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  • ascomycota
  • Elias Magnus Fries introduced the name Gasteromycetes for a class of fungi in his Systema Mycologicum of 1821, although (not using a microscope) he included many species of the Ascomycota (such as truffles) within the class. (wikipedia.org)
  • The red yeast rice fungus, Monascus purpureus, can synthesize lovastatin, mevastatin, and the simvastatin precursor monacolin J. Zaragozic acids were isolated from ascomycota. (wikipedia.org)
  • tooth fungus
  • The Mealy Tooth, Hydnellum ferrugineum Dentate hymenophore of Hydnochaete olivacea Hydnoid-poroid hymenophore of Irpex lacteus The Bear's Head Tooth Fungus, Hericium americanum http://www.indexfungorum.org/Names/names.asp?strGenus=Hydnum Maas Geesteranus RA. (wikipedia.org)
  • mycology
  • In amateur mushroom hunting, and to a large degree in academic mycology as well, identification of higher fungi is based on the features of the sporocarp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fruitbodies
  • Epigeous sporocarps that are visible to the naked eye, especially fruitbodies of a more or less agaricoid morphology, are often referred to as mushrooms, while hypogeous fungi are usually called truffles or false truffles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Australia's ascomycetes include some large and conspicuous fungi, but the fruitbodies produced by most species are less than about 1 cm in their largest dimension. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • The family of fungi known collectively as 'earthtongues' are aptly named. (arkive.org)
  • Some coprophilous fungi are also known to grow from the dung of omnivores (such as Chaetomium globisporum from rat droppings) or even carnivores (such as Chaetomium rajasthanense, from tiger feces). (wikipedia.org)
  • As a group, the cyphelloid fungi are cosmopolitan, though (as with most fungi) better studied and better known in north temperate regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Little is known about ecology of ambrosia fungi, as well as about their specificity to ambrosia beetle species. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a 2011 estimate, gasteroid fungi comprise about 8.4% of the known Agaricomycetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fungi, the sporocarp (also known as fruiting body, fruit body or fruitbody) is a multicellular structure on which spore-producing structures, such as basidia or asci, are borne. (wikipedia.org)
  • population size, lifespan, spatial distribution and population dynamics are poorly known for most fungi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Little is known about aboriginal cultural traditions involving fungi, or about aboriginal use of fungi apart from a few species such as Blackfellow's bread (Laccocephalum mylittae). (wikipedia.org)
  • Partly because of their importance in forestry, species associated with Eucalyptus trees have received considerable attention and, with hundreds known to be associated with some of the more studied tree species, it is clear that these fungi form a huge, complex and important component of Australia's forests. (wikipedia.org)
  • truffle
  • The Species Survival Commission of the IUCN has five specialist groups dealing with the conservation of fungi: Chytrid, Zygomycete, Downy Mildew and Slime Mold Specialist Group Cup-fungus, Truffle and Ally Specialist Group Lichen Specialist Group Mushroom, Bracket and Puffball Specialist Group Rust and Smut Specialist Group Lack of knowledge is considered a major concern with a general paucity of comprehensive checklists, even for developed nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • isolates
  • In contrast, isolates of its close relative, Aspergillus nidulans , revealed it to be the anamorphic stage of a teleomorph (the ascocarp or fruiting body of the sexual reproductive stage of a fungus), which was already named Emericella nidulans . (wikipedia.org)
  • algae
  • Until 1981, this book was the starting point for the naming of Gasteromycetes under the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • flourish
  • It was surmised that this was because the salinity was lower in the estuaries and creeks where Nypa grew, and so it required a lesser degree of adaptation for the fungi to flourish there. (wikipedia.org)
  • mycorrhizal
  • Some research shows that the functional surface area of roots in symbiotic relationship with mycorrhizal fungi is increased by as much as 700 percent. (independent.com)
  • jelly
  • Not being knowledgable in the identification of them, I can't say what they were, except that I saw gilled and pore types, puffballs, and perhaps one white jelly fungus. (bio.net)
  • The ear-pick fungus and other species of Auriscalpium (Russulales) are hydnoid, as is the odd jelly fungus Pseudohydnum gelatinosum (Auriculariales). (wikipedia.org)
  • monograph
  • Is anyone aware of a monograph on the fungi of the arctic, or more specifically, of Baffin, and can point me in the correct direction? (bio.net)
  • John Burton Cleland conducted the first systematic review of Australian fungi in a landmark monograph of fungal specimens at the South Australian Herbarium. (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • The largest percentage of the body of these fabulous fungi lives in the soil and is composed of fragile, nearly microscopic threads. (independent.com)
  • Desert fungi are a variety of terricolous fungi inhabiting the biological soil crust of arid regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1997
  • These were reworked and published in 1997 as Larger Fungi of Southern Australia by contemporary mycologist Cheryl Grgurinovic, though funding only allowed the publication of a volume on larger fungi. (wikipedia.org)
  • mushroom
  • 2005). The phylogenetic distribution of resupinate forms across the major clades of mushroom-forming fungi (Homobasidiomycetes). (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristics
  • In addition, there are a number of edible imperfect fungi, including the ones that provide the distinctive characteristics of Roquefort and Camembert cheese . (wikipedia.org)
  • We often think of mushrooms and other fungi as being plants because they do share several of the characteristics of plants, but they are not plants at all. (hubpages.com)
  • Fungi share many characteristics with plants, but they are not plants. (hubpages.com)
  • Some characteristics of ammonia fungi 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • Fungi are an enormous group of organisms that are neither plants nor animals. (arkive.org)
  • Went for a walk in the local woods yesterday(version 2) and found this little group of fungi ,but do not know what it is called, can any one help me please? (ephotozine.com)
  • KatieR has commented on the Books or websites for id topic in the Fungi fun group. (ephotozine.com)
  • Eviscera has joined the Fungi fun group. (ephotozine.com)
  • in the Fungi fun group. (ephotozine.com)
  • Several gasteroid fungi-such as the stinkhorn, Phallus impudicus L.-were formally described by Linnaeus in his original Species Plantarum of 1753, but the first critical treatment of the group was by Christiaan Hendrik Persoon in his Synopsis methodica fungorum of 1801. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since they are often studied as a group, it is convenient to retain the informal (non-taxonomic) name of "clavarioid fungi" and this term is frequently used in research papers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parasites of plants and other fungi are also found in the group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most of Australia's lichen-forming fungi belong in this group. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • The components of a fungi band or "scratch band" include: Ukulele Banjo bongos Guitar double bass or Bass Guitar Keyboard Calabash Washboard Triangle (musical instrument) Saxophone Themes explored in fungi music include love and relationship, folklore, the basis of Virgin Islander oral history, on topics ranging from church life to smuggling rum as well as current events and social commentary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current threats to fungi include destruction of forests worldwide, fragmentation of habitat, changes in land use, pollution, anthropogenic climate change and over-exploitation of commercially attractive species. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1753
  • Although the starting point was subsequently put back to 1753, names of gasteroid fungi used in Persoon's book are still sanctioned and cannot be replaced by earlier names. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic
  • Phylogenetic trees constructed from comparative analyses of DNA sequences , such as rRNA , or multigene phylogenies may be used to infer relationships between asexually reproducing fungi and their sexually reproducing counterparts. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2007) A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi. (wikipedia.org)