• ganglia
  • A failure in this migratory process is thought to result in the clinical entity Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR), which is typically characterised by the absence of enteric ganglia in the colon and rectum (aganglionosis). (bl.uk)
  • citation needed] The ganglia have properties similar to the central nervous system (CNS). (wikipedia.org)
  • nerve
  • In addition to the two major enteric nerve plexuses, there are minor plexuses beneath the serosa, within the circular smooth muscle and in the mucosa. (colostate.edu)
  • The nervous systems of the radially symmetric organisms ctenophores (comb jellies) and cnidarians (which include anemones, hydras, corals and jellyfish) consist of a diffuse nerve net. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurotransmitters
  • It is uncertain how much the ENS influences the body outside of the digestive system, but it does release a number of peptides into the bloodstream, including some hormones and neurotransmitters that act on the brain. (everything2.com)
  • The enteric nervous system also makes use of more than 30 neurotransmitters, most of which are identical to the ones found in CNS, such as acetylcholine, dopamine, and serotonin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The enteric nervous system makes use of over 30 different neurotransmitters, most similar to those of the CNS such as acetylcholine, dopamine, and serotonin. (wikipedia.org)
  • reflexes
  • Some of the prominent communiques enabled by nervous interconnections within the digestive tract have been named as reflexes and serve to illustrate a robust system of control. (colostate.edu)
  • Thus seemingly normal patients suffer pain and discomfort during digestion, and sometimes have exaggerated enteric reflexes. (bmj.com)
  • 5 Hyper-reflexia in patients with IBS has been demonstrated by a decrease in threshold distension to evoke entero-enteric reflexes and by enhanced accommodation reflexes in the colon. (bmj.com)
  • neurones
  • To our knowledge, there is no other documented long term change in the responsiveness of enteric neurones and thus no other candidate mechanism for inducing hyper-reactivity within the enteric nervous system. (bmj.com)
  • central
  • It's entirely autonomous from the central nervous system, governing about 90% of the messages that operate the gut, but the two systems communicate to ensure that our bodies function properly. (cultivatedwellbeing.com)
  • The anatomy of the plexus is similar to the anatomy of the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • All other animal species, with the exception of a few types of worm, have a nervous system containing a brain, a central cord (or two cords running in parallel), and nerves radiating from the brain and central cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the central nervous system, glia develop from the ventricular zone of the neural tube. (wikipedia.org)
  • if a signal does reach threshold, the information is transmitted to the central nervous system (CNS), where it is integrated and a decision on how to react is made. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Malfunction of the nervous system can occur as a result of genetic defects, physical damage due to trauma or toxicity, infection or simply of ageing. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • For a system that is tremendously interactive in an extensively expanding tissue (8 metres in humans), knowledge of how its structure develops is very important. (biologists.com)
  • In humans and other mammals, peristalsis is found in the smooth muscles of the digestive tract to propel contents through the digestive system. (wikipedia.org)