• cattle
  • The disease is different in cattle and sheep and cross-infection is not thought to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of this success can be attributed to sustained cattle controls reducing cross-infection and breaking the disease cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1930s, 40% of cattle in the UK were infected with M. bovis and there were 50,000 new cases of human M. bovis infection every year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Badgers (Meles meles) were first identified as carriers of M. bovis in 1971, but the report of an independent review committee in 1997 (The Krebs Report) concluded that while there was 'strong circumstantial evidence to suggest that badgers represent a significant source of M. bovis infection in cattle. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Actual infections in humans are nowadays rare in developed countries, mainly because pasteurisation kills M. bovis bacteria in infected milk. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instances of mortality from S. canis in humans are very low with only a few reported cases, while actual instances of infection may be underreported due to mischaracterizations of the bacteria as S. dysgalactiae. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Other signs and symptoms may include sinus infections, poor growth, fatty stool, clubbing of the fingers and toes, and infertility in most males. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media The main signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis are salty-tasting skin, poor growth, and poor weight gain despite normal food intake, accumulation of thick, sticky mucus, frequent chest infections, and coughing or shortness of breath. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inflammation and infection cause injury and structural changes to the lungs, leading to a variety of symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • In cacao trees, first symptoms of infection usually present as a sparse white mycelium on the bark surface, which can be easily overlooked. (wikipedia.org)
  • lung
  • Long-term issues include difficulty breathing and coughing up mucus as a result of frequent lung infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrous oxide (N2O), also known as "laughing gas", easily crosses the alveoli of the lung and is dissolved into the passing blood, where it travels to the brain, leaving a dissociated and euphoric feeling in most cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • sheep
  • Sheep custodians can assist by ensuring infected lambs receive sufficient milk and separating out the infected stock to slow down cross-transmission to healthy animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • hygiene
  • Our surgery incorporates the latest technology and design to give optimum patient comfort, also maintaining the highest standards of hygiene and cross infection protocol. (dentalclinic.ie)
  • Strict hygiene measures should be adopted, to minimise the risk of infection spreading to other horses. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Targeted hygiene is based on identifying the routes of pathogen spread in the home and introducing hygiene practices at critical times to break the chain of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs
  • It is vital that veterinary advice is sought as soon as a horse shows signs of a possible infection. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • The infection takes three weeks to have an obvious effect, with the first signs (muscle stiffness, spasms and a reluctance to move) often becoming apparent some time after the wound has healed. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Signs of infection, which begin to develop a few days after exposure to the virus, include a husky cough and nasal discharge (which changes over a period of four to five days from thin to thick mucus), combined with general signs of ill health. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • risk
  • 20 ] reported that lower consumption of raw vegetables was significantly associated with higher risk of H. pylori infection in a group of Iranian students. (springer.com)
  • The International Standards Organization recommended abandoning the use of the name "jet injector" which is associated with carrying a risk of cross-contamination and rather refer to newer devices as "needle-free injectors. (wikipedia.org)
  • In medical settings, single-use needles and syringes effectively reduce the risk of cross-contamination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • Research on the risks of cross-contamination arose immediately after the invention of jet injection technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Another severe case was reported pharyngitis, genital lesions and infection of the hooves which led to lameness and, in some cases, sloughing of the hoof. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • To examine the association between dietary habits and Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection among patients at a tertiary healthcare center in Lebanon. (springer.com)
  • skin
  • The first sign of a foot-rot infection is when the skin between the claws of the hoof begins to swell (cellulitis). (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Infected locations can include the finger, hand, arm, face and even the penis (caused by infection either from the hand during urination or from bestiality). (wikipedia.org)
  • area
  • There were no statistically significant differences between variables such as ward or area of work, nature of patient contact, time since qualification, level of qualification or length of employment at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. (journals.co.za)