• grafts
  • The remarkable frequency of dura mater grafts in Japan may possibly contribute to the elevated incidence of dCJD, but reasons for the disproportionate use of this procedure in Japan remain unclear. (bmj.com)
  • cadaveric
  • We investigated differences between dCJD patients in Japan and those elsewhere to help explain the more frequent use of cadaveric dura mater and the high incidence of dCJD in Japan. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions Differences in the medical conditions precipitating dura mater graft may contribute to the frequent use of cadaveric dura mater and the higher incidence of dCJD in Japan. (bmj.com)
  • spine
  • The head, spine and all related myofascial structures are designed for constant movement and motion that simultaneously change the shape of the dura mater. (erikdalton.com)
  • The dura-muscular, dura-ligamentous connections in the upper cervical spine and occipital areas may provide anatomic and physiologic answers to the cause of the cervicogenic headache. (wikipedia.org)
  • ligaments
  • Massage therapists can now safely address all soft tissues, including ligaments, nerve dura, fasciae, discs and joint capsules, responsible for much of the pain previously blamed on muscles alone. (erikdalton.com)
  • venous
  • It does not (in contrast to the dura mater of brain) adhere to the enveloping bony structures (vertebrae) or their periosteum, being separated from the latter by a considerable space, the vertebral epidural space-a true space containing the internal vertebral venous plexus embedded in a matrix of epidural fat. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • and, lastly, small openings communicate with irregularly shaped venous spaces (venous lacunae) in the dura mater near the sinus. (wikipedia.org)
  • rats
  • Nociceptive behaviors were induced by electrical stimulation of the dura mater surrounding the superior sagittal sinus in conscious adult rats and reduced by morphine and rizatriptan benzoate. (semanticscholar.org)
  • superior
  • The trigeminovascular nociception induced by electrical stimulation of the dura mater surrounding the superior sagittal sinus in anesthetized animals has been widely used as a model for investigation of the pathophysiology of vascular headache such as migraine. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Thus, to establish a new model of trigeminovascular nociception in conscious animals and to examine the effects of morphine and rizatriptan benzoate on nociceptive behaviors in this new model, we electrically stimulated the dura mater surrounding the superior sagittal sinus. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The superior sagittal sinus receives the superior cerebral veins, veins from the diploë and dura mater, and, near the posterior extremity of the sagittal suture, veins from the pericranium, which pass through the parietal foramina. (wikipedia.org)
  • cerebral
  • Although the pia mater is primarily structurally similar throughout, it spans both the spinal cord's neural tissue and runs down the fissures of the cerebral cortex in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • spaces
  • In the perivascular spaces, the pia mater begins as mesothelial lining on the outer surface, but the cells then fade to be replaced by neuroglia elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • structures
  • Famous for their amazing ability to precisely define complex anatomical structures, the early Greeks hit the nail on its proverbial head when they labeled dura mater, the "tough mother. (erikdalton.com)
  • blood
  • The pia mater allows blood vessels to pass through and nourish the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The perivascular space created between blood vessels and pia mater functions as a lymphatic system for the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Romanian biologist Viorel Pais, through recent electron microscopy studies, has demonstrated for the first time in the specialty literature that pia mater is formed by cordocytes and blood vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • repair
  • To achieve a watertight repair and avoid potential post-operative complications the dura is typically closed with sutures. (wikipedia.org)