**molecular**- The first one is the molecular-dynamics N-body simulation that models the motion of plasma particles. (weizmann.ac.il)
- Cell lists (also sometimes referred to as cell linked-lists) are a tool for finding all atom pairs within a given cut-off distance of each other in molecular dynamics simulations. (wikipedia.org)
- Since 3-site models achieve a high computational efficiency, these are widely used for many applications of molecular dynamics simulations. (wikipedia.org)
- In molecular dynamics simulations it gives the correct density and dielectric permittivity of water. (wikipedia.org)
- Thus, it is the application of the Metropolis Monte Carlo simulation to molecular systems. (wikipedia.org)
- A range of software packages have been developed specifically for the use of the Metropolis Monte Carlo method on molecular simulations. (wikipedia.org)
- These include: BOSS MCPro Sire ProtoMS Quantum Monte Carlo Monte Carlo method in statistical physics List of software for Monte Carlo molecular modeling Software for molecular mechanics modeling Bond fluctuation model http://cmm.cit.nih.gov/intro_simulation/node25.html BOSS & MCPro Distribution BOSS & MCPro Distribution Sire website ProtoMS website Allen, M.P. & Tildesley, D.J. (1987). (wikipedia.org)
- Understanding Molecular Simulation. (wikipedia.org)

**mathematical**- The scale of models being simulated by computer simulations today far exceeds anything possible (or perhaps even imaginable) using traditional paper-and-pencil mathematical modeling. (weizmann.ac.il)
- GNU Octave - an open-source mathematical modeling and simulation software very similar to using the same language as Matlab and Freemat. (wikipedia.org)
- In the late 1980s the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research realised the increasing importance of mathematical modelling and computer based simulations that were critical for understanding complex systems, which were used in a wide array of scientific research. (wikipedia.org)
- John W. Harbaugh is an American geologist who spent most of his professional career at Stanford University devoted to research on mathematical modeling of dynamic systems, sedimentary basin simulation and oil exploration risk analysis. (wikipedia.org)

**computational**- Lately, a clear trend in the development and applications of line-broadening calculations is a significant increase in the computational results, in particular, using computer simulations [ 1 ]. (weizmann.ac.il)
- OpenFOAM - open-source software used for computational fluid dynamics (or CFD) OpenEaagles - multi-platform simulation framework to prototype and build simulation applications. (wikipedia.org)
- Stanford University Unstructured - an open-source framework for computational fluid dynamics simulation and optimal shape design. (wikipedia.org)
- It is perhaps no accident that those researchers using computational simulation have been inspired by ideas from biological modeling, ecology, theoretical physics and thermodynamics, chaos theory, complexity theory and organization studies since these methods have also been fruitfully used in those areas. (wikipedia.org)
- Later research using computational simulation flowered in the 1990s and beyond. (wikipedia.org)

**discrete-event**- Object-Oriented Computer Simulation of Discrete-Event Systems offers a comprehensive presentation of a wide repertoire of computer simulation techniques available to the modelers of dynamic systems. (springer.com)
- Unlike other books on simulation, this book includes a complete and balanced description of all essential issues relevant to computer simulation of discrete event systems, and it teaches simulation users how to design, program and exploit their own computer simulation models. (springer.com)
- Object-Oriented Computer Simulation of Discrete-Event Systems demonstrates the basic and generic concepts used in computer simulation of discrete-event systems in a comprehensive, uniform and self-contained manner. (springer.com)
- Facsimile - a free, open-source discrete-event simulation library. (wikipedia.org)
- SimPy - an open-source discrete-event simulation package based on Python. (wikipedia.org)
- Tortuga - an open-source software framework for discrete-event simulation in Java. (wikipedia.org)
- Arena - a flowchart-based discrete event simulation software developed by Rockwell Automation AutoCAST - metal casting design and simulation software developed by Advanced Reasoning Technologies. (wikipedia.org)
- ExtendSim - simulation software for discrete event, continuous, discrete rate and agent-based simulation. (wikipedia.org)
- Flexsim - discrete event simulation software. (wikipedia.org)

