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  • lung
  • Techniques used for detecting early stages of pneumoconioses and the pathogenesis of dust related lung diseases were discussed. (cdc.gov)
  • Respiratory viruses also can cause serious lung infections. (yale.edu)
  • Healed lung tissue becomes a fibrous scar unable to perform respiratory duties. (britannica.com)
  • Spirometry is currently the most commonly performed lung function test in clinical practice and is considered to be the gold standard diagnostic test for asthma and COPD. (ersjournals.com)
  • 1 ] described the forced oscillation technique (FOT) as a tool to measure lung function using sinusoidal sound waves of single frequencies generated by a loud speaker and passed into the lungs during tidal breathing. (ersjournals.com)
  • According to the Aetna Clinical Policy Bulletin on ENB, "In 2004, the FDA cleared for marketing through the 510(k) process the Medtronic superDimension/Bronchus system, also known as the inReach system (superDimension, Ltd, Israel), a minimally invasive image-guidance localization and navigation system that uses electromagnetic guidance for the management of peripheral lung lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The system was designed to solve the clinical problem of reaching small suspected lesions in the peripheral lung airways and mediastinal lymph nodes and is being proposed as an alternative to open surgical biopsy of distant lung lesions and as an alternative to transthoracic implantation of radiosurgical markers. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are four publications that show that peripheral lung lesions can be diagnosed successfully in 69% to 86% of cases using the Medtronic superDimension system. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, a prospective…study was conducted to determine the ability of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy to sample peripheral lung lesions and mediastinal lymph nodes with standard bronchoscopic instruments and demonstrate safety the ENB. (wikipedia.org)
  • Involvement of respiratory muscles results in poor ability to cough and decreased ability to breathe well and leads to collapse of part or all of the lung leading to impaired gas exchange and an overall insufficiency in lung strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • The helium dilution technique for measuring lung volumes uses a closed, rebreathing circuit. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plethysmography technique applies Boyle's law and uses measurements of volume and pressure changes to determine lung volume, assuming temperature is constant. (wikipedia.org)
  • RIP is the most frequently used, established and accurate plethysmography method to estimate lung volume from respiratory movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • Fully updated and expanded to keep pace with the developments in this area of small animal practice, this new edition covers all aspects of treating reptile patients, including diagnosis, surgical techniques and euthanasia. (bsava.com)
  • Each chapter describes diagnosis and treatment, with step-by-step operative techniques for selected procedures. (bsava.com)
  • chest
  • Standard posterior/anterior chest X-rays are regarded as the standard technique for detecting mineral dust pneumoconioses. (cdc.gov)
  • asthma
  • Respiratory viruses cause one billion colds per year in the U.S. and are also the most common trigger of exacerbations of asthma, a disease affecting about 10% of the population. (yale.edu)
  • Particular breeds tend to have increased rates of certain respiratory disease, including asthma in Siamese breed felines. (vin.com)
  • Clinical
  • Clinical and radiological findings should guide the diagnostic approach, depending on the size and location of the tumour, the presence of metastatic disease, and the clinical status of the patient. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Complications from respiratory compromise are increasing rapidly across the clinical spectrum, partly due to expanded use of opioids combined with the lack of standardized guidelines among medical specialties. (wikipedia.org)
  • approach
  • While respiratory compromise creates problems that are often serious and potentially life-threatening, they are almost always preventable with the proper tools and approach. (wikipedia.org)
  • inspiratory
  • Measurement of maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures is indicated whenever there is an unexplained decrease in vital capacity or respiratory muscle weakness is suspected clinically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peak inspiratory flow (PifVt) is a measure that reflects respiratory drive, the higher its value, the greater the respiratory drive in the presence of coordinated thoraco-abdominal or even moderately discoordinated thoraco-abdominal movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • detects
  • Navigation is facilitated by an electromagnetic tracking system that detects a position sensor incorporated into a flexible catheter advanced through a bronchoscope. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hemagglutination inhibition (HI) is one method of serology that detects antibodies for diagnostic purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • respiration
  • However, accuracy issues arise when trying to assess accurate respiratory volumes from a single respiration band placed either at the thorax, abdomen or midline. (wikipedia.org)
  • This further limits quantification of many useful respiratory indices and limits utility to only respiration rates and other basic timing indices. (wikipedia.org)
  • viruses
  • We are investigating basic mechanisms whereby the body maintains airway health in the setting of frequent exposure to respiratory viruses. (yale.edu)
  • closely
  • Basically fiber diameter is closely related to function, e.g. cutaneous pain system is dependent on small fibers whereas discriminative touch is dependent on large fibers. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Radionuclide identification, radionuclide energies and half-lives, and commonly used radiopharmaceuticals for Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine procedures. (cod.edu)
  • consists
