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  • deep brain stimu
  • Alim Louis Benabid is a French emeritus professor, neurosurgeon and member of the French Academy of Sciences, who has had a global impact in the development of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • For patients suffering from Parkinson's disease, Benabid and Pierre Pollak, a neurologist at the University Hospital of Grenoble, also developed deep brain stimulation (DBS) in 1987. (wikipedia.org)
  • sham
  • One group received treatment with the electrical stimulation patch, known as Nerivio , while the other group received a sham stimulation treatment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Shortly after the start of a migraine, each participant was instructed to apply the Nerivio patch or the sham stimulation device to their upper arm. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The researchers found that at the three highest levels of stimulation, 64 percent of individuals treated with the Nerivio patch reported a reduction in migraine pain by more than 50 percent in the 2 hours after treatment, compared with just 26 percent of subjects who received the sham treatment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Additionally, the team found that at the very highest stimulation level, 58 percent of people who started out with moderate to severe migraine said that their pain was mild or had disappeared following Nerivio treatment, compared with only 24 percent of those in the sham treatment group. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • EBS could elicit the ritualistic, motor responses of sham rage in cats by stimulation of the anterior hypothalamus, as well as more complex emotional and behavioral components of "true rage" in both experimental animals by stimulaton of the lateral hypothalamus, and in human subjects by stimulating various deep areas of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • pulses
  • It seems novel to use electricty for a purpose other than pacing - but they've got data showing nonstimulatory electric pulses improve heart contractility in failing hearts. (medgadget.com)
  • Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a technique that uses low energy electrical pulses to artificially generate body movements in individuals who have been paralyzed due to injury to the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • However, special care must be taken in designing safe FES devices, as passing electric current through tissue can lead to adverse effects such as decrease in excitability or cell death. (wikipedia.org)
  • cortex
  • It showed that direct stimulation to the brain's visual cortex can create the perception of shapes, colors and contrasts -- even when the eyes cannot see them. (latimes.com)
  • instead, they have proposed to supply the electrical messages that the brain interprets as an "image" directly to the brain's visual cortex. (latimes.com)
  • While each monkey practiced the new skill, researchers "listened in" on the distinct patterns of electrical messages passing among the cells of his visual cortex. (latimes.com)
  • The stimulation of the surface of the cerebral cortex by using brain stimulation was used to investigate the motor cortex in animals by researchers such as Eduard Hitzig (1838-1907), Gustav Fritsch (1838-1927), David Ferrier (1842-1928) and Friedrich Goltz (1834-1902). (wikipedia.org)
  • American-Canadian neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield (1891-1976) and colleagues at the Montreal Neurological Institute used extensively electrical stimulation of the brain cortex in awake neurosurgical patients to investigate the motor and sensory homunculus (the representation of the body in the brain cortex according to the distribution of motor and sensory territories). (wikipedia.org)
  • generate
  • During the 19th and 20th centuries, researchers studied and documented the exact electrical properties that generate muscle movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, heterogeneous ionic conductivity fields in the presence of applied electric fields can, under certain conditions, generate an unstable flow field owing to electrokinetic instabilities (EKI). (wikipedia.org)
  • Current
  • The 34 patients in the study lost about 10 pounds and two inches from their waistline during a six-month evaluation of the device, which discharged electrical current into the gastric antrum. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The device senses food intake and transmits electrical current to the stomach to stimulate gastric contraction. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Activated from morning until bedtime, the VBLOC, made by EnteroMedics, delivers preprogrammed electrical current on an intermittent basis. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Scientists said they had used a harmless electrical current to modify sleep so that an individual has 'lucid dreams,' a particularly powerful form of dreaming. (nydailynews.com)
  • When the circle generated by electrical current was brighter than the one on the screen, the monkey demonstrated he could discern the difference in brightness by moving his eyes to the brighter one, as he had been taught. (latimes.com)
  • His work showed that living organisms and animals show a direct current of electric charge which is measurable from their body surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • device
  • In this embodiment, FES is used as a short-term therapy, the objective of which is restoration of voluntary function and not lifelong dependence on the FES device, hence the name functional electrical stimulation therapy, FES therapy (FET or FEST). (wikipedia.org)
  • responses
  • Ref.: Hofstoetter US, Minassian K, Hofer C, Mayr W, Rattay F, Dimitrijevic MR. Modification of reflex responses to lumbar posterior root stimulation by motor tasks in healthy subjects. (wingsforlife.com)
  • continuously
  • As technology advanced to allow such stimulation to be continuously applied for a long time, DBS became widely adopted in the 1990s for treatment of movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • citation needed] Electric stimulation of the auditory system via cochlear implant is a commonly used technique for individuals with a severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss, as well as for those adults and children with some residual hearing. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • An electrical stimulation heat/cool pack includes a nonconductive pouch and straps for positioning and holding the nonconductive pouch against a body part. (google.com)
  • 5. The electrical stimulation body pack according to claim 4 wherein said means for positioning and compressing said flexible pouch against a body part comprises at least one loop attached to one side of the flexible pouch and a strap sized for passing through said loop and around the body part. (google.com)
  • State University of New York Press, Albany 1982, ISBN 0-87395-560-9 The Body Electric. (wikipedia.org)
  • means
  • The effect on the urethra of intravaginal electrical stimulation (IVS) was registered by means of urethral pressure profiles (UPP). (mendeley.com)
  • The project is supposed to enable paraplegic patients with residual control over the leg musculature to walk a few steps or to stand up from their wheelchair by means of electrical stimulation. (wingsforlife.com)
  • non-conductive sheet means disposed on another side of said conductive fabric for supporting the electrical shunt means along the conductive fabric and for preventing undesired electrical contact with the conductive fabric. (google.com)
  • convey
  • Electrokinesis is of considerable practical importance in microfluidics, because it offers a way to manipulate and convey fluids in microsystems using only electric fields, with no moving parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • motor
  • In such case, the moving structure acts as an electric motor Practical fields of interest of EHD are the common air ioniser, electrohydrodynamic thrusters and EHD cooling systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • sensory
  • This complexity in sensory coding, which the team speculates may help the brain rapidly make highly accurate odor distinctions, became evident when the team used beams of light to activate highly specialized cells within the olfactory bulb, as prelude to measuring their electrical activity during single respiratory cycles. (photonics.com)
  • The complexity of the reflex can be estimated by examining the time delay, or latency, between the electrical stimulation of the sensory neuron and the corresponding motor response, as measured by EMG (electromyography). (wikipedia.org)
  • Working on rats, they found that stimulation at several mesencephalic and diencephalic sites eradicated responsiveness to painful stimuli and left other sensory modes relatively unaffected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lower
  • The AV node lies at the lower back section of the interatrial septum near the opening of the coronary sinus, which conducts the normal electrical impulse from the atria to the ventricles. (wikipedia.org)
  • control
  • Further, it has been shown that electrical stimulation of IL reduces conditioned fear and strengthens extinction memory[clarification needed], explaining cortical control over extinction processes,[clarification needed] one of the simplest forms of emotional regulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • As of 2012, evidence reviewed within NHS Scotland found no good evidence that neuro-electric therapy was helpful in treating opiate addiction. (wikipedia.org)
  • author
  • Krishna Shenoy, PhD, professor of electrical engineering at Stanford and co-senior author of the paper stated, "This study reports the highest speed and accuracy, by a factor of three, over what's been shown before. (labroots.com)