**Modeling**- The simulations are based on a lumped mass, resistive element modeling approach. (sae.org)
- JModelica.org is a free and open source software platform based on the Modelica modeling language Mobility Testbed - an open-source multi-agent simulation testbed for transport coordination algorithms. (wikipedia.org)
- AnyLogic - a multi-method simulation modeling tool for business and science. (wikipedia.org)
- Dymola - modeling and simulation software based on the Modelica language. (wikipedia.org)
- Enterprise Architect - a tool for simulation of UML behavioral modeling, coupled with Win32 user interface interaction. (wikipedia.org)
- Simcenter Amesim is a commercial simulation software for the modeling and analysis of multi-domain systems. (wikipedia.org)

**Algorithms**- However, partitioned simulations require stable and accurate coupling algorithms. (wikipedia.org)

**numerical**- Scilab - free open-source software for numerical computation and simulation similar to Matlab/Simulink. (wikipedia.org)
- Numerical simulation of fluid injection into a gaseous environment nowadays is adopted by a large number of CFD-codes codes such as Star-CD of CD-adapco, Ansys and AVL-Fire. (wikipedia.org)

**finite**- A two-dimensional Lagrangian explicit finite difference (EFD) computer program is used to simulate three large-deformation dynamic tests: the Charpy V-notch impact toughness test, oblique impact of a cylindrical rod on armor plate, and driving of copper liners by a shaped high-explosive charge. (sae.org)
- Actran - finite element-based simulation software to analyze the acoustic behavior of mechanical systems and parts. (wikipedia.org)
- CircuitLogix - an electronics simulation software developed by Logic Design Inc. COMSOL Multiphysics - a predominantly finite element analysis, solver and simulation software package for various physics and engineering applications, especially coupled phenomena, or multi-physics. (wikipedia.org)
- FEATool Multiphysics - finite element FEM PDE simulation toolbox for Matlab and GNU Octave. (wikipedia.org)

**Theory**- The reader is expected to have some background in the theory of probability and statistics and only a little programming experience in C++, as the book is not tied down to any particular simulation language. (springer.com)
- Nelson & Winter's (1982) Evolutionary theory of economic change used a simulation to show that an evolutionary model could produce the same sort of GDP / productivity numbers as neo-classical rational choice theorizing. (wikipedia.org)

**calculations**- The process calculations for a given flowsheet are very time-consuming when made by hand, even when done by an experienced process engineer utilizing a computer to perform certain portions of the calculations. (springer.com)
- Application of large-scale digital computers to the complete detailed calculations for process flowsheets allows the engineer to rapidly assess numerous alternates, thus facilitating the selection of an optimum process. (springer.com)

**Centre**- Visually, it resembles the British Rail Integrated Electronic Control Centre (IECC), though most of the simulations do not cover areas operated by IECC-based signal boxes. (wikipedia.org)

**model**- Computer simulation is the discipline of designing an abstract model of an actual physical system, executing the model on a computer, and analyzing the execution output. (weizmann.ac.il)
- Verification and validation of computer simulation models is conducted during the development of a simulation model with the ultimate goal of producing an accurate and credible model. (wikipedia.org)
- This concern is addressed through verification and validation of the simulation model. (wikipedia.org)
- The verification and validation of simulation model starts after functional specifications have been documented and initial model development has been completed. (wikipedia.org)
- In the context of computer simulation, verification of a model is the process of confirming that it is correctly implemented with respect to the conceptual model (it matches specifications and assumptions deemed acceptable for the given purpose of application). (wikipedia.org)
- Many software engineering techniques used for software verification are applicable to simulation model verification. (wikipedia.org)
- There are many approaches that can be used to validate a computer model. (wikipedia.org)
- For example, if a simulation of a fast food restaurant drive through was run twice with customer arrival rates of 20 per hour and 40 per hour then model outputs such as average wait time or maximum number of customers waiting would be expected to increase with the arrival rate. (wikipedia.org)
- To create a simulation model for a system, a set of libraries is used, they contain pre-defined components for different physical domains. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2009 the National Model Railroad Association convention at Fort Wayne hosted workshops demonstrating the use of SimSig for model rail simulations. (wikipedia.org)

**particles**- Given a simulation with N {\displaystyle N} particles with a homogeneous particle density, the number of cells m {\displaystyle m} is proportional to N {\displaystyle N} and inversely proportional to the cut-off radius (i.e. if N {\displaystyle N} increases, so does the number of cells). (wikipedia.org)

**models**- Ecolego - a simulation software tool for creating dynamic models and performing deterministic and probabilistic simulations. (wikipedia.org)
- Simulation models are increasingly being used to solve problems and to aid in decision-making. (wikipedia.org)
- Simulation models are approximate imitations of real-world systems and they never exactly imitate the real-world system. (wikipedia.org)

