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  • PROGRAMS
  • Pandey, A. 2004-09-28 00:00:00 Indian Family Planning programs in the past haveintroduced a number of approaches such as providingmonetary benefits, and motivational programs toimprove contraceptive use among rural illiteratewomen. (deepdyve.com)
  • The results of this study suggestthat motivational programs are more likely to improvelong term use of temporary family planning methodsthan cash incentive programs. (deepdyve.com)
  • One implication of ourfinding is that motivational programs should provide peer based family planning education and training incommunity work to contact persons who make door todoor visits to promote family planning programs. (deepdyve.com)
  • Indian Family Planning programs in the past haveintroduced a number of approaches such as providingmonetary benefits, and motivational programs toimprove contraceptive use among rural illiteratewomen. (deepdyve.com)
  • Evaluators said one of the chosen programs lacked "detail on key program areas, had no plan on how objectives will be met and even lacked resumes for key staff, including the program director. (wordpress.com)
  • During this period, he was responsible for leading the health policy dialog and strategy development for client countries as well as managing several programs and projects amounting to about $2.5 billion in more than 20 countries in three world regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • He started his career working as a junior demographer at the National Population Council (Egypt) from 1987 until joining the Cairo Demographic Center in 1992 to study for two diplomas in demography and population and development, then a Master of Philosophy in Demography in 1995 with specialization in family planning programs and population policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Registration with Hukou is necessary for the child to acquire the citizenship needed for specific benefits and programs under the One-child policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Until the 1960s, the government encouraged families to have as many children as possible because of Mao's belief that population growth empowered the country, preventing the emergence of family planning programs earlier in China's development. (wikipedia.org)
  • While population planning can involve measures that improve people's lives by giving them greater control of their reproduction, a few programs, most notably the Chinese government's "one-child policy", have resorted to coercive measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In late July 2012, Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei described Iran's contraceptive services as "wrong," and Iranian authorities are slashing birth-control programs in what one Western newspaper (USA Today) describes as a "major reversal" of its long standing policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1980
  • It was introduced from the 1950s "recommendation", and evolved to the one-child policy introduced between 1978 and 1980 and began to be formally phased out in 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • The policy was formally implemented as a temporary measure on September 18, 1980. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning in 1980, official policy granted local officials the flexibility to make exceptions and allow second children in the case of "practical difficulties" (such as cases in which the father is a disabled serviceman) or when both parents are single children, and some provinces had other exemptions worked into their policies as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • United Nati
  • Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, head of the United Nations Population Fund told attendees, "Family planning is oxygen-it is a right to get it. (wordpress.com)
  • He also worked for part-time or provided short-term consultancies to several organizations including Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), Harvard Kennedy School of Government, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Management Sciences for Health (MSH), International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), and the World Health Organization (WHO). (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000
  • Blaikie, PM and Sadeque, Z. (2000) Policy in High Places: Environment and Development in the Himalayas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The desire for China to expand and grow economically following the Cultural Revolution became the driving force behind the One-Child policy because such a goal could not be achieved without slowing population growth and limiting the population to 1.1-1.2 billion by 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • Basically the family floater plan provides coverage to the insured, his/her spouse and children, but there are some plans available which offer coverage to your siblings, parents, and in-laws as well. (click2cover.in)
  • Family planning may involve consideration of the number of children a woman wishes to have, including the choice to have no children, as well as the age at which she wishes to have them. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term denotes children born outside the One child policy, or generally children who are not registered in the national household registration system. (wikipedia.org)
