What is HPV DNA studies and what should I do?


  • I took a thin prep pap smear last year and the result shown suggestive with HPV infection. The recommendation shows suggest HPV DNA studies. What is that? How bad/serious is that and what should I do next?
  • Some types of HPV cause cervical cancer, and some cause genital warts. What's interesting, though, is that the genital warts strains can sometimes cause cervical dyplasia, but this would not progress to cancer. Most gynecologists I know don't actually recommend HPV DNA testing, but it's actually a really good idea!! They can use your pap smear sample (or get a new one) and tell you which strains of HPV you have. If you have one of the cancer-causing ones, they might want to do more tests on you, or follow up with you more frequently. They will do a colposcopy where they examine your cervix under a microscope and might do a biopsy if they see something suspiscious. (This procedure is no big deal!) They might recommend treatment, or just follow ups (probably every 3 months) until the HPV goes away. If you don't have a cancer-causing strain, your chances of cervical cancer are near zero, so they will probably just have you repeat the pap smear in 6 months or so. Whatever this is, even if you have a cancer-0causing type of HPV, if you go to all your follow ups, you doctor can treat anything BEFORE it becomes cancer. So no, this is NOT a big deal. It's very common, usually requires NO treatment, and if treatment is required, it's easy treatment and you will be 100% fine.

What you think of new born babies going through a dna test for paternity?


  • This is because I have known of men that have paid child support for a child they believed to be theirs and years later to find out the child is not even theres. I have heard a lot of children do not know their paternal side because of the cost of the dna process.
  • I think people should stop sleeping around. I think its totally unacceptable for the paternity of a child to be in question. You should be in a solid relationship before getting pregnant, only have sex with one person, and you should always know who the father of your baby is, it shouldn't be a question. But, for the sake of the poor children, yes, get a DNA test (if you're one of those that's unsure who the father is).

How do you feel about DNA manipulation and gender selection?


  • Gender selection is obviously done before the egg is fertilized, by selecting a sperm with male or female chomosomes and DNA manipulation can be done to weed out disease and "imperfection" it can also be used to determine the look of you child--eye color hair color...
  • I don't like it. I think couples should be pleased with whatever baby they get, lots of people in the world are having still births and miscarriages as we speak, so those who can easily have kids should be greatful with whatever they get, it doesn't matter if it's a boy or a girl. I've never understood why the gender matters so much to some people. It was never significant to me, or my wife. We were glad to be blessed with healthy children. I think it could be hurtful to the other children in the family if their parents keep trying and trying for a specific gender, they may think they weren't good enough or their parents weren't pleased to have them. However if it's for ''weeding out'' diseases like cancer, if that's one day possible, I fully support that and I'm sure we all would.

How accurate are over the counter DNA tests?


  • Not sure if anyone can tell me this or not, but I've heard that Walgreens and CVS sell over the counter DNA tests. My husband wants a DNA test on our baby and that seems like the cheapest option. Does anyone know how reliable or accurate they are?
  • I work for IDENTIGENE the company that makes the over the counter DNA Paternity Testing Kit. It is true that once samples are collected they are sent to our lab for processing. Our lab follows very specific procedures required for accurate DNA Testing to ensure that your results are as accurate and conclusive as possible. You can find more information on our company on our website listed in the sources below.

How much does it cost to get paternal DNA test?


  • My brother and I both had relations unknowingly with the same woman. Now she is pregnant and she told us she doesn't know which one of us it is. How much do DNA tests cost that confirm which one of us it really is?
  • DNA tests can be costly.. you could always call Maury, he does them for free! you just have to go on national TV, and let the whole world know your business! best of luck!

what is the difference between blood type and dna?


  • I am trying to figure out of 2 men i had sex with which is the father of my child. My child is B+ I am O- and one of the men he is A+, is it possible that he is the father. I called the dna lab and they said that blood type and dna are 2 different things that they use that in the old days when dna test were not around so my thing is if it was good back then why not today. Can some one help me in the difference between blood type and dna.
  • DNA is the specific genetic code that makes you who you are. Your DNA is specific to you, and no one else. Blood type refers to the antigens that are present in your blood- there are four basic blood types- A, B, O and AB. Everyone has one of these four blood types. You can disprove paternity with blood type, but you cannot prove it. In other words, you can say it is not possible for someone to be the father, but not that one specific person is definitely the father. That is why DNA is now used- it removes all guesswork.

How do you feel about DNA mapping and finger printing for kids in school?


  • Got a flyer from school this morning, apparently not only do they photograph and finger print, they also foot print and take a DNA sample now... Any thoughts? It's not a forced thing, it's an "offer" And I believe it's a hair sample for the DNA I'm thinking it's one of those "in case your child is missing or abducted" type of things...
  • I fingerprinted my own kids. And I already have way too many photographs. It's not that I'm not every bit as eager to protect my kids as anyone from abduction, but I do worry that in someone's hands other than mine it could one day work against them. What if he got framed for a crime and his fingerprints were on the same cash register because he worked there. What if someone looked up his DNA unethically because it was accessible? What if... a dozen other scenarios.

Which disease is treated with drugs to have similar structure to DNA nucleotide?


  • A Malaria B HIV C Tuberculosis (TB) D Sickle cell anaemia I chose D as the answer. I think that since sickle-cells are caused by gene mutation, so by means using DNA nucleotide drugs to treat it will be more reasonable? I'm not sure with the other choices. So what's your answer and explanation then? Thanks in advance.
  • B HIV Nucleoside & nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI, NtRTI) inhibit reverse transcription by being incorporated into the newly synthesized viral DNA and preventing its further elongation. The mode of action of NRTIs and NtRTIs is essentially the same; they are analogues of the naturally occurring deoxynucleotides needed to synthesize the viral DNA and they compete with the natural deoxynucleotides for incorporation into the growing viral DNA chain. However, unlike the natural deoxynucleotides substrates, NRTIs and NtRTIs lack a 3'-hydroxyl group on the deoxyribose moiety. As a result, following incorporation of an NRTI or an NtRTI, the next incoming deoxynucleotide cannot form the next 5'-3' phosphodiester bond needed to extend the DNA chain. Thus, when an NRTI or NtRTI is incorporated, viral DNA synthesis is halted, a process known as chain termination. All NRTIs and NtRTIs are classified as competitive substrate inhibitors. ....... The gene that causes red blood cells to sickle was identified more than 40 years ago. Researchers are looking at two methods of using that knowledge for gene therapy: -take out some of the person's cells, "fix" the defective gene, and put it back in the bone marrow so that only the correct version of the gene will be made. -figure out how to "turn off" the defective gene and "turn on" another gene that makes healthy hemoglobin. Neither method has been demonstrated to be clinically applicable thus far.