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  • study
  • Excluded from the study were 16 patients who had fractures that were not fully displaced, 4 who were outside of the eligible age range, 1 who had insufficient radiographs, and 10 who had insufficient follow-up. (healio.com)
  • This study prospectively evaluates the first 50 ETS hemiarthroplasties performed as a primary treatment for fractured neck of femur at Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital. (bjmp.org)
  • rigid
  • The external rings are linked to each other by threaded rods and hinges that allow to move the position of the bone fragments without opening the fracture site, then the fragments can be fixed in rigid position until complete healing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rigid fixation prevents micro-motion across lines of fracture to enable healing and prevent infection, which happens when implants such as plates (e.g. dynamic compression plate) are used. (wikipedia.org)
  • reduction
  • One alignment hole is configured for aligning the plate during an osteotomy procedure, while other alignment holes are configured for use after fracture reduction and receive K-wires to temporarily stabilize the fracture and secure the plate to the bone and determine whether pegs inserted through adjacent respective peg holes will be properly located before drilling relatively larger holes for such pegs. (google.com)
  • Open reduction refers to open surgery to set bones, as is necessary for some fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Atkinson, R. N. (February 1992), "Percutaneous kirschner wire stabilisation following closed reduction of colles' fractures", The Journal of Hand Surgery: British & European Volume, 17 (1): 55-62, doi:10.1016/0266-7681(92)90012-q Clayer, M. (wikipedia.org)
  • minimally
  • Non displaced or minimally displaced fracture can also be treated with percutaneous or minimal incision surgery which if performed correctly has a high union rate, low morbidity and faster return to activity than closed cast management. (wikipedia.org)
  • plate
  • A fixation plate includes a set of threaded peg holes adapted to individually receive fixation pegs therethrough and non-threaded alignment holes having a relatively smaller diameter than the peg holes and preferably sized to closely receive a K-wire. (google.com)
  • each of said first set of peg holes is structurally adapted to engage the threaded head of one of the fixation pegs with a threaded head and retain the fixation pegs in a fixed angle relationship with said plate. (google.com)
  • Finite element-derived surrogate models of locked plate fracture fixation biomechanics. (springer.com)
  • cervical
  • For example, if your search for "hangman's fracture" yields no matches, try "cervical fracture" instead. (prenateperl.com)
  • Flail chest and first rib fractures are high-energy injuries and should prompt investigation of damage to underlying viscera (e.g., lung contusion) or remotely (e.g., cervical spine injury). (wikipedia.org)
  • implants
  • Two major disadvantages of these materials are their extreme stiffness, which causes stress shielding of the underlying bone, and the necessity, in a significant number of cases, of removing metallic implants after fracture healing is complete. (semanticscholar.org)
  • compression
  • The device for fracture fixation comprises a "tendon" (i.e, a tensionable wire) least one deformable element at the focus of the fracture, with the tendon and the deformable element being disposed almost parallel, whereby the device further comprises compression means to apply a compression force to the deformable element(s), so that the deformable element(s) deform(s) laterally. (google.co.uk)
  • Fractures of scaphoid can occur either with direct axial compression or with hyperextension of the wrist, such as a fall on the palm on an outstretched hand (FOOSH). (wikipedia.org)
  • bone formation
  • While the bone formation usually spans the entire duration of the healing process, in some instances, bone marrow within the fracture has healed two or fewer weeks before the final remodeling phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • Spontaneous fractures in athletes generally require a cessation of the cause, e.g., time off rowing, while maintaining cardiovascular fitness. (wikipedia.org)
  • In those in whom the fracture remains well aligned a cast is generally sufficient. (wikipedia.org)
  • although it is generally accepted to use a short arm or short arm thumb spica for non displaced fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injuries
  • therefore the presence of rib fractures in children is evidence of a significant amount of force and may indicate severe thoracic injuries such as pulmonary contusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • knee
  • Because this fracture is so close to a joint, and so frequently involves a partial fracture in the knee bone as well, it frequently can lead to other difficulties, including long-term arthritis. (northwell.edu)
  • implant
  • Successful fracture healing, as well as implant survival, is dependent on three-dimensional biomechanics as the patient resumes activity. (springer.com)
  • External
  • Clayton Parkhill of Denver, Colorado and Albine Lambotte of Antwerp, Belgium independently invented the modern concept of unilateral external fixation, in 1894 and 1902, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • adjacent
  • Remodeling phase v. Remodeling to original bone contour After fracture, the first change seen by light and electron microscopy is the presence of blood cells within the tissues adjacent to the injury site. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • While for elderly individuals a fall can cause a rib fracture, in adults automobile accidents are a common event for such an injury. (wikipedia.org)