• Commentaries
  • Initially, the journal was entirely open access, without publication charge to the authors except for color figures, but Oxford University Press changed its policy in 2008 and made reviews, editorials, and commentaries subscription-based, while maintaining open access for original research papers. (wikipedia.org)
  • critically
  • The truth is that the balance of critically reviewed and appraised evidence fails to support the contention of the Flegal study that overweight is associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality relative to normal weight and that obesity at certain lower levels (grade 1) is not associated with higher mortality. (earthlink.net)
  • books.google.com - Evidence Based Medicine provides a clear explanation of the central questions of EBM - how to ask answerable clinical questions, how to translate them into effective searches for the best evidence, how to critically appraise that evidence for its validity and importance, and how to integrate it with. (google.com)
  • Much of this is based on results from research studies that have been critically-designed and statistically evaluated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guidelines
  • Whether applied to medical education, decisions about individuals, guidelines and policies applied to populations, or administration of health services in general, evidence-based medicine advocates that to the greatest extent possible, decisions and policies should be based on evidence, not just the beliefs of practitioners, experts, or administrators. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] In the case of decisions which applied to groups of patients or populations, the guidelines and policies would usually be developed by committees of experts, but there was no formal process for determining the extent to which research evidence should be considered or how it should be merged with the beliefs of the committee members. (wikipedia.org)
  • Is the end of evidence-based guidelines near? (modernmedicine.com)
  • An early example was the British Thoracic Society's 1990 asthma guidelines, developed through consensus but based on a combination of randomised trials and observational studies. (bmj.com)
  • Device selection and outcomes of aerosol therapy: Evidence-based guidelines: American College of Chest Physicians/American College of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology. (bmj.com)
  • The EQUATOR Network developed and maintains a digital library that provides a collection of publications related to reporting guidelines on scientific writing, empirical evidence supporting or refuting the inclusion of crucial items in reporting guidelines, evaluations of the quality of reporting, publication ethics and educational materials and tools for editors, peer reviewers and researchers. (wikipedia.org)
  • incorporate
  • citation needed] There was an implicit assumption that decision makers and policy makers would incorporate evidence in their thinking appropriately, based on their education, experience, and ongoing study of the applicable literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • effectiveness
  • Grading evidence from test accuracy studies: what makes it challenging compared with the grading of effectiveness studies? (bmj.com)
  • Many cancer treatments are of such limited effectiveness that they do not deserve to be protected from the competition of other approaches which are well grounded in peer review science, but which have not yet met the most demanding standards of "evidence based medicine. (bmj.com)
  • symptoms
  • The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) has published an evidence-based review of the treatment of menopausal vasomotor symptoms, especially hot flashes. (earthlink.net)
  • Due to the massive amount of diversity in both the cognitive and motor functions that occur within the frontal lobes, there is an immense variety in the types of symptoms that can arise from epileptic seizures based on the side and topography of the focal origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • beliefs
  • citation needed] Called "clinical judgment" and "the art of medicine", the traditional approach to making decisions about individual patients depended on having each individual physician determine what research evidence, if any, to consider, and how to merge that evidence with personal beliefs and other factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnostic
  • demonstrate that 40-61% of post-lumbar fusion patients were symptomatic for SI joint dysfunction based on diagnostic blocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • show that the incidence of SI joint degeneration in post-lumbar fusion surgery is 75% at 5 years post-surgery, based on imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • insufficient
  • A further analysis of a broad range of sports products showed that the evidence for many sports products is poor quality and insufficient to inform the public about the benefits and harms of sports products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foods with low glycemic index rich in fiber and other important nutrients are recommended notwithstanding insufficient evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • available
  • It promotes the use of formal, explicit methods to analyze evidence and makes it available to decision makers. (wikipedia.org)
  • I interpret the parachute study as illustrating that, in life or death situations, one must make judgements based upon preponderance of available evidence as opposed to proof beyond reasonable doubt. (bmj.com)