  • The system consists of several components: a guide catheter, a steerable navigation catheter, and planning and navigation software and hardware (i.e., computer and monitor). (wikipedia.org)
  • A respiratory inductance plethysmograph consists of two sinusoid wire coils insulated and placed within two 2.5 cm (about 1 inch) wide, lightweight elastic and adhesive bands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Imaging
  • Prerequisite: Admission to Nuclear Medicine Technology program and Diagnostic Medical Imaging Nuclear Medicine 1100, Diagnostic Medical Imaging Nuclear Medicine 1101, and Diagnostic Medical Imaging Nuclear Medicine 1111 or equivalent or consent of instructor. (cod.edu)
  • Comprehensive study of imaging and non-imaging techniques, instrumentation quality control, patient care, radiopharmacy, computer analysis and quality assurance. (cod.edu)
  • metabolic
  • Gene deletion and decay appear to have eliminated many important metabolic activities, including siderophore production, part of the oxidative and most of the microaerophilic and anaerobic respiratory chains, and numerous catabolic systems and their regulatory circuits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breathing over an extended period of time near maximum capacity can cause metabolic acidosis or hypoxemia, ultimately leading to respiratory muscle weakness. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxygen
  • Respiratory arrest will ensue once the patient depletes their oxygen reserves and loses the effort to breathe. (wikipedia.org)
  • One common symptom of respiratory arrest is cyanosis, a bluish discoloration of the skin resulting from an inadequate amount of oxygen in the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • However, the IOS provides extensive description of oscillatory pressure-flow relationships over a range of frequencies between 4 and 32 Hz and gives better mathematical analyses of resistance and reactance using the fast fourier transform (FFT) technique [ 3 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • However, a sneezing but otherwise seemingly healthy animal should have a comprehensive examination during which all organ systems are thoroughly evaluated. (vin.com)
  • functional
  • The method has been successfully employed to reveal functional properties of a number of neural systems, e.g. sensory systems related to touch, pain, and muscle sense as well as sympathetic activity controlling the constriction state of blood vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because fibers are mixed in most nerves, it is usually essential to record from an individual nerve fiber at a time to explore the properties of a functional system, although multi-unit recording has been very rewarding in studies of sympathetic efferent activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • neural
  • The 5 most significant components were selected as inputs to a quasi-Newton back-propagation neural network classification system. (cdc.gov)
  • To study nerve impulses of an identified neural system, a fine tungsten needle electrode is inserted into the nerve and connected to a high gain recording amplifier. (wikipedia.org)
  • The exact position of the electrode tip within the nerve is then adjusted in minute steps until the electrode discriminates impulses of the neural system of interest. (wikipedia.org)
  • damage
  • The two Swedish scientists who developed the microneuropgraphy technique (Hagbarth and Vallbo) handled the medical-ethical concern by performing a large series of experiments on their own nerves during a period of about 2 years while carefully checking for nerve damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • To save a patient suffering from respiratory arrest, the goal is to restore adequate ventilation and prevent further damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • perform
  • Accurate history taking is probably the single most important diagnostic test the clinician can perform in veterinary pulmonology. (vin.com)
  • presence
  • In each of these techniques, the antibodies for the protein of interest are added and the presence of the specific protein is indicated by a color change. (wikipedia.org)
  • tests
  • Translational research focuses on development of new diagnostic tests using patient samples from the Yale New Haven hospital virology laboratory. (yale.edu)
  • signals
  • Like most other neurological processes, the effects of cannabis on the brain follow the standard protocol of signal transduction, the electrochemical system of sending signals through neurons for a biological response. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because this response is a smooth continuous function, sampling with faster TRs helps only to map faster fluctuations like respiratory and heart rate signals. (wikipedia.org)
  • medicine
  • 3-76: nuclear medicine diagnostic procedure 3-70: scintigraphy 3-72: single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) 3-73: single-photon emission computed tomography with computed tomography (SPECT / CT) 3-74: positron emission tomography (PET) with full-ring scanner 3-75: positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET / CT) 3-76: probe measurements and incorporation 3-80. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health System
  • Diazepam is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Our technique and the associated software could reduce testing for antimicrobial resistance to a few days, allowing doctors to give precise antimicrobial treatment earlier than is currently possible. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Having decided against using the Norman system of horse litters, he settled on two- or four-wheeled horse-drawn wagons, which were used to transport fallen soldiers from the (active) battlefield after they had received early treatment in the field. (wikipedia.org)
  • help
  • In fact, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), herbicide-tolerant crops are particularly compatible with reduced-tillage commercial agriculture systems that help preserve topsoil from erosion. (bethanylutherancollege.com)
  • drug
  • Patient education and parent education for appropriate drug dosing, formulations and administration techniques. (emagister.in)