• Patients
  • This study found no association between isotretinoin use and CD, but a small excess risk of CD in patients with a diagnosis of acne. (springer.com)
  • Objective The aim of this study was to explore the impact of cardiovascular medication on different daily life aspects and to examine differences of these aspects between adherent and non-adherent patients. (springer.com)
  • Method In this cross-sectional study patients (≥ 45 years) using cardiovascular medication participated. (springer.com)
  • The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of chronic cardiovascular medication use on different aspects of patients' daily lives and to examine the differences of these aspects between adherent and non-adherent patients. (springer.com)
  • Procedures
  • All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. (springer.com)
  • Journal
  • Charles Kwame R. Gyamfi, Isaac Amankwaa, Frank Owusu Sekyere, and Daniel Boateng, "Noise Exposure and Hearing Capabilities of Quarry Workers in Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study," Journal of Environmental and Public Health , vol. 2016, Article ID 7054276, 7 pages, 2016. (hindawi.com)
  • describe
  • Simply put, it is a study that aims to describe the relationship between diseases (or other health-related states) and other factors of interest as they exist in a specified population at a particular time, without regard for what may have preceded or precipitated the health status found at the time of the study. (encyclopedia.com)
  • obese
  • They found that it actually appears to be a factor linked with the presence of knee pain as well as osteoarthritis in obese study subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • ineffective
  • For example, if people who have a more refractory or serious problem tend to drop out of a study at a higher rate, even a completely ineffective treatment may appear to be providing benefits if one merely compares the condition before and after the treatment for only those who finish the study (ignoring those who were enrolled originally, but have since been excluded or dropped out). (wikipedia.org)
  • One low quality study found that zopiclone is ineffective in improving sleep quality or increasing sleep time in shift workers - more research in this area has been recommended. (wikipedia.org)
  • conclusions
  • Special emphasis is given to explaining the challenges that social scientists face in drawing conclusions about cause and effect from their studies, and offers an overview of the approaches that are used to overcome these challenges. (coursera.org)
  • infection
  • One possible study design would be to sample 100 infected subjects, randomly give them the treatment or the placebo, and see if the infection is still present after a set time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another possible study design would be to give 50 infected subjects the treatment, 50 infected subjects the placebo, and see if the infection is still present after a set time. (wikipedia.org)
  • The final possible study design would be to give 50 infected subjects the treatment, 50 infected subjects the placebo, and stop the experiment once a set number of subjects has healed from the infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • periodontal
  • This study assessed the effect of qat chewing on periodontal health, independent of other risk factors. (hindawi.com)
  • Several studies did show a significant association between qat chewing and periodontal destruction based on comparisons between chewer and nonchewer groups [ 7 - 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • found
  • The large scale KANWU study found that increasing monounsaturated fat and decreasing saturated fat intake could improve insulin sensitivity, but only when the overall fat intake of the diet was low. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Intention to treat analyses are done to avoid the effects of crossover and dropout, which may break the random assignment to the treatment groups in a study. (wikipedia.org)
  • observations
  • Future studies to further validate our observations are warranted in order to implement multidisciplinary clinical guidelines. (hindawi.com)
  • include
  • For instance, a single cross-sectional study may include questions about smoking behavior, occupational exposure to dusts and fumes, respiratory symptoms (cough, breathlessness), and physical examinations of physical fitness - including simple tests of lung function. (encyclopedia.com)
  • interest
  • We have read with great interest the study of Karukunchit et al published in Patient Preference and Adherence . (dovepress.com)
  • subjects
  • Ninety-six subjects with macromastia and 103 control subjects participated in this study. (aappublications.org)
  • There was an apparent increase from 1% to 2% to 3% over the three study periods, which may have been due to an increase of dentate subjects in the older age groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • Studies have shown that substituting dietary monounsaturated fat for saturated fat is associated with increased daily physical activity and resting energy expenditure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical
  • On the contrary, studies have frequently demonstrated decreased gingival inflammation, decreased pocket depths, or/and lower level of clinical attachment loss on the chewing sides compared to the nonchewing sides [ 9 - 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • analysis
  • ITT is also simpler than other forms of study design and analysis because it does not require observation of compliance status for units assigned to different treatments or incorporation of compliance into the analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • design
  • This type of design is uncommon, but has the same structure as the 'lady tasting tea' study that led to R. A. Fisher creating Fisher's Exact test. (wikipedia.org)
  • previous studies
  • however, previous studies have proposed both direct and indirect mechanisms. (hindawi.com)
  • This is consistent with previous studies that demonstrated high co-morbidity of somatic, depressive, and anxious symptoms (i.e. the somatization-anxiety-depression triad). (wikipedia.org)