  • These incentives and penalties were used to regulate the number of children allowed and spacing between those children should the family be allowed to have a second child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other exceptions include families where both parents are only children or occupy dangerous jobs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the One Child Policy and a cultural preference for male over female children, some Chinese women are known to give birth to female children in secret, hoping that a later child will be male. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, families with children with disabilities have different policies and families whose first child suffers from physical disability, mental illness, or intellectual disability were allowed to have more children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children born in overseas countries were not counted under the policy if they do not obtain Chinese citizenship. (wikipedia.org)
  • Population planning that is intended to reduce a population or sub-population's growth rates may promote or enforce one or more of the following practices, although there are other methods as well: Higher taxation of parents who have "excess" children Contraception Abstinence Reducing infant mortality so that parents do not need to have many children to ensure at least some survive to adulthood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Realizing "the costs of this burgeoning population were going to far exceed its capacity to provide adequate food, education, housing and employment", Iran's government "declared that Islam favored families with only two children", as one historian put it. (wikipedia.org)
  • A call for a reversal of Iran's existing policy of "two children is enough" came in October 2006, when President Ahmadinejad called for an increase in Iran's population from 70 to 120 million. (wikipedia.org)
  • A graphic illustration of the enormous social gulf in this field is the fact[citation needed] that a Spanish family would need to have 57 children to enjoy the same financial support as a family with 3 children in Luxembourg. (wikipedia.org)
  • Economic Policy
  • In the past, he served on the advisory board of several institutions including the MENA Health Policy Forum, the Harvard Arab Alumni Association, and the Institute for Social and Economic Policy in the Middle East at Harvard University. (wikipedia.org)
  • and the Middle East Fellowship (1990) from the Institute for Social and Economic Policy in the Middle East, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. (wikipedia.org)
  • welfare
  • Under the Ammanpettai family welfare program,the Melatur PHC administered three program typesinvolving a combination of monetary and motivationalapproaches to improve contraceptive use in threetreatment areas. (deepdyve.com)
  • The word "welfare" was incorporated in 1977 and we had the new term "Family Welfare Planning. (indiatogether.org)
  • The word 'welfare' was meant to introduce quality-oriented programmes because till then, all family planning strategies had been admittedly targeted at quantity. (indiatogether.org)
  • AIDS
  • His contribution to development has been in four areas: Environment Agrarian Change AIDS and family planning political ecology Blaikie was born in wartime Scotland, in Helensburgh. (wikipedia.org)
  • greatly
  • Researchers argue that increasing women's education and women's employment opportunities can help decrease the number of missing women, but the effects of these policy solutions differ greatly between countries due to differing levels of ingrained sexism between cultures. (wikipedia.org)
  • services
  • Being excluded from the family register (in effect, a birth certificate), they do not legally exist and as a result cannot access most public services, such as education and health care, and do not receive protection under the law. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the health section, details about insurance coverage, availability of medical facilities, curative care and illness information with associated time and money costs, preventive care with a focus on immunizations, and use of family planning and other preventive services were obtained. (wikipedia.org)
  • contraception
  • WASHINGTON, DC (C-FAM) The same week U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told a conference in Senegal that family planning is a "basic right," the U. S. Congress was investigating the Obama administration's rejection of a highly qualified group to receive a grant to help trafficking victims because it does not offer contraception and abortion. (wordpress.com)
  • Family planning is sometimes used as a synonym or euphemism for access to and the use of contraception. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on a National Family Health Survey conducted in 1992-1993, 7.1% of married women (aged 15-19) use contraception, compared to 21% among women (aged 20-24). (wikipedia.org)
  • China
  • The family planning policy, which is based on the two-child policy and the one-child policy, is a population planning policy of China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although 76% of Chinese supported the policy in 2008, it is controversial outside of China. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 29 October 2015, it was reported that the existing law would be changed to a two-child policy, citing a statement from the Communist Party of China. (wikipedia.org)
  • A historical perspective on women's health in China entails examining the healthcare policies and its outcomes for women in pre-reform period (1949-1978) and post-reform period since 1978. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the intention to increase efficiency and improve standards of living, China has implemented far-reaching reforms: decollectivization and land tenure reforms, promotion of township and village enterprises (TVEs), state sector reforms, and policies to encourage foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade liberalization. (wikipedia.org)
  • These policies were implemented as China moved to a market economy and were furthered in order to insure their membership to the World Trade Organization (WTO). (wikipedia.org)
