• fMRI
  • Common methods of functional neuroimaging include Positron emission tomography (PET) Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) Electroencephalography (EEG) Magnetoencephalography (MEG) Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) PET, fMRI and fNIRS can measure localized changes in cerebral blood flow related to neural activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • FMRI and PET enable creation of functional connectivity maps of distinct spatial distributions of temporally correlated brain regions called functional networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • This can be done noninvasively in humans by combining transcranial magnetic stimulation with one of the neuroimaging tools such as PET, fMRI, or EEG. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previous studies which assess brain function in adults with autism using a technique called functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have defined the neural circuitry involved in a range of cognitive and psychological processes. (autismspeaks.org)
  • Finally, by defining functional brain phenotypes using fMRI, these studies have the potential to help differentiate subtypes of the autism spectrum, and provide clues into other causes of this disorder. (autismspeaks.org)
  • As advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have transformed the study of human brain function, they have also widened the divide between standard research techniques used in humans and those used in mouse models. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • As advances in functional MRI have transformed the study of human brain function, they have also widened the divide between standard research techniques used in humans and those used in mice, where high quality images are difficult to obtain using fMRI given the small volume of the mouse brain. (wustl.edu)
  • GABA can be detected non-invasively using 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). We have recently shown that individuals with more GABA in occipital cortex tend to give smaller responses to visual stimuli as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), suggesting that individual differences between healthy subjects may be a useful tool to investigate the mechanisms underlying the fMRI response. (grantome.com)
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a very powerful method that is used by scientists to see which areas of the brain are used to perform different tasks, and to look for functional differences between the brains of healthy subjects and patients. (grantome.com)
  • Diffusion Tensor imaging - DTI and voxel-based morphometry -VBM) and functional MRI (fMRI) defines a novel investigational platform that we have successfully employed to describe the intrinsic organization of the mouse brain in unprecedented detail. (iit.it)
  • This research leverages on the use of resting-state fMRI to obtain an integrated portrayal of the macroscale mouse functional connectome, i.e. the complex network of elements and connections that govern and compose the brain at the macroscale. (iit.it)
  • By using fMRI in transgenic mouse lines mouse we have begun to establish causal relationships between genetic ASD-related mutations, neurodevelopmental processes and functional connectivity alterations. (iit.it)
  • Entropy analysis of resting-state functional MRI (R-fMRI) is a novel approach to characterize brain temporal dynamics and facilitates the identification of abnormal brain activity caused by several disease conditions. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • He is best known for publishing a scientific paper in 2006 in the journal Science showing that some patients, thought to be in a vegetative state, are in fact fully aware and (shown subsequently) able to communicate with the outside world using techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG). (wikipedia.org)
  • Positron
  • Functional neuroimaging, such as single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET), initially showed promise in their ability to improve the diagnostic credibility of MTBI. (jaapl.org)
  • The overselling of SPECT or positron emission tomography (PET) neuroimaging by lawyers is a serious potential evidentiary concern in the civil litigation of MTBI. (jaapl.org)
  • studies
  • What I want to talk about now is about functional neuroimaging studies. (coursera.org)
  • Functional neuroimaging studies have to be carefully designed and interpreted with care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neuroimaging studies have produced seemingly contradictory findings in regards to the pathophysiology of insomnia. (mdpi.com)
  • Although most study results are interpreted from the perspective of a "hyperarousal" model, the aggregate findings from neuroimaging studies suggest a more complex model is needed. (mdpi.com)
  • We provide a review of the major findings from neuroimaging studies, then discuss them in relation to a heuristic model of sleep-wake states that involves three major factors: wake drive, sleep drive, and level of conscious awareness. (mdpi.com)
  • Over the past decade, that promise has not been fulfilled and there is a paucity of quality studies or standards for the application of functional neuroimaging to traumatic brain injury, particularly in litigation. (jaapl.org)
