• reform in developin
  • Electricity sector reform in developing countries: an econometric assessment of the effects of privatization, competition and regulation ," Journal of Regulatory Economics , Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 159-178, April. (repec.org)
  • Electricity Sector Reform in Developing Countries: An Econometric Assessment of the Effects of Privatisation, Competition and Regulation ," Centre on Regulation and Competition (CRC) Working papers 30593, University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM). (repec.org)
  • Land Reform in Developing Countries: Property Rights and Property Wrongs is a 2009 book by the Leontief Prize-winning economist Michael Lipton. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lipton concludes that careful and recent work in Africa and elsewhere confirms that, "mainly due to the IR plus land scarcity, redistributive land reform in developing countries normally increases farm output. (wikipedia.org)
  • India
  • Dominated by India, the group has "defensive" concerns regarding agriculture in relation to World Trade Organisation negotiations, and seeks to limit the degree of market opening required of developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The advancement of technology and IT professions in India has resulted in a large number of digital library projects across the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • He also finished his review with some further critiques, especially in relation to land reform in India: "Indian readers will find much information in the book about other countries that is not usually available, and a flavour of issues still current elsewhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • This erroneous view has persisted for many years, but 2015 was the first year when investment in non-hydro renewables, was higher in developing countries, with $156 billion invested, mainly in China, India, and Brazil. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Mission of India serves as the Secretariat for the meetings of the L.69 Group of Developing Countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries is a peer-reviewed open-access journal published on behalf of the Research Society for the Study of Diabetes in India. (wikipedia.org)
  • empirical
  • Using panel data for 63 developed and developing countries covering the period 1982-2009, empirical models are developed and analyzed. (repec.org)
  • Overall, based on empirical evidence, the study found that application of competitive market models in electricity industries makes electricity price-cost margins converge towards the average and prices more cost-reflective by reducing the size of cross subsidies between industrial and residential consumers, after controlling for industry and country-specific variables. (repec.org)
  • mainly
  • It mainly holds the view that high transport costs due to distance and terrain result in the erosion of competitive edge for exports from landlocked countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, it recognizes the constraints on landlocked countries to be mainly physical, including lack of direct access to the sea, isolation from world markets and high transit costs due to physical distance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Barriers to addressing water problems in developing nations are focused mainly around issues of poverty, education, and poor governance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kenya
  • In fact, HDI levels decrease as one moves inland along the major transit route that runs from the coast of Kenya, across the country before going through Uganda, Rwanda and then finally Burundi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore
  • Furthermore, the study suggests that power consumption, income level, electricity losses and country specific features constitute other important determinants of convergence towards average electricity price-cost margin and cross-subsidy levels between consumer groups. (repec.org)
  • Debt
  • The debt of developing countries refers to the external debt incurred by governments of developing countries, generally in quantities beyond the governments' ability to repay. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people argue against forgiving debt on the basis that it would motivate countries to default on their debts, or to deliberately borrow more than they can afford, and that it would not prevent a recurrence of the problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • It summarizes the evidence on the efficiency, equity and fiscal consequences of the main public and private financing options commonly used to achieve these goals in these countries. (repec.org)
  • Economic
  • Trade Liberalisation and Wages in Developing Countries ," Economic Journal , Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(493), pages 73-96, February. (repec.org)
  • Due to a variety of economic, historic, environmental and political factors, libraries and archival repositories in developing countries face exceptional challenges in book and manuscript preservation. (wikipedia.org)
  • regularly
  • The emphasis is on developing a logical approach, and it allows for clinicians to develop personal choices in medicines (a personal formulary) which they may use regularly. (wikipedia.org)
  • transition
  • According to authors such as Walt Whitman Rostow developing countries are in transition from traditional lifestyles towards the modern lifestyle which began in the Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • These countries are coping with the transition from being under Soviet rule to self-governing states. (wikipedia.org)
  • projects
  • Next, the developing projects that some loans would support were often unwisely led and failed because of the lender's incompetence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently, German Doctors operates 8 medical projects, based in 5 countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study including 88 communities in 14 countries showed that projects where men and women from intended user households were included in selection of site facilities, and where water projects were initiated by user households, rather than by external agencies or local leaders, achieved a final higher access to services than those that did not. (wikipedia.org)
  • authorities
  • If FMD is suspected on postmortem examination the carcass and viscera are condemned and appropriate action recommended by the regulatory authorities of the country must be taken. (fao.org)
  • pharmaceutical
