• mechanisms
  • Finally, a promoter analysis protocol based on fluorescent protein expression was optimized to aid genetic regulation studies on this bacterium.In this work, genetic tools that can support the study of A. amazonense were described.These methods could provide a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms of this species that underlie its plant growth promotion. (nih.gov)
  • These methods could provide a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms of this species that underlie its plant growth promotion. (nih.gov)
  • bacterium
  • Tools for genetic manipulation of the plant growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum amazonense. (nih.gov)
  • Finally, a promoter analysis protocol based on fluorescent protein expression was optimized to aid genetic regulation studies on this bacterium. (nih.gov)
  • exchange
  • Gene transfer and genetic exchange have been studied in the halophilic archaeon Halobacterium volcanii and the hyperthermophilic archaeons Sulfolobus solfataricus and Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. (wikipedia.org)
  • In ciliates, cell fission may follow self-fertilization (autogamy), or it may follow conjugation (exchange of nuclei). (wikipedia.org)
  • organism
  • Despite its affectionate reference as "pond scum" ( Blackburn 2010 ), the beauty of Tetrahymena as a genetic model organism is displayed in many lights. (genetics.org)
  • It is used as a model organism because it is easy to grow and has a haploid life cycle that makes genetic analysis simple since recessive traits will show up in the offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Sexual reproduction involves the combining and mixing of genetic traits: specialized cells known as gametes combine to form offspring that inherit traits from each parent. (wikipedia.org)
  • When two filaments of opposing mating types come close together, the cells form conjugation tubes between the filaments. (wikipedia.org)
  • replication
  • Conjugation and electrotransformation methods were established utilizing vectors with broad host-replication origins (pVS1 and pBBR1). (nih.gov)
  • experimental
  • The discovery of the process of conjugation in prokaryotes was due to one of the most fortuitous experimental designs in recent scientific history. (springer.com)
  • Ever since DNA sequencing became accessible to most research laboratories, reverse genetic analysis has become a standard experimental approach to study bacterial gene function. (asmscience.org)
  • discovery
  • The growing suite of molecular-genetic and genomic tools described here provides a system to couple gene discovery to mechanistic dissections of gene function in the cell. (genetics.org)
  • analysis
  • Genetic analysis of regions of the Lactococcus lactis subsp. (springer.com)
  • Previous BAC clone analysis of the Platyrrhini owl monkey KIRs have shown an unusual genetic structure in some loci. (jove.com)
  • eukaryotes
  • Some have suggested that eukaryotes arose through fusion of an archaean and eubacterium, which became the nucleus and cytoplasm, which accounts for various genetic similarities but runs into difficulties explaining cell structure. (wikibooks.org)
  • proteins
  • We propose that Kap121 also acts as a chaperone, one that can act as a genetic buffer by transporting mutated proteins to the nucleus. (jove.com)
  • process
  • Initially the reproduction was a replicating process that consists in producing new individuals that contain the same genetic information as the original or parent individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tools
  • Recent genomic tools have expanded Tetrahymena 's utility as a genetic model system. (genetics.org)
  • In this review, we discuss major biological questions to which T. thermophila is amenable and the genetic tools available to answer them. (genetics.org)
  • In this work, genetic tools that can support the study of A. amazonense were described. (nih.gov)
  • Elements
  • The consequence of mobile genetic elements can alter the transcriptional patterns, which frequently leads to genetic disorders such as immune disorders, breast cancer, multiple sclerosis, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strategies to combat certain bacterial infections by targeting these specific virulence factors and mobile genetic elements have been proposed. (wikipedia.org)