  • The medical literature on functional neuroimaging and its applications to MTBI is weak scientifically, sparse in quality publications, lacking in well-designed controlled studies, and currently does not meet the complete standards of Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals , Inc ., for introduction of scientific evidence at trial. (jaapl.org)
  • Neuroimaging and postmortem studies have found abnormalities in a variety of brain regions, although most commonly implicated regions include the ventral prefrontal cortex and amygdala. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies of bipolar disorder, particularly neuroimaging studies, are vulnerable to the confounding effects such as medication, comorbidity, and small sample size, leading to underpowered independent studies, and significant heterogeneity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, neuroimaging studies that have compared monolinguals, unimodal bilinguals, and bimodal bilinguals provide evidence that deaf signers exhibit brain activation in patterns different than those of hearing signers, especially in regards to the left superior temporal sulcus. (wikipedia.org)
  • detect
  • His 2006 paper in the journal Science demonstrated that functional neuroimaging could be used to detect awareness in a patient who was incapable of generating any recognised behavioural response and appeared to be in a vegetative state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical
  • Mark D. Allen, Tyler E. Owens, Alina K. Fong, and Douglas R. Richards, "A Functional Neuroimaging Analysis of the Trail Making Test-B: Implications for Clinical Application," Behavioural Neurology , vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 159-171, 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • The Laboratories and the Division also remain at the forefront of investigative and clinical excellence in other areas such as sickle cell encephalopathy, pediatric brain tumors, pediatric epilepsy, storage diseases, fetal neurotoxicity and functional neuroimaging. (giblinlab.org)
  • connectivity
  • A direct method to measure functional connectivity is to observe how stimulation of one part of the brain will affect other areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • They reported that in non-REM sleep, although the brain responds vigorously to stimulation, functional connectivity is much attenuated from its level during wakefulness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent wide field-of-view implementations of OIS have provided efficient maps of functional connectivity from spontaneous brain activity in mice. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • 6 , 7 Most recently, OIS has been applied with wide field-of-view (FOV) to monitor functional connectivity in cases of disease 8 , 9 and development 10 in the mouse brain. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • As part of this effort, we provided the first demonstration of the presence of distributed resting-state functional connectivity networks in the mouse brain including a plausible homologue of the human salience and default mode network (DMN). (iit.it)
  • relation
  • The revised Handbook is an extraordinarily valuable resource for psychologists, neuroscientists, and all others interested in the ways that neuroimaging is illuminating the relation between mind and brain. (mit.edu)
  • provides
  • This essential resource on neuroimaging provides an accessible and user-friendly introduction to the field written by leading researchers. (mit.edu)
  • auditory
  • The results revealed that the level of auditory processing in coma may be predictive of subsequent functional recovery. (uwo.ca)
  • provide
  • They provide further convincing arguments based on Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals , Inc. , 2 that SPECT neuroimaging should not be admitted in court as a stand-alone diagnostic test in an effort to prove or disprove the existence of MTBI. (jaapl.org)
  • activity
  • Functional neuroimaging is the use of neuroimaging technology to measure an aspect of brain function, often with a view to understanding the relationship between activity in certain brain areas and specific mental functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • They will use functional MRI and EEGs to image and measure the activity of specific brain regions in autistic subjects during visual problem solving and reasoning tests. (autismspeaks.org)
  • We are interested in understanding how large scale functional activity and network dynamics originate, develop and govern behavioural states. (iit.it)
  • important
  • They contribute important information to the controversies that exist in the application of functional neuroimaging to mild traumatic brain injury cases in civil litigation. (jaapl.org)
  • Increased surface area is thought to be important because it allows for the addition and evolution of a greater diversity of functional modules, or areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Books
  • 3 I performed a Google search on the topic, SPECT neuroimaging in traumatic brain injury, and the search returned almost as many Web sites and citations by legal firms as in articles or books covering the science of SPECT. (jaapl.org)
  • function
  • Finally, in his conclusion, Michael Posner considers what we have achieved so far with neuroimaging, and looks to the future and the next steps in our quest to understand brain function. (abebooks.co.uk)