Loading...
  • peritonitis
  • It is suggested that solutions made with acetate may provide greater protection from peritonitis. (bmj.com)
  • There is a risk that patients who receive PD solutions that contain endotoxins may develop aseptic peritonitis. (drugs.com)
  • Patients and healthcare professionals should continue to look out for any symptoms that suggest the development of aseptic peritonitis (e.g. cloudy effluent seen in drain bag at the end of dialysis, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and possibly fever) and report any cases as soon as possible. (drugs.com)
  • No differences were found between the two solutions for residual renal function, technique survival, peritonitis rates or on additional end points including CRP and D/Pcreat and 4 hour UF rates during a PET. (nephrologynow.com)
  • My guess is that the potential benefit of biocompatible solutions would be demonstrated quickest on the recovery of a sick mesothelium such as patients with peritonitis where more rapid healing and recovery with a return to normal cell counts faster may be a better test of their potential benefit to our PD patients. (nephrologynow.com)
  • fluid
  • Peritoneal dialysis is a procedure for removing toxic substances and metabolites normally excreted by the kidneys, and for aiding in the regulation of fluid and electrolyte balance. (drugs.com)
  • at least one reagent bed within the housing along the fluid flow path, wherein the at least one reagent bed comprises dry reagents in proportions suitable for peritoneal dialysis, wherein the reagent bed contains different reagents. (google.ca)
  • Lastly, the transient decline in residual kidney function may have been the result of extracellular fluid volume contraction among the low-sodium solution patients due to excessive sodium removal as has been seen before with aggressive sodium removal 4 . (ispdvancouver2018.org)
  • Note the batch number of the peritoneal dialysis solution bags you were using and bring them along with the drained fluid bag to your medical team. (drugs.com)
  • These side effects can be avoided and/or their severity lessened by limiting fluid intake between treatments or increasing the dose of dialysis e.g. dialyzing more often or longer per treatment than the standard three times a week, 3-4 hours per treatment schedule. (wikipedia.org)
  • With both IHF or IHDF, the substitution fluid is prepared on-line from dialysis solution by running dialysis solution through a set of two membranes to purify it before infusing it directly into the blood line. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, the substitution fluid used in CHF or CHDF is commercially prepared, prepackaged, and sterile (or sometimes is prepared in the local hospital pharmacy), avoiding regulatory issues of on-line creation of replacement fluid from dialysis solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dialysis treatments replace some of these functions through diffusion (waste removal) and ultrafiltration (fluid removal). (wikipedia.org)
  • Dialysis works on the principles of the osmosis of solutes and ultrafiltration of fluid across a semi-permeable membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • bicarbonate
  • Through dry storage and simple dissolution, even in a home, the invention enables a wider variety of solution constituents, including reduced acid content and the use of bicarbonate as a stable buffer component. (google.ca)
  • For another solute, bicarbonate, dialysis solution level is set at a slightly higher level than in normal blood, to encourage diffusion of bicarbonate into the blood, to act as a pH buffer to neutralize the metabolic acidosis that is often present in these patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • kidney failure
  • Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E, and K. Excessive amounts of these vitamins can be harmful for people with kidney failure because they can build up in the body and become toxic so they are not generally supplemented in dialysis patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • Since vitamins are necessary for proper metabolism, protein building, and growth it is important for the health of dialysis patients that they are supplemented with any vitamins or minerals that they may be deficient in. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, a dialysis membrane with a 10K MWCO will generally retain greater than 90% of a protein having a molecular mass of at least 10kDa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, it is not practical to separate a 30kDa protein from a 10kDa protein using dialysis across a 20K rated dialysis membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecules
  • In research laboratories, dialysis technique can also be used to separate molecules based on their size. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the context of life science research, the most common application of dialysis is for the removal of unwanted small molecules such as salts, reducing agents, or dyes from larger macromolecules such as proteins, DNA, or polysaccharides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diffusion is the random, thermal movement of molecules in solution (Brownian motion) that leads to the net movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to a lower concentration until equilibrium is reached. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dialysis can be used to either introduce or remove small molecules from a sample, because small molecules move freely across the membrane in both directions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Summary: Dialysis is the process used to change the matrix of molecules in a sample by differentiating molecules by the classification of size. (wikipedia.org)
  • Separating molecules in a solution by dialysis is a straightforward process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although dialyzing a sample is relatively simple, a universal dialysis procedure for all applications cannot be provided due to the following variables: The sample volume The size of the molecules being separated The membrane used The geometry of the membrane, which affects the diffusion distance Additionally, the dialysis endpoint is somewhat subjective and application specific. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatments
