• compensate for energy
  • Although calories in liquids containing ethanol may fail to trigger the physiologic mechanism that produces the feeling of fullness in the short term, long-term, frequent drinkers may compensate for energy derived from ethanol by eating less. (wikipedia.org)
  • reduction
  • We confirmed that the AM4113-induced reduction in food intake is mediated by CB₁ receptors using CB₁ receptor knockout mice. (biomedsearch.com)
  • These data suggest that blockade of an endocannabinoid tone acting at CB₁ receptors induces an initial, transient reduction in food intake which results in long-term reduction of body weight gain. (biomedsearch.com)
  • calories
  • Findings are inconclusive because alcohol itself contains 7 calories per gram, but research suggests that alcohol energy is not efficiently used. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reduce" can be defined relative to the subject's previous intake before intentionally restricting calories, or relative to an average person of similar body type. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is because although lowering carbohydrate intake will help reduce blood glucose levels, a low-carbohydrate diet conflicts with the traditional establishment view that carbohydrates should be the main source of calories. (wikipedia.org)
  • carbohydrate
  • The benefits and harms of various ways of increasing energy intake, including higher energy density of milk feed and/or fluid volume (clinically realistic target volume should be set), parenteral nutrition, and the use of various constituents of energy like carbohydrate, protein and fat for this purpose also need to be assessed. (cochrane.org)
  • enterally by increasing the energy content of the milk, increasing feed volume, or by nutrient supplementation with protein, carbohydrate or fat. (cochrane.org)
  • metabolic
  • Several studies have shown that these hypothalamic neuropeptides are sensitive to body energy status and critical to whole-body metabolic adjustment. (biologists.org)
  • high
  • However, setting high targets for energy intake for these babies may not be achievable. (cochrane.org)
  • A high dietary fat intake was positively related to gain in %BF in girls with type 1 diabetes. (diva-portal.org)
  • Although there is an energetic cost to transporting food, large food items have a high contribution to nutrient intake so the cost outweighs the benefits. (wikipedia.org)
  • This occurs because a high amount of dietary calcium increases the amount of energy and fat excreted from the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies have shown that saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats all have a higher excretion rate with a high calcium intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • In these studies, a high calcium intake is considered 2300 mg and a low calcium intake is considered 700 mg. (wikipedia.org)
  • A possible explanation to this phenomenon is that high intakes of calcium cause calcium soap formation and/ or binding of bile acids in the intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • These foods have a low energy density, which is mainly due to the high water content and partly due to the fiber content. (wikipedia.org)
  • Likewise, people with diabetes may be encouraged to reduce their intake of carbohydrates that have a high glycemic index (GI), although this is also controversial. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • A variable that may modify the effects exercise has on energy intake is whether the exercise is completed in a fed or fasted state. (hindawi.com)
  • Secondarily, the review examines any adverse effects associated with increased energy intake. (cochrane.org)
  • Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of dietary fat on food intake and hypothalamic neuropeptides in chickens subjected to two feeding states or two diets. (biologists.org)
  • physical
  • The studies described in this thesis addressed body composition in adolescents with type 1 diabetes and the relationships between physical activity, energy intake and changes in body composition. (diva-portal.org)
  • beneficial
  • Increasing energy intake for these babies beyond standard levels may therefore seem beneficial. (cochrane.org)
  • Having found no suitable study to date that answers these questions, we are currently unable to provide any evidence on whether increasing the energy intake for babies with (or developing) CLD/BPD is overall beneficial. (cochrane.org)
  • Similarly, if hungry animals have a higher chance of dying from starvation than from predation, it is more beneficial to sacrifice vigilance to fulfill their energy requirements. (wikipedia.org)
  • body weight
  • The neutral cannabinoid CB₁ receptor antagonist AM4113 regulates body weight through changes in energy intake in the rat. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The aim of this study was to determine if the neutral cannabinoid CB₁ receptor antagonist, AM4113, regulates body weight in the rat via changes in food intake. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In rats, intraperitoneally administered AM4113 (2, 10 mg kg⁻¹) had a transient inhibitory effect on food intake, while body weight gain was suppressed for the duration of the study. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Food intake and body weight gain were also inhibited in rats by oral administration of AM4113 (50 mg kg⁻¹). (biomedsearch.com)
  • babies
  • We planned to examine whether increasing energy intake for these babies improves their breathing status, their growth and development, and reduces their risk of death without producing significant complications. (cochrane.org)
  • density
  • Female athlete triad is a syndrome in which eating disorders (or low energy availability), amenorrhoea/oligomenorrhoea, and decreased bone mineral density (osteoporosis and osteopenia) are present. (wikipedia.org)
  • daily energy
  • The median normalised daily energy intake was 105 (interquartile range 88-124) kJ, and directly correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) as determined by univariate analysis. (diva-portal.org)
  • Increasing the daily energy intake for these infants may improve their respiratory, growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes. (cochrane.org)
  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the average minimum daily energy requirement is about 1,800 kilocalories (7,500 kJ) per person. (wikipedia.org)
  • increase
  • 2006). Sweetened drinks containing either sucrose alone or sucrose in combination with fructose appear to lead to weight gain due to increase energy intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diverticulitis is mainly attributed to the low fibre intake typical of the Western diet for which gradual increase dietary fibre over several weeks is common clinical solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • Other studies specifically show that dairy sources of calcium demonstrate greater weight loss than supplemental calcium intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • efficiently
  • In this way, ancestors would eat whenever possible and efficiently store the energy absorbed as fat to use when resources were scarce. (wikipedia.org)