  • A fuller list of articles and a sample of the rating form are available on the Evidence-Based Medicine web site ( http://www.evidence-basedmedicine.com/cgi/content/full/10/4/e1 ). (bmj.com)
  • Diabetes
  • Some preliminary evidence suggests that resistant starch, used as a substitute for refined carbohydrate, may increase insulin sensitivity and may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration requires claims that resistant starch can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes to be qualified with a declaration that scientific evidence in support of this claim is limited. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is evidence relating consumption of coffee with prevention of type 2 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • assumption
  • There are several flaws with this latter approach to practicing medicine, namely the assumption of a failure to cause harm. (petmd.com)
  • patients
  • These areas of research increased awareness of the weaknesses in medical decision making at the level of both individual patients and populations, and paved the way for the introduction of evidence-based methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • How will these latest evidence-based recommendations affect the care of your patients? (modernmedicine.com)
  • Practicing evidence based medicine means I would conscientiously explore only the current best proof in making decisions about the care of my patients. (petmd.com)
  • These statistics are based off of data accrued during studies designed specifically to look at the outcome of many dogs diagnosed with lymphoma treated in a similar fashion, allowing conclusions to be drawn that are applicable to a wider subset of patients. (petmd.com)
  • support
  • No Surrender Breast Cancer Support , designed and run by two-time breast cancer survivor and author Gina Maisano, brings a professionally sophisticated, and uniquely evidence-based resource of exceptional value to all women with breast cancer. (earthlink.net)
  • 13 More fundamentally, many who support evidence based medicine in principle have argued that the movement is now facing a serious crisis (box 1). (bmj.com)
  • Evidence does not support an effect on weight beyond a couple of months and it does not appear to affect obesity related problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reviews
  • To cite just one example, the American Society of Clinical Oncology established a policy recommending against the use of cell culture drug resistance testing (CCDRT) as an aid to drug selection in cancer chemotherapy, based on reviews (refs. (bmj.com)
  • medical
  • Part of a thesis entitle: Role and competencies of medical information professionals in evidence-based medicine. (slideshare.net)
  • As medical librarians we generally focus on delivering strategies for the best research evidence. (acrlog.org)
  • This is an extraordinarily useful book for understanding evidence-based medicine and a pragmatic look at medical statistics. (springer.com)
  • Questions were derived based on the lead author's research experience from congresses and discussions and from mentions in the medical literature. (feedage.com)
  • Evidence-based medicine came 7th, ahead of the computer and medical imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guyatt has published over 1200 peer-reviewed articles in scientific journals, many in leading medical journals such as The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, Journal of the American Medical Association, and The BMJ. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • As an example, evidence based tells me that the optimal treatment plan for a dog diagnosed with multicentric lymphoma is a multidrug chemotherapy protocol administered over a six month period. (petmd.com)
  • The contrary of evidence based medicine is incorporating the idea that "anything that could help, and doesn't hurt" is a valid option for a patient's treatment regimen. (petmd.com)
  • There is mixed evidence that occlusive treatment with various types of duct tape is effective. (wikipedia.org)
  • quality
  • training the Next Generation of Leaders and translating Evidence into Better-Quality Health Services. (wikipedia.org)
  • Guyatt played a key role in the development and refinement of the GRADE approach, a sensible and transparent structure for grading quality (or certainty) of evidence and strength of recommendations. (wikipedia.org)
  • tradition
  • Medicine has a long tradition of both basic and clinical research that dates back at least to Avicenna and more recently to protestant reformation exegesis of the 17th and 18th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Topics
  • Every week they will tackle entertaining, interesting, and sometimes difficult topics in the world of animal medicine - all in the hopes that their unique insights and personal experiences will help you to understand your pets. (petmd.com)
  • experience
  • It is also believed that a person suffering with PTSD may experience similar shifts in mood based on how many flashbacks they've been dealing with. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although
  • Trisha Greenhalgh and colleagues argue that, although evidence based medicine has had many benefits, it has also had some negative unintended consequences. (bmj.com)
  • Although the term "epicondylitis" is frequently used to describe this disorder, most histopathologic findings of studies have displayed no evidence of an acute, or a chronic inflammatory process. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • The statistical power of the latter trial has been questioned, and it has been suggested that duct tape occlusion therapy only works with rubber-based adhesives, whereas these studies utilized acrylic-based adhesive. (wikipedia.org)