• molecules
  • The proteases help cleave off the remaining peptide residues to produce individual amino acids, ready to be converted into usable molecules for either glycolysis or the TCA cycle, to produce energy for the organisms, or to be used to create new proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • mitochondrial
  • During the initial phases of glycolysis and the TCA cycle, cofactors such as NAD+ donate and accept electrons that aid in the electron transport chain's ability to produce a proton gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dichloroacetic acid (DCA), a small-molecule inhibitor of mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, "downregulates" glycolysis in vitro and in vivo. (wikipedia.org)
  • phases
  • The entire glycolysis pathway can be separated into two phases: The Preparatory/Investment Phase - wherein ATP is consumed The Pay Off Phase - wherein ATP is produced. (wikipedia.org)