• 1980
  • It was introduced from the 1950s "recommendation", and evolved to the one-child policy introduced between 1978 and 1980 and began to be formally phased out in 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • and most of the further decline in fertility since 1980 can be attributed to economic development" Thailand, Iran, Indian states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu have had similar declines of fertility without one child policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The policy was formally implemented as a temporary measure on September 18, 1980. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning in 1980, official policy granted local officials the flexibility to make exceptions and allow second children in the case of "practical difficulties" (such as cases in which the father is a disabled serviceman) or when both parents are single children, and some provinces had other exemptions worked into their policies as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • programs
  • Evaluators said one of the chosen programs lacked "detail on key program areas, had no plan on how objectives will be met and even lacked resumes for key staff, including the program director. (wordpress.com)
  • Modern methods of family planning include birth control, assisted reproductive technology and family planning programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • He started his career working as a junior demographer at the National Population Council (Egypt) from 1987 until joining the Cairo Demographic Center in 1992 to study for two diplomas in demography and population and development, then a Master of Philosophy in Demography in 1995 with specialization in family planning programs and population policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Registration with Hukou is necessary for the child to acquire the citizenship needed for specific benefits and programs under the One-child policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • While population planning can involve measures that improve people's lives by giving them greater control of their reproduction, a few programs, most notably the Chinese government's "one-child policy", have resorted to coercive measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In late July 2012, Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei described Iran's contraceptive services as "wrong," and Iranian authorities are slashing birth-control programs in what one Western newspaper (USA Today) describes as a "major reversal" of its long standing policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Until the 1960s, the government encouraged families to have as many children as possible because of Mao's belief that population growth empowered the country, preventing the emergence of family planning programs earlier in China's development. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000
  • Blaikie, PM and Sadeque, Z. (2000) Policy in High Places: Environment and Development in the Himalayas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The desire for China to expand and grow economically following the Cultural Revolution became the driving force behind the One-Child policy because such a goal could not be achieved without slowing population growth and limiting the population to 1.1-1.2 billion by 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • Basically the family floater plan provides coverage to the insured, his/her spouse and children, but there are some plans available which offer coverage to your siblings, parents, and in-laws as well. (click2cover.in)
  • Family planning may involve consideration of the number of children a woman wishes to have, including the choice to have no children, as well as the age at which she wishes to have them. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term denotes children born outside the One child policy, or generally children who are not registered in the national household registration system. (wikipedia.org)
  • These incentives and penalties were used to regulate the number of children allowed and spacing between those children should the family be allowed to have a second child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other exceptions include families where both parents are only children or occupy dangerous jobs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the One Child Policy and a cultural preference for male over female children, some Chinese women are known to give birth to female children in secret, hoping that a later child will be male. (wikipedia.org)
  • Population planning that is intended to reduce a population or sub-population's growth rates may promote or enforce one or more of the following practices, although there are other methods as well: Higher taxation of parents who have "excess" children Contraception Abstinence Reducing infant mortality so that parents do not need to have many children to ensure at least some survive to adulthood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Realizing "the costs of this burgeoning population were going to far exceed its capacity to provide adequate food, education, housing and employment", Iran's government "declared that Islam favored families with only two children", as one historian put it. (wikipedia.org)
  • A call for a reversal of Iran's existing policy of "two children is enough" came in October 2006, when President Ahmadinejad called for an increase in Iran's population from 70 to 120 million. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, families with children with disabilities have different policies and families whose first child suffers from physical disability, mental illness, or intellectual disability were allowed to have more children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children born in overseas countries were not counted under the policy if they do not obtain Chinese citizenship. (wikipedia.org)
  • abortion
  • WASHINGTON, DC (C-FAM) The same week U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told a conference in Senegal that family planning is a "basic right," the U. S. Congress was investigating the Obama administration's rejection of a highly qualified group to receive a grant to help trafficking victims because it does not offer contraception and abortion. (wordpress.com)
  • Dr. Jeffrey Barrows, who works with recovered trafficked victims, says the new HHS policy could hurt trafficked women: "possible harm could occur if a very pro-abortion counseling approach were to be taken with a victim just out of a trafficking scenario who has not had adequate time to re-establish her autonomy. (wordpress.com)
  • Family planning may encompass sterilization, as well as abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The failure of other methods of population planning can lead to the use of abortion or infanticide as solutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Readings on Induced Abortion: Articles from Family Planning Perspectives, 1974-1999. (wikipedia.org)
  • AIDS
  • His contribution to development has been in four areas: Environment Agrarian Change AIDS and family planning political ecology Blaikie was born in wartime Scotland, in Helensburgh. (wikipedia.org)
  • fertility
  • Though Pakistan was one of the first Asian countries to begin a family planning program with some help from international donors, fertility has declined slower than in neighboring countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • greatly
  • Researchers argue that increasing women's education and women's employment opportunities can help decrease the number of missing women, but the effects of these policy solutions differ greatly between countries due to differing levels of ingrained sexism between cultures. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • All of our nightly rental guests are provided a complete villa cleaning each day and a sheet change every third day, with the exception of those rate plans that do not include service. (starwoodhotels.com)
  • pets
  • In order to ensure your stay is as pleasant as possible and to keep your villa clean and comfortable, our policy is that pets are not permitted anywhere on the resort property. (starwoodhotels.com)
  • order
  • The purpose of family planning is to make sure that any couple, man, or woman who has a child has the resources that are needed in order to complete this goal. (wikipedia.org)
  • These policies were implemented as China moved to a market economy and were furthered in order to insure their membership to the World Trade Organization (WTO). (wikipedia.org)
  • The plan called for families to have one child each in order to curb a then-surging population and limit the demands for water and other resources, as well as to alleviate social, economic and environmental problems in China. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Global Gag Order or also known as the "Mexico City policy", is in accordance with the Helms Amendment of 1973. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • Such an exercise would reveal that this has been happening for decades ever since family planning strategies began focussing on women as targets of the government's agenda on quantitative cutting down of population, with little or no regard to the quality of lives of the people targeted. (indiatogether.org)
  • Other than the male sterilisation scandal created by the ruling party in 1977, every single technology in the family planning programme has been targeted against women. (indiatogether.org)
  • Rural, poor and uneducated women have often been willing and often ignorant participants in the family planning process, submitting themselves unwittingly as guinea pigs to a larger aim that sacrifices them to a cause that is as self-defeating in its means as it is destructive in its ends. (indiatogether.org)
  • Wajihuddin Ahmed, the Family Planning Commissioner during Yahya Khan's rule, focused on reducing pregnancies in women "rather than meeting contraceptive targets alone" and introducing the pill to Pakistani women. (wikipedia.org)
  • birth
  • It is also the first country that coined the phrase "Family Planning' to replace the earlier term "birth control. (indiatogether.org)
  • People have also tried to evade the policy by giving birth to a second child in Hong Kong, but at least for Guangdong residents, the one-child policy was also enforced if the birth was given in Hong Kong or abroad. (wikipedia.org)