• conducted in 2
  • A further study conducted in 2017 examined differences in decision-making behavior among genders in the "Taking Game" variation of the dictator game in which the dictator decides how much utility to "take" from the recipient's pre-determined endowment, versus the standard "Giving Game" model in which the dictator decides how much utility to give to the recipient. (wikipedia.org)
  • causally
  • Studies by Nicholas A. Christakis and Fowler suggested a variety of individuals' attributes like obesity, smoking cessation, and happiness rather than being individualistic, are causally correlated by contagion mechanisms that transmit these behaviors over long distances within social networks. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • In Human Behavior and Adaptation: An Anthropological Perspective , edited by Lee Cronk, William Irons, and Napoleon Chagnon, pp 27.46. (washington.edu)
  • Connected draws on previously published and unpublished studies, including the Framingham Heart Study and makes several new conclusions about the influence of social networks on human health and behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Connected, they put forward their "three degrees of influence" rule about human behavior, which theorizes that each person's individual social influence stretches three degrees before it fades out. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the tasks of sociocybernetics is to map, measure, harness, and find ways of intervening in the parallel network of social forces that influence human behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • prey
  • Writing in the current issue of the journal Biotropica, O'Donnell and biologists Michael Kaspari of the University of Oklahoma and John Lattke of Universidad Central de Venezuela, propose that mass cooperative food foraging, a key element in the behavior of army ants, may have begun as a way to subdue large prey. (eurekalert.org)
  • It had been previously identified, but little was known about its behavior or prey until the two chance encounters at the Tiputini Biodiversity Station, an ecological preserve in eastern Ecuador. (eurekalert.org)
  • study
  • The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between children's oppositional behavior and the following two variables: number of commands issued and time from command presentation. (biomedsearch.com)
  • conducted a study to evaluate the effects of perceived attractiveness on decision-making behavior and altruism in the standard dictator game, testing theories that altruism may serve as a courtship display. (wikipedia.org)
  • Male alliances involve complex interactions with many costs and benefits, making the study of such cooperative behavior both difficult and fascinating. (wikipedia.org)
  • suggests
  • This suggests that dictator game behavior is well approximated by a model in which dictators maximize utility functions that include benefits received by others, that is, subjects are increasing their utility when they pass money to the recipients. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • Christakis and Fowler found that social networks have great influence on individuals' behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sociocyberneticists' task is to understand the guidance and control mechanisms that govern the operation of society (and the behavior of individuals more generally) in practice and then to devise better ways of harnessing and intervening in them - that is to say to devise more effective ways to operate these mechanisms, or to modify them according to the opinions of the cyberneticist. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, as it is an opportunistic behavior, conditions which may promote such behavior are left up to chance. (mdpi.com)
  • This behavior doesn't usually mitigate the poor quality food, however, and larvae on nitrogen-depleted host plants still experience slower development and decreased digestive efficiency. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Nicholas A. Christakis (born May 7, 1962) is an American sociologist and physician known for his research on social networks and on the socioeconomic and biosocial determinants of behavior, health, and longevity. (wikipedia.org)
  • perform
  • This demonstrated that they were able to perform this species-typical behavior in a naturalistic environment without learning it in the wild. (mdpi.com)
  • order
  • When nitrogen levels are especially low, larvae show compensatory feeding behavior, increasing their already high feeding rate and consuming a larger volume in order to make up for the nutrient deficit. (wikipedia.org)