• glycemic load
  • Working with Walter Willett, Liu was among the first to introduce dietary glycemic load (GL) and quantify its physiological relevancy in population-based studies and prospectively link high GL to increased cardiovascular risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • sugars
  • Americans ages 1 and above consume significantly more added sugars, oils, saturated fats, and sodium than recommended in the Dietary Guidelines outlined by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical
  • Chemical digestion of carbohydrates picks up again in the small intestine as the pancreas delivers pancreatic amylase along with a battery of other digestive enzymes. (karelsavry.us)
  • This will include chemical compounds such as acetic or lactic acid, which are not normally considered carbohydrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, carbohydrates often display chemical groups such as: N-acetyl (e.g. chitin), sulphate (e.g. glycosaminoglycans), carboxylic acid (e.g. sialic acid) and deoxy modifications (e.g. fucose and sialic acid). (wikipedia.org)
  • fats
  • Carbohydrates and proteins provide 17 kJ approximately (4 kcal) of energy per gram, while fats provide 37 kJ (9 kcal) per gram, though the net energy from either depends on such factors as absorption and digestive effort, which vary substantially from instance to instance. (wikipedia.org)
  • diet
  • The Western pattern diet or standard American diet (SAD) is a modern dietary pattern that is generally characterized by high intakes of red and processed meat, butter, fried foods, high-fat dairy products, eggs, refined grains, potatoes, and high-sugar drinks. (wikipedia.org)
  • His book with Christian Allan: Life without Bread: How a low-carbohydrate diet can save your life is still in print after 16 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • This caused him, as early as the 1950s, to instigate a diet for long-term use that he felt to be low enough in carbohydrate to be compatible with our genetic inheritance and so restore the missing harmony. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hens like humans had moved from a largely animal to a largely carbohydrate diet and suffered similar changes in their arterial walls in old age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wolfgang Lutz also found that his low carbohydrate diet brought patients many general improvements amongst which were improved immune function, a calmer nervous system, better digestion, enhanced skin and tissue quality, and a positive effect on overall health. (wikipedia.org)
  • bread
  • They make up a large part of foods such as rice, noodles, bread, and other grain-based products, but they are not an essential nutrient, meaning a human does not need to eat carbohydrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • 3. Substitution of fat for carbohydrate is generally beneficial for markers for and incidence of CVD. (diabetes-book.com)
  • In the early 1960s, Wolfgang Lutz conducted ground-breaking hen-feeding trials which showed that, in hens, a reduction in carbohydrate - not of fat - reduced the incidence of arteriosclerosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nutrition
  • he showed low carbohydrate nutrition could lower cholesterol levels, normalise high and low levels of blood iron and calcium and ease many problems of reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • vitamins
  • The same year, he started research at the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory in Cambridge, working principally on the effects of dietary vitamins. (wikipedia.org)
  • source
  • The purpose of this statement is to review the available scientific data regarding the effect of the type or source of carbohydrate on the prevention and management of diabetes and to clarify the position of the American Diabetes Association on this important topic. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • A study has shown that mussels provide the best food along with a carbohydrate source in the form of agar, allowing faster grow rates in the lobster. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • The downstream stimulus-response processes are a current research interest (see e.g. [4, but, according to the view considered here, dietary fat has a generally passive role and deleterious effects of fat are almost always seen in the presence of high carbohydrate. (diabetes-book.com)
  • Diabetes
  • Whatever success low fat dietary approaches have had in improving diabetes is to be applauded but it is reasonable for patients to be aware of the potential benefits of an alternative approach which we present here. (diabetes-book.com)
  • High
  • On the day before the race, the athlete performs a very short, extremely high-intensity workout (such as a few minutes of sprinting) then consumes 12 g of carbohydrate per kilogram of lean mass over the next 24 hours. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently, sources of high-fructose carbohydrates, such as fruit and sweets, are less than optimal for the task. (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • Today, the term is generally understood in the biochemistry sense, which excludes compounds with only one or two carbons and includes many biological carbohydrates which deviate from this formula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbohydrate loading is generally recommended for endurance events lasting longer than 90 minutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • reduces
  • As the swallowed food/saliva mixture reaches the stomach, the acidic juice reduces the activity of salivary amylase, which halts carbohydrate digestion. (karelsavry.us)
  • fruits
  • Our pre-hominin primate ancestors were broadly herbivorous, relying on either foliage or fruits and nuts and the shift in dietary breadth during the Paleolithic is often considered a critical point in hominin evolution. (wikipedia.org)