• genomic
  • Overall, our study provides comprehensive transcriptomic and chloroplast genomic resources, which will be valuable for future evolutionary studies of Dipteronia . (frontiersin.org)
  • Building a model: developing genomic resources for common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) with low coverage genome sequencing. (nih.gov)
  • This study explored how low coverage genome sequencing of the common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca L.) could be useful in characterizing the genome of a plant without prior genomic information and for development of genomic resources as a step toward further developing A. syriaca as a model in ecology and evolution. (nih.gov)
  • In addition, chloroplast genomic data were used to evaluate phylogenetic hypotheses in the Chlorophyta. (wordpress.com)
  • plastids
  • Plastids, the most notable being the chloroplast, which contains chlorophyll, a green-colored pigment that absorbs sunlight, and allows the plant to make its own food in the process known as photosynthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organelle
  • Berkeley - As biologists try to tease out the finer details of the green plant family tree, one key may lie in the cellular organelle - the chloroplast - that makes green plants green. (berkeley.edu)
  • plastomes
  • Here we use Orychophragmus (Brassicaceae) as a model system to test the hypothesis that the whole chloroplast genomes (plastomes), with accumulation of more variations despite the slow evolution, can overcome these weaknesses. (frontiersin.org)
  • eukaryotic
  • Both contain small, circular DNA molecules that constitute the nonnuclear portion of a eukaryotic genome. (jrank.org)
  • Like eukaryotic genomes, they are subject to structural changes such as inversion, transposition or translocation, as well as gene loss and (more rarely) gene gain. (beds.ac.uk)
  • List of sequenced eukaryotic genomes List of sequenced bacterial genomes List of sequenced archaeal genomes Moore MJ, Soltis PS, Bell CD, Burleigh JG, Soltis DE (2010). (wikipedia.org)
  • nucleus
  • Most DNA in an individual genome is found in chromosomes but DNA found outside the nucleus also serves important biological functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to DNA found outside the nucleus in cells, infection of viral genomes also provides an example of extrachromosomal DNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterial
  • These siphonous macroalgae are composed of a single giant tubular cell containing millions of nuclei and chloroplasts, and harbor diverse bacterial communities. (wordpress.com)
  • The linear plasmids with a covalently attached protein may assist with bacterial conjugation and integration of the plasmids into the genome. (wikipedia.org)
  • gene order
  • Genome rearrangements influence gene order and configuration of gene clusters in all genomes. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Simulations and experimental evidence suggest that both selective maintenance and directional selection for gene clusters are determinants of chloroplast gene order. (beds.ac.uk)
  • When comparing gene orders among related species, it is possible to estimate the ancestral genome and to simulate a null distribution for changes in gene order using a model. (beds.ac.uk)
  • reinhardtii
  • The genome of C. reinhardtii has been shown to contain N6-Methyldeoxyadenosine (6mA), a mark common in prokaryotes but much rarer in eukaryotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • GenBank
  • The chloroplast genome of A. syriaca is 158,598 bp [GenBank:JF excluding two small, unresolved regions that were not able to be assembled or Sanger sequenced due to polynucleotide stretches (rps8-rpl14 intergenic spacer and ψycf1), and has an inverted repeat (IR) of 25,401 bp (Figure 1). (nih.gov)
  • maternal
  • However, transmission of the paternal chloroplast alleles can be increased markedly by certain pretreatments of the maternal parent prior to mating. (springer.com)
  • As zygospores age prior to induction of meiosis, they display decreased biparental transmission of chloroplast alleles and increased transmission of chloroplast alleles from only the maternal or paternal parent. (springer.com)
  • This random survey of the ct genomes of these species points out E. indica as one of the genome donors (maternal genome donor) of domesticated finger millet contrary to a previous cytogenetic study. (genetics.org)
  • rearrangements
  • Unless selection is acting to maintain or promote gene clusters, gene orders in genomes subjected to rearrangements should become randomized with respect to function or co-expression profiles. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Plant
  • Both chloroplasts and mitochondria originated more than a billion years ago, when bacteria colonized early single-celled organisms, establishing a symbiotic relationship that has allowed plant cells to get energy from sunlight and both plant and animal cells to produce energy efficiently. (berkeley.edu)
  • To date, only two entire plant genomes have been sequenced - a plant called Arabadopsis thaliana from the mustard family and rice - and JGI is at work on a third, the poplar tree. (berkeley.edu)
  • morphological
  • The reason behind the separation was in order to create a group that correctly organizes their established morphological characteristics such as their rigid, flat, leaf-shape and small discoid chloroplasts with absent pyrenoids. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • Data from the already sequenced genomes have not yet been analyzed comparatively," said Mishler, who specializes in the study of mosses and other bryophytes. (berkeley.edu)
  • whole
  • This sequencing by synthesis method gained popularity, and is currently regarded as the most widely used platform to replace conventional Sanger sequencing technique, despite its comparatively low multiplexing capability of samples, as it offers several key advantages: it is automated, quick, highly accurate, capable of sequencing multiple strands simultaneously via massive parallel sequencing, and economically cheaper in case of whole genome sequencing. (wikipedia.org)