• Dura
  • The bony wall of the middle cranial fossa has been removed so that the dura mater (9), which encloses the tip of the temporal lobe, is exposed. (stanford.edu)
  • Windows cut in the bone of the anterior cranial fossa expose the dura mater (8) in two locations. (stanford.edu)
  • At our institution, the use of vascularized, free-tissue transfer has replaced pedicled flaps as the preferred modality for reconstructing complex cranial base defects involving resection of dura, brain, or multiple major structures adjacent to skull base, including the orbit, palate, mandible, skin, and other structures. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Free flaps provide reliable, well-vascularized soft tissue to seal the dura, obliterate dead space, cover exposed cranial bone, and provide cutaneous coverage for skin or mucosa. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • tumors
  • Recent reports (9, 12, 17, 24, 32, 34-37) have presented an optimistic outlook for patients harboring this pathological abnormality, but at least one senior neurosurgeon (30) has expressed his reservations concerning the morbidity associated with aggressive surgical treatment of tumors that affect the cranial base. (c3.hu)
  • Tumors that may arise along the pharyngeal mucosal space such as squamous cell cancer of the tonsilar fossa. (scribd.com)
  • surgically
  • The goal of this project is to use image-guided surgery to program a laser to raster over vital anatomy providing an identifying outline of deep structures in the middle cranial fossa before they are surgically uncovered. (vanderbilt.edu)
  • skull
  • The hematoma may spread downwards and backwards behind the ear, which may be confused with Battle's sign (a sign of a base of skull fracture), although this is an uncommon finding so if present, intra-cranial injury must be ruled out. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • The Raeder's syndrome, a lesion of the middle cranial fossa, was named after him. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, a number of symptoms may result from large cysts: Cranial deformation or macrocephaly (enlargement of the head), particularly in children Cysts in the suprasellar region in children have presented as bobbing and nodding of the head called bobble-head doll syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • inner
  • These classification of cysts are embedded in the endoderm (inner layer) and the ectoderm (outer layer) of the cranial or spinal cord germ layers. (wikipedia.org)
  • space
  • The mastoid antrum (tympanic antrum, antrum mastoideum, Valsalva's antrum) is an air space in the petrous portion of the temporal bone, communicating posteriorly with the mastoid cells and anteriorly with the epitympanic recess of the middle ear via the aditus to mastoid antrum (entrance to the mastoid antrum). (wikipedia.org)