• tract
  • There are following Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) codes (maintained by the American Medical Association) for cutaneous electrogastrography: An electrogastroenterography (EGEG) is based that different organs of a GI tract give different frequency slow wave. (wikipedia.org)
  • Single unit smooth muscle, however, is most common and lines blood vessels (except large elastic arteries), the urinary tract, and the digestive tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vagal activity results in diverse pleiotropic effects, including: lowered heart rate, changes in vasodilation/constriction, and glandular activity in the heart, lungs, and digestive tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • nervous system
  • amyloid pattern that identifies drug effects in the central nervous system. (jove.com)
  • Nervous system: collecting, transferring and processing information with brain, spinal cord and peripheral nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the nervous system was named by Monro (1783), but Rufus of Ephesus (c. 90-120), clearly viewed for the first time the brain, spinal cord, and craniospinal nerves as an anatomical unit, although he wrote little about its function, nor gave a name to this unit. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1883, he presented his doctor's thesis on the subject of The centrifugal nerves of the heart and posited the idea of nervism and the basic principles on the trophic function of the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neurology - branch of medicine that deals with the brain and the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vagal tone refers to activity of the vagus nerve, an important component of the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • This division of the nervous system is not under conscious control and is largely responsible for regulation of the body at rest. (wikipedia.org)
  • While vagal input is continual, the degree of stimulation it exerts is regulated by a balance of inputs from both divisions of the autonomic nervous system and reflects the general level of parasympathetic activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • membrane
  • In cardiac myocytes a complex network of membrane tubules - the transverse-axial tubule system (TATS) - controls deep intracellular signaling functions. (jove.com)
  • Unlike previously published indirect regional aggregate image analysis strategies, our protocols enable direct characterization of specific components and derive complex physiological properties of TATS membrane networks in living myocytes with high throughput and open access software tools. (jove.com)
  • Membrane depolarization and ion fluxes are events that have been studied extensively in biological systems due to their ability to profoundly impact cellular functions, including energetics and signal transductions. (jove.com)
  • cardiac
  • In summary, the combined protocol strategy can be readily applied for quantitative TATS network studies during physiological myocyte adaptation or disease changes, comparison of different cardiac or skeletal muscle cell types, phenotyping of transgenic models, and pharmacological or therapeutic interventions. (jove.com)
  • vivo
  • The minicircle DNA delivery gene transfer system provides an alternative method to establish an osteoporosis-related model is particularly useful to study the efficacy of various pharmacological inhibitors in vivo . (jove.com)
  • Within a period of four days, this culture system faithfully recapitulates in vivo thyroid development. (jove.com)
  • Cells grown in 3D retain the important cues from the extracellular matrix and provide a physiologically relevant ex vivo system 2,3 . (jove.com)
  • gene
  • Although gene therapy in cancer has shown a tremendous promise, the major challenge is in the development of safe and effective delivery system, which can lead to sustained transgene expression. (jove.com)
  • Sigma scientists work closely with investigators to 1) perform due diligence analysis including analysis of relevant gene structure, biology, and model system pursuant to the project goals, 2) apply this knowledge to develop a sound targeting strategy, 3) then design, build, and functionally validate ZFNs for activity in a relevant cell line. (jove.com)
  • interest
  • This method may be used to measure the time scale for coherence decay (tied to the fastest scattering processes) in a wide variety of semiconductor systems of interest for next generation electronics and optoelectronics. (jove.com)
  • Although the mechanism underlying the strong rectification found in COS-7 cells is yet unknown, it is a phenomenon of biological interest and has important practical consequences, for instance, in the development of optimal cryopreservation. (jove.com)
  • cells
  • However, this system requires lung tissue samples, expertise isolating and culturing epithelial cells from tissue, and time to generate an air-liquid interface culture. (jove.com)
  • This phenomenon is known as rectification and has mainly been reported for plant cell, but only rarely for animal cells. (jove.com)
  • Maintaining homeostatic Ca 2+ signaling is a fundamental physiological process in living cells. (jove.com)
  • There is a need to design and manufacture new corneal biomaterial devices able to mimic in detail the physiological environment where stem cells reside in the cornea. (jove.com)
  • Neural cells, for example, express growth-associated proteins, such as GAP-43, tubulin, actin, an array of novel neuropeptides, and cytokines that induce a cellular physiological response to regenerate from the damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • The high temporal resolution of this technique, afforded by the use of short (20 fsec) optical pulses, permits the rapid spin-flip scattering process in this system to be studied directly in the time domain, providing new insight into the strong exchange coupling responsible for carrier-mediated ferromagnetism. (jove.com)
  • level
  • These collective defences complement the individual immunity of all group members and constitute an extra layer of protection at the group level, combining behavioural, physiological and organisational adaptations. (wikipedia.org)
  • produce
  • where the organs, comparable to workers, work incessantly to produce the phenomena that constitute the life of the individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • A superorganism can be defined as "a collection of agents which can act in concert to produce phenomena governed by the collective", phenomena being any activity "the hive wants" such as ants collecting food and avoiding predators, or bees choosing a new nest site. (wikipedia.org)
  • division
  • The notion of physiological division of labor, introduced in the 1820s by the French physiologist Henri Milne-Edwards, allowed to "compare and study living things as if they were machines created by the industry of man. (wikipedia.org)
  • components
  • Further, although social immunity can be achieved through behavioural, physiological or organisational defences, these components are not mutually exclusive and often overlap. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • Electrokinetic techniques are a staple of microscale applications because of their unique ability to perform a variety of fluidic and electrophoretic processes in simple, compact systems with no moving parts. (jove.com)
  • control
  • Building science - collection of scientific knowledge that focuses on the analysis and control of the physical phenomena affecting buildings. (wikipedia.org)
  • single
  • Methods: An automatic or manual input in a single phase serves as an initialization from which the system starts to track the displacement of individual patterns representing anatomical structures over time. (jove.com)
  • individual
  • They exhibit a form of "distributed intelligence", a system in which many individual agents with limited intelligence and information are able to pool resources to accomplish a goal beyond the capabilities of the individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • The first being hypoalbuminemia which lowers the oncotic pressure within vessels resulting in hypovolemia and subsequent activation of the Renin-angiotensin system and thus retention of sodium and water. (wikipedia.org)
  • model
  • Such cases call for the use of model systems such as giant vesicles, liposomes or supported lipid bilayers (SLBs). (jove.com)
  • development
  • Cincinnati Children Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC), Imaging Systems GmbH, Advanced Medical Imaging Development SRL, The Christ Hospital. (jove.com)
  • levels
  • An integrated farming system aims to achieve acceptable profits and high and sustained production levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • variety
  • Anaerobic digestion systems have a variety of configurations, including the continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR), plug flow (PF), and anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR) configurations 9 . (jove.com)
  • functions
  • The enumeration of the principal functions - and consequently of the systems - remained almost the same since Antiquity, but the classification of them has been very various, e.g., compare Aristotle, Bichat, Cuvier. (wikipedia.org)
  • expression
  • Since over-expression of APP, or a subdomain of it, might lead to an immediately lethal effect, we used the Cre-LoxP System to regulate APP expression. (jove.com)