal fasciculus and other newly described superior parietal white matter connections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurons
  • Neurons of the cingulum receive afferent fibers from the parts of the thalamus that are associated with the spinothalamic tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major
  • This was derived from the hypothesis of James Papez who thought that the cingulum was a major component of an anatomic circuit believed to play a significant role in emotion. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • The cingulum was one of the earliest identified brain structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of its location, the cingulum is very important to brain structure connectivity and the integration of information that it receives. (wikipedia.org)