  • These measures have led to much growth, and as China continues to increase its GDP at breakneck pace, those same policies have led to decentralization and privatization of healthcare. (wikipedia.org)
  • Traffickers then sell them to wealthy families within China or take them abroad, again, to sell them. (wikipedia.org)
  • The one-child policy, a part of the family planning policy, was a population planning policy of China. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plan called for families to have one child each in order to curb a then-surging population and limit the demands for water and other resources, as well as to alleviate social, economic and environmental problems in China. (wikipedia.org)
  • abortion
  • Dr. Jeffrey Barrows, who works with recovered trafficked victims, says the new HHS policy could hurt trafficked women: "possible harm could occur if a very pro-abortion counseling approach were to be taken with a victim just out of a trafficking scenario who has not had adequate time to re-establish her autonomy. (wordpress.com)
  • Family planning may encompass sterilization, as well as abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The failure of other methods of population planning can lead to the use of abortion or infanticide as solutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • child
  • One-child policy Two-child policy "Challenging Myths about China's One-Child Policy" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of family planning is to make sure that any couple, man, or woman who has a child has the resources that are needed in order to complete this goal. (wikipedia.org)
  • This suggests that potential mothers are socialised to believe that having a female child is detrimental to their family, either economically or socially. (wikipedia.org)
  • and Overseeing the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine Population control Family planning Family planning One-child policy Deng, Shasha. (wikipedia.org)
  • Implementation of the One-child policy included incentivizing families using privileges regarding education, living accommodations, and access to health care as well as monetary aid. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also discouraged having more than one child by penalizing families by limiting or removing their access to those same privileges. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the State Family Planning Bureau sets specific expectations for the One-child policy, local family-planning departments are in charge of implementation within their own region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Minority groups are considered one of the few families that are exempted from the one child limit. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to register with Hukou, each child must have proper documentation from the public health and local family planning department and a medical birth certificate, both of which are received after birth registration, as well as valid identification of the parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Any child whose birth is illegal under then-existing Chinese law is likely to be unreported to the authorities through the required birth registration process, the family register, often to avoid financial or social penalties. (wikipedia.org)
  • A plan was prepared to reduce China's population to the desired level by 2080, with the one-child policy as one of the main instruments of social engineering. (wikipedia.org)
  • The one-child policy was originally designed to be a One-Generation Policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In most areas, families were allowed to apply to have a second child if their first-born is a daughter. (wikipedia.org)
  • People have also tried to evade the policy by giving birth to a second child in Hong Kong, but at least for Guangdong residents, the one-child policy was also enforced if the birth was given in Hong Kong or abroad. (wikipedia.org)
  • Incentives
  • This has led to a wide variation from province to province in the system that governs incentives and penalties used to regulate Chinese families. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • Such an exercise would reveal that this has been happening for decades ever since family planning strategies began focussing on women as targets of the government's agenda on quantitative cutting down of population, with little or no regard to the quality of lives of the people targeted. (indiatogether.org)
  • Other than the male sterilisation scandal created by the ruling party in 1977, every single technology in the family planning programme has been targeted against women. (indiatogether.org)
  • Rural, poor and uneducated women have often been willing and often ignorant participants in the family planning process, submitting themselves unwittingly as guinea pigs to a larger aim that sacrifices them to a cause that is as self-defeating in its means as it is destructive in its ends. (indiatogether.org)
  • Family planning benefits the health and well-being of women and families throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wajihuddin Ahmed, the Family Planning Commissioner during Yahya Khan's rule, focused on reducing pregnancies in women "rather than meeting contraceptive targets alone" and introducing the pill to Pakistani women. (wikipedia.org)
  • adopt
  • ISPO aims to overcomes this paralysis by bringing all nations to adopt in principle - and then to simultaneously implement - the Simultaneous Policy (Simpol), a range of democratically formulated regulations to bring about economic justice, environmental security and peace around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, according to the process offered by ISPO, what appears to be new is that citizens who "adopt" the Simultaneous Policy (Simpol) take the formulation of global policy into their own hands. (wikipedia.org)