  • The European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership or EDCTP is a partnership between the European Union (EU), Norway, Switzerland and developing countries and other donors, as well as the pharmaceutical industry, to enable clinical trials and the development of new medicines and vaccines against HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • structural change
  • The impact of technology and structural change on export performance on nine developing coutries ," Economics and Quantitative Methods qf0219, Department of Economics, University of Insubria. (repec.org)
  • China's impact is clearest on East Asian countries: in other developing regions, it was swamped by other causes of structural change. (repec.org)
  • Group
  • The group has advocated the creation of a "special products" exemption, which would allow developing countries to exempt certain products from tariff reductions, and also a "special safeguard mechanism" which would permit tariff increases in response to import surges. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Developing Areas Study Group session is a group of speakers from all over the energy businesses discuss the potential ideas to get developing countries the renewable energy that they need. (wikipedia.org)
  • As well as producing training programs and publications, the group is undertaking research in a number of member countries, focused primarily on changing behavior to improve drug use. (wikipedia.org)
  • collaboration
  • EDCTP-funded activities are based on: North/North networking and co-ordination Partnerships among the EU and associated countries, allowing focused collaboration of national and European efforts that were not previously coordinated. (wikipedia.org)
  • billion
  • As the first week of the Nov. 6-17 U.N. climate summit in Bonn, Germany, drew towards a close, the European Union, Switzerland and Canada reiterated their commitment to increase financial help to developing countries to US$100 billion per year by 2020. (flipboard.com)
  • European
  • It also attributes geographic remoteness as one of the most significant reasons why developing landlocked nations cannot alleviate[clarification needed] themselves, while European landlocked cases are mostly developed because of short distances to the sea through well-developed countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Later it spread further to Germany, United States, France and other Western European countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • experience
  • We are currently testing Facebook Lite in countries where we are seeing lots of new users coming to Facebook for the first time, and are looking to start off with a more simple experience," Facebook said. (theregister.co.uk)
  • It covers most of the drug supply processes and is built up from research and experience in many developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conference
  • The Fourth UN Conference on Least Developed Countries (LDC-IV) was held in Istanbul, Turkey, 9-13 May 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • The G33 (or the Friends of Special Products in agriculture) is a coalition of developing countries, established prior to the 2003 Cancun ministerial conference, that have coordinated during the Doha Round of World Trade Organisation negotiations, specifically in regard to agriculture. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • It does not provide quantitative information on research being carried out in international centres located in developing countries, or on the level of funding any individual technology receives. (scidev.net)
  • Over 50 correspondents from 54 countries contribute to the database, with articles about individual countries' policy frameworks, research institutes and biosafety regulations. (scidev.net)
  • The research findings suggest that, in most cases, reform process causes price-cost margins in different countries to move towards their average value. (repec.org)
  • problems
  • We, in principle, wanted to emphasize on topics like (i) emerging water problems in developing countries, (ii) emerging pollutants in water environment, (iii) health-related issues of water environment, (iv) water analysis tools and techniques, (v) flood-related issues, (vi) public involvement and participation, and so forth. (hindawi.com)
  • Munoz-Sola also points out that many developing countries are in tropical climates, and thus face these problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • regions
  • In common practice, Japan in Asia, Canada and the United States in northern America, Australia and New Zealand in Oceania and western Europe are considered "developed" regions or areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • Despite these explanations, it is also important to consider the transit countries that neighbour LLDCs, from whose ports the goods of LLDCs are exported. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aside from his work at Cornell, Dean has made important contributions towards improving preservation efforts in developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kenya's "Country Strategy on Integrated Water Resource Management" addresses the issue of gender and water source: As women play an important role in provision, management and safeguarding of water, particular attention will be placed on adequately incorporating and representing gender considerations in water resource management. (wikipedia.org)
  • higher
  • Water supply schemes in developing nations have shown higher success when planned and run with full participation of women in the affected communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • resources
  • Young adults in developing countries may have a lack of essential resources, but they do have access to the Internet. (forbes.com)
  • Much of the country suffers from a severe arid climate, with only scarce few areas enjoying rain and access to water resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Without proper resources and training, many countries around the world struggle to maintain books and manuscripts as part of their cultural history. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most developing countries have abundant renewable energy resources, including solar energy, wind power, geothermal energy, and biomass, as well as the ability to manufacture the relatively labor-intensive systems that harness these. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papers written by W. Morgan, R. Moss and P. Richard discuss the opportunities of renewable resources that lie within the developing country as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Department of Water Management, Country Strategy on Integrated Water Resources Management, Section IV. (wikipedia.org)