• person's
  • A method used to identify multilocus DNA banding patterns that are specific to an individual by exposing a sample of the person's DNA to molecular probes and various analytical techniques such as Southern blot analysis. (dictionary.com)
  • Fingerprint:An impression or mark made on a surface by a person's fingertip, especially as used for identifying individuals from the unique pattern of whorls and lines. (smore.com)
  • Additionally, in a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Pathology in 2015, the researchers at Washington University's School of Medicine Genomics and Pathology Services center in St Louis, MO, determined that 2% of tissue samples received in their lab for next generation sequencing were contaminated by another person's DNA to an extent to be clinically significant (i.e. greater than 5% of the sample was contaminated). (wikipedia.org)
  • forensics
  • In addition, RFLP required large amounts of high-quality DNA, which limited its application in forensics . (britannica.com)
  • In criminal investigation, called forensics, the DNA analysis has been accepted by the justice system of many countries as a definite way to establish identity of a person. (hubpages.com)
  • Jeffreys
  • The then usual scientific tests pointed towards a local youth named Richard Buckland, whose blood type and enzyme profile matched the evidence from the bodies: he confessed under questioning, but when Jeffreys conducted full DNA testing on semen samples thanks to extraction techniques developed by the Forensic Science Service - he conclusively demonstrated that Buckland could not have been the rapist. (information-britain.co.uk)
  • laboratory
  • The Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology performs human identification using DNA profiling techniques , mainly for the Department of Justice in Belgium. (ugent.be)
  • The laboratory is recognized by the Department of Justice as a forensic DNA laboratory in criminal cases and has a BELAC accreditation since September 15th, 1996. (ugent.be)
  • He was in his laboratory at the University of Leicester looking at X-ray images of the DNA make-up of several members of his technician s family, and noted their similarities and their differences. (information-britain.co.uk)
  • STRs
  • There is only one individual found with a specific STRs in a population of 100 trillion with the use of 13 STRs, called CODIS (combined DNA index system) which is the standard in the United States. (hubpages.com)
  • Around the same time, high throughput sequencing allowed researchers to process vast amounts of DNA, but using methods that were ineffectual in repeated DNA, including STRs. (bio-medicine.org)
  • fragment
  • PCR amplifies the desired fragment of DNA (e.g., a specific STR) many times over, creating thousands of copies of the fragment. (britannica.com)
  • There are many advantages to AFLP when compared to other marker technologies including randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), and microsatellites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cosmid/BAC/YAC can also be used to get bigger clone of DNA fragment than vectors like plasmid and phagemid. (wikipedia.org)
  • PCR is an approach used to clone a small piece of fragment of DNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • PCR can only clone very small fragment of DNA, which generally does not exceed 10kbp. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Research programs to locate inherited disorders on the chromosomes depend on the information contained in DNA fingerprints. (accessexcellence.org)
  • By electronically combining all of the research data, the team identified hundreds of variable sites in the DNA while assembling one of the largest dispersed global collections of plague isolates. (newswise.com)
  • Besides the routine DNA typing for the Department of Justice, our lab performs research in the field of DNA analysis in order to optimize and improve the procedures. (ugent.be)
  • molecular
  • Sangita Mukhopadhyay (born January 1, 1966) is an Indian molecular cell biologist, immunologist and the head of the molecular biology group at the Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics. (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • DNA fingerprinting is accepted as evidence in criminal trials, as well as in courts for establishing paternity and in identifying remains. (dictionary.com)
  • In many cases ranging from the famed O.J. Simpson murder trial to the JonBenet Ramsey case, DNA had been used to acquire evidence leading to a possible conviction. (bartleby.com)
  • Called DNA fingerprint or DNA profile it has been accepted as an evidence in court in United Kingdom since 1986, and in the United States since 1987. (hubpages.com)
  • But in reality, the processing of forensic DNA evidence takes much longer than a 60-minute primetime slot. (bio-medicine.org)
  • drop of blood
  • A drop of blood or the root of a hair contains enough DNA for testing. (smore.com)
  • DNA is also sensitive -- just one forty-millionth of a drop of blood can produce a result" (Platt, R. "DNA Analysis. (hubpages.com)
  • radioactive
  • The fragments underwent autoradiography in which they were exposed to DNA probes-pieces of synthetic DNA that were made radioactive and that bound to the minisatellites. (britannica.com)
  • The sample is given radioactive probes which bonds to the DNA. (bartleby.com)
  • sample
  • The procedure for creating a DNA fingerprint consists of first obtaining a sample of cells , such as skin, hair, or blood cells, which contain DNA. (britannica.com)
  • The use of a sample of DNA to determine the identity of a person within a certain probability. (dictionary.com)
  • Only a small sample of cells is needed for DNA fingerprinting . (smore.com)
  • An analysis of a DNA sample shows the alleles that it contains. (hubpages.com)
  • A small sample can be amplified where the amount of DNA is increased such that it is amenable for analysis, according to Platt. (hubpages.com)
  • create
  • This is why many scientists and prosecutors believe DNA is a great way to create an open-and-shut case. (bartleby.com)
  • To create a victim or perpetrator's DNA profile the U.S. Federal Bure. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Measures
  • As data substantiates, SPCs are an under-recognized problem in clinical practice that warrants further investigation and consideration of additional safety measures such as required DNA testing to confirm the identity of biopsy samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • technology
  • An additional application of DNA fingerprint technology is the diagnosis of inherited disorders in adults, children, and unborn babies. (accessexcellence.org)
  • And I tend to agree with Judge Joseph's assertion, but with the invention and implementation of DNA profiling and technology has come numerous problems. (bartleby.com)
  • hair
  • Our lab can also perform analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) , specifically on samples where nuclear typing has failed or cannot be performed such as hair without a root. (ugent.be)
  • certain
  • In theory, this argument is true, but many believe certain factors can lead to inconsistent data gathered from DNA. (bartleby.com)
  • profile
  • The earth has only 6 billion people (in contrast to the 100 trillion domain of CODIS) that is why DNA profile-CODIS is reliable in establishing the identity of a person, according to Cummings. (hubpages.com)
  • made
  • The DNA pieces are passed through a gel made from seaweed agarose (a jelly-like product made from seaweed). (accessexcellence.org)
  • Based upon DNA variation detected from these comparisons, we determined that the original plague strains that infected the U.S. had their origin in Asia and likely made their way to California via Hawaii. (newswise.com)
  • What made you want to look up DNA fingerprinting ? (merriam-webster.com)
  • samples
  • Forensic DNA samples frequently are degraded or are collected postmortem , which means that they are lower-quality and subject to producing less-reliable results than samples that are obtained from a living individual. (britannica.com)
  • In special and very urgent cases, DNA identification can be performed within 24 hours after receipt of the samples (max. (ugent.be)
  • known
  • It should be known that the theoretical chances of someone having the some DNA fingerprint of someone else is said by some to be as little as one in one quadrillion. (bartleby.com)
  • type
  • This type of DNA fingerprinting can be used to characterize both natural and nefarious plague outbreaks-which is crucial when a bacterium is used as a biological weapon. (newswise.com)
  • We are t We are tooling up to DNA fingerprint large numbers (100's to 1,000's) of individuals, and would like to ask the following questions of fellow bio.netters: 1) Can anyone suggest or recommend software (DOS) for handling pen-and-tablet type digitizers. (bio.net)