  • The political nature and strong criticism of fascism in her novels allegedly inspired her to adopt the pseudonym in an effort to protect her family from the risk of repercussions and attacks. (wikipedia.org)
  • place
  • This allowed them to put a plan in place and communicate the kind of care that Margaret wanted to receive. (lakelandhealth.org)
  • Margaret had an advance care plan in place that helped her family and loved ones know exactly how she wanted to be cared for, and what was important to her at the end of her life. (lakelandhealth.org)
  • A nation abolishing such subsidies stands to lose much of its family farm infrastructure to cheap imports unless a simultaneous initiative in another country, or in tax, tariff and trade to make up for lost subsidies, takes place. (wikipedia.org)
  • As this example suggests, the policies that are put in place simultaneously may be more complex than initially realized, and may require the cooperation of multiple branches or levels of government within one country, in addition to global cooperation. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • Safeguarding Your Financial Future Whether you re just starting out, watching your family grow, or easing into your golden years, life insurance should be an important part of your financial plan. (docplayer.net)
  • Using this as a learning experience, Karen and her two sisters were able to have meaningful conversations with their mother, Margaret, about her advance care plan and end-of-life wishes over the next five years. (lakelandhealth.org)
  • Her family had lived in Derby for many years and Joseph Wright of Derby was one of her ancestors. (wikipedia.org)
  • After World War II and following many years of mistreatment of African Americans by white Americans, the U.S. government's official policies regarding the matter shifted significantly. (wikipedia.org)
  • free
  • In 2013, enrollment was reported as 1,589 pupils in 9th through 12th grades, with 27% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to family poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • members
  • She claims his conviction is the result of a conspiracy among family members and false testimony from a jealous ex-mistress. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The International Labour Organization and GlobalGreens both recommend certain simultaneous policy initiatives, and closer coordination of their members in many nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • José María Lucas Eusebio de Oriol y Urquijo was born to a distinguished family of Catalan origins, its first members noted in the history of Spain in the 17th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • business
  • Medicaid for their family with the basics of business. (shubertmotors.com)
  • The units in Technopark include domestic firms, joint ventures and subsidiaries of foreign companies engaged in a wide variety of activities, which include embedded software development, smart card technology, enterprise resource planning (ERP), process control software design, engineering and computer-aided design software development, IT Enabled Services (ITES), process re-engineering, animation and e-business. (wikipedia.org)
  • Raised to be the future head of the family and especially key person to manage its huge and complex business, he entered the Madrid Escuela de Ingenieros Industriales. (wikipedia.org)
  • José Luis, Iñigo and Carlos were active in family business and became recognized nationwide as entrepreneurs, while Miguel made his name as architect, author of Torre de Europa. (wikipedia.org)
  • open
  • The CPC is, officially, organized on the basis of democratic centralism, a principle conceived by Russian Marxist theoretician Vladimir Lenin which entails democratic and open discussion on policy on the condition of unity in upholding the agreed upon policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Simultaneous initiatives are seen as a way to avoid Prisoner's dilemma type problems, wherein there is a strong reward for defecting, and a risk for going along with a proposed plan if there is even one defector. (wikipedia.org)
  • black
  • BULLFINCH (Pyrrltula vulgaris), a species of conirostral bird belonging to the family Fringillidw, of a bluish-grey and black colour above, and generally of a bright tile-red beneath, the female differing only in having its colours somewhat duller than the male. (libraryindex.com)
  • After President Lyndon B. Johnson pushed through his War on Poverty legislation including public funding of the Pill for the poor in the mid 1960s, family planning (birth control) was said to be "black genocide" at the first Black Power Conference held in July 1967. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in 1973, media revelations about decades of government-sponsored compulsory sterilization led some to say that this was part of a plan for black genocide. (wikipedia.org)
  • reason
  • Then he can transfer his health insurance plan for this reason, it is not a third of the clinic. (shubertmotors.com)
  • Furthermore, according to ISPO, their adoption of Simpol represents their pledge to vote in future elections, not for a particular politician or political party, but for ANY politician or party - within reason - that pledges to implement Simpol's package of policies alongside other governments. (wikipedia.org)
  • good
  • Guaranteed Coverage If you are a new Michigan State University employee and apply for insurance within 60 days of your date of hire or appointment to eligible status, you can choose any of the coverage amounts offered, up to the guaranteed amount for you and your dependents as shown in the plan, without providing proof of good health. (docplayer.net)
  • government
  • The policy of economic liberalisation initiated by the government of India in 1991 and the rapid growth of the global software industry during the 1990s substantially contributed to its growth. (wikipedia.org)