• cervical
  • Additionally, this treatment avoids puncture of the epidural space in the thoracic and cervical spine, making it theoretically less challenging for the operator. (ajnr.org)
  • 7,8 Clinical experience and a few case reports suggest the possibility of obtaining stimulation in the lower extremity, in addition to upper extremity stimulation, with neuroelectrodes placed in the cervical epidural space. (asahq.org)
  • The objective of this report is to determine whether it is feasible to consistently achieve stimulation coverage of all limbs with two percutaneous cervical leads placed in the epidural space of the lower cervical spine. (asahq.org)
  • humans
  • In other mammals, the relationship between the spinal canal and its contents is similar to that in humans, although many species possess a tail into which the epidural space is prolonged. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 'whoosh' test has been recommended as a guide for successful epidural needle placement in humans. (uzh.ch)
  • needle
  • The epidural needle was placed in the lumbosacral space. (uzh.ch)
  • After placing the epidural needle, two ml of air were injected whilst a stethoscope was placed immediately cranially to the needle. (uzh.ch)
  • Nevertheless would the 'whoosh' test be a simple and quick method to add information to the clinical impression of correct epidural needle placement. (uzh.ch)
  • A Tuohy needle is a hollow hypodermic needle, very slightly curved at the end, suitable for inserting epidural catheters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Literally, an epidural needle is simply a needle that is placed into the epidural space. (wikipedia.org)
  • Types of epidural needles include: The Crawford Needle The Tuohy Needle The Hustead Needle The Weiss Needle The Sprotte Spezial Needle Other Epidural Needles : Other less popular types are the Wagner needle (1957), the Cheng needle(1958), the Crawley needle (1968), the Foldes needle (1973), and the Bell needle (1975)-all variants of the Huber design with a blunted tip of varying sharpness. (wikipedia.org)
  • analgesia
  • Injecting medication into the epidural space is primarily performed for analgesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, some of the side-effects of epidural analgesia may be beneficial in some circumstances (e.g., vasodilation may be beneficial if the subject has peripheral vascular disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • Epidural analgesia may be used: For analgesia alone, where surgery is not contemplated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The epidural space is more difficult and risky to access as one ascends the spine (because the spinal cord gains more nerves as it ascends and fills the epidural space leaving less room for error), so epidural techniques are most suitable for analgesia anywhere in the lower body and as high as the chest. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • To the editor: Stimulated by the clinical review of Mullins and colleagues on "Malignant Lymphoma of the Spinal Epidural Space" ( Ann Intern Med 74:416-423, 1971), we have reviewed our experience with this complication among 147 patients with reticulum cell sarcoma (RCS) seen at the Francis Delafield Hospital between 1952 and 1966. (annals.org)
  • physicians
  • The epidural route is frequently employed by certain physicians and nurse anaesthetists to administer diagnostic (e.g. radiocontrast agents) and therapeutic (e.g., glucocorticoids) chemical substances, as well as certain analgesic and local anaesthetic agents. (wikipedia.org)