  • dialysis treatments at home can be self-initiated and managed or done jointly with the assistance of a trained helper who is usually a family member. (wikipedia.org)
  • These include frequency (how many treatments per week), length of each treatment, and the blood and dialysis solution flow rates, as well as the size of the dialyzer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore
  • The CHMP has therefore recommended that further safeguards be introduced into the procedures used for testing of PD solutions to minimise the risks for patients. (drugs.com)
  • Therefore, many dialysis patients are at risk for vitamin and mineral deficiencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pathology
  • From the Research Dialysis Center and Department of Pathology, Public Health Service Hospital, San Francisco, California 94118, U.S.A. (bmj.com)
  • osmotic
  • The osmotic activity of icodextrin keeps the solution inside the peritoneum for three to four days, separating tissues and thus reducing adhesion between them when fibrin is formed after a surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blood
  • The present findings suggest that the use of low sodium PD solutions are safe and may lead to improvements in blood pressure control and maintenance of euvolemia. (ispdvancouver2018.org)
  • If you have diabetes and use this solution, the dose of your drugs which regulate the blood sugar level (e.g. insulin) should be evaluated on a regular basis. (drugs.com)
  • The higher the strength of glucose in the solution, the greater the amount of water that will be removed from the blood. (drugs.com)
  • In general, the following vitamins and minerals are supplemented in dialysis patients: B vitamins- Water-soluble vitamins that play a role in red blood cell development to prevent anemia and contribute to metabolism to help change the foods you eat into energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • In the meantime, batches of PD solutions manufactured in Castlebar will have to be released to meet patients' needs. (drugs.com)
  • This is expected to ensure the supply of new unaffected PD solutions for patients as soon as possible. (drugs.com)
  • I would welcome further prospective studies among both incident and prevalent PD patients and the inclusion of APD patients assessing the impact of these solutions on the potential reduction of future cardiovascular events. (ispdvancouver2018.org)
  • In patients at high risk of bleeding, dialysis can be done without anticoagulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, many patients on dialysis must follow dietary restrictions, making it difficult for them to get the necessary amounts of certain vitamins and minerals to stay healthy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most dialysis patients will need to supplement vitamin C and B vitamins to replace what is lost in the dialysis solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nutrition for patients on dialysis varies on an individual basis. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be very confusing trying to determine which vitamins and minerals need to be supplemented and which do not so it is important for dialysis patients to speak with a doctor before making any changes to their nutritional plan. (wikipedia.org)
  • plant
  • LONDON, Jan. 21, 2011-The European Medicines Agency has been informed by Baxter that the problem of presence of endotoxins in peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions has not been solved and that it cannot guarantee the production of endotoxin-free solutions from a production line at its Castlebar plant in Ireland in the short-term. (drugs.com)
  • As a consequence, the Agency's Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP), at the request of the European Commission, started a full review of the manufacture of Baxter's dialysis solutions at the affected plant. (drugs.com)
  • peritoneum
  • Finally, in relatively healthy subjects I don't think that the detrimental effect of standard solutions on mesothelial cells and the immune system of the peritoneum found in the basic science lab will manifest rapidly enough to show up within a year, particularly on residual renal function. (nephrologynow.com)
  • process
  • http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/vitamineral.cfm http://www.nwkidney.org/nutrition/vitamin.htm Kidney disease Kidney dialysis Mahan, K., Escott-Stump, S., and Raymond, J. Krause's Food and the Nutrition Care Process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Best practices for peritoneal dialysis state that before peritoneal dialysis should be implemented, the person's understanding of the process and support systems should be assessed, with education on how to care for the catheter and to address any gaps in understanding that may exist. (wikipedia.org)
  • production
  • The MWCO of a membrane is the result of the number and average size of the pores created during production of the dialysis membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • units
  • This study demonstrates the difficulty of demonstrating superiority in a small RCT where loss to follow up, wide confidence intervals, small numbers, and end points that lack true validation (and also that likely differ between dialysis units lowering generalizability) reduce the chances of finding a difference if one truly exists. (nephrologynow.com)
  • Nocturnal in-center dialysis, 3-4 times per week, is also offered at a handful of dialysis units in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • either
  • Dialysis is used as a temporary measure in either acute kidney injury or in those awaiting kidney transplant and as a permanent measure in those for whom a transplant is not indicated or not possible. (wikipedia.org)