**systems**- The contribution of computer simulation studies to our understanding of proper- ties of a wide range of condensed-matter systems is now well established. (springer.com)
- The first part contains invited papers which deal with simulational studies of classical systems and includes an introduction to some new simulation techniques and special purpose comput- ers as well. (springer.com)
- APMonitor - a tool for dynamic simulation, validation, and optimization of multi-domain systems with interfaces to Python and MATLAB. (wikipedia.org)
- Automation Studio - a fluid power, electrical and control systems design and simulation software developed by Famic Technologies Inc. Chemical WorkBench - a chemical kinetics simulation software tool developed by Kintech Lab. (wikipedia.org)
- While there are many uses for computer simulation (including the development of engineering systems inside high-technology firms), most academics in the fields of strategic management and organizational studies have used computer simulation to understand how organizations or firms operate. (wikipedia.org)
- Automatic Route Setting, Automatic Headcode Insertion and token systems for single line working are functional in some of the available simulations. (wikipedia.org)
- Although produced by railway software engineers to ensure a high degree of realism, the simulations are usable by those without any in-depth or professional knowledge of signalling systems. (wikipedia.org)

**software**- The software is currently produced by SoftRail (formerly Signal Computer Consultants) for Windows-based computers. (wikipedia.org)
- Cases Computer Simulations (known as C.C.S.) was a software company which specialized in strategy and war games for the ZX Spectrum, a number of which were ported to the BBC Micro, Acorn Electron, Amstrad CPC and IBM PC. (wikipedia.org)
- The following is a list of notable computer simulation software. (wikipedia.org)
- Advanced Simulation Library - open-source hardware accelerated multiphysics simulation software. (wikipedia.org)
- Elmer - an open-source multiphysical simulation software for Windows/Mac/Linux. (wikipedia.org)
- NetLogo - an open-source multi-agent simulation software ns-3 - an open-source network simulator. (wikipedia.org)
- 20-sim - bond graph-based multi-domain simulation software. (wikipedia.org)
- EcosimPro - continuous and discrete modelling and simulation software. (wikipedia.org)
- Enterprise Dynamics - a simulation software platform developed by INCONTROL Simulation Solutions. (wikipedia.org)
- The Rail Safety and Standards Board recommends the use of simulation software as a classroom aid and specifically mentions the SimSig web site as a source: Load and run rail (train and signal) simulation software and obtain an appreciation of the role of drivers and signallers in the rail system. (wikipedia.org)

**structural**- Specific simulation applications are also discussed, one dealing with intervehicular collision compatibility and another involving the investigation of structural variation effects. (sae.org)
- It is concluded that a structural simulation approach of this nature can play an important part in automobile collision studies. (sae.org)

**context**- In this context, the computer programs in Tierra are considered to be evolvable and can mutate, self-replicate and recombine. (wikipedia.org)

**researchers**- More recently, however, researchers have also started to apply computer simulation to understand organizational behaviour at a more micro-level, focusing on individual and interpersonal cognition and behavior such as team working. (wikipedia.org)
- The International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (IMACS) has the goal to establish means of communication between researchers on simulation. (wikipedia.org)

**Physics**- Physics Abstraction Layer - an open-source physics simulation package. (wikipedia.org)
- Project Chrono - an open-source multi-physics simulation framework. (wikipedia.org)
- SOFA - an open-source framework for multi-physics simulation with an emphasis on medical simulation. (wikipedia.org)
- Step - an open-source two-dimensional physics simulation engine (KDE). (wikipedia.org)
- Monte Carlo Simulation in Statistical Physics. (wikipedia.org)

**applications**- Doctor Marcelo Moretti Fioroni of the University of São Paulo, in a paper on rail simulations and their applications in Brazil, cited SimSig as an extremely realistic simulation, reproducing real scenarios. (wikipedia.org)
- Computer Applications in Stratigraphic Analysis. (wikipedia.org)

**Verification**- Verification and application of computerized car-to-car collision simulations are the main subjects of this paper. (sae.org)

**results**- Direct comparisons of simulation results with corresponding crash test data are presented for a number of impact conditions. (sae.org)
- The modelling of a system is done in four steps: sketch mode: in which the different components are linked, submodel mode: in which the physical submodel associated to each component is chosen, parameter mode: in which the parameters for each submodel are set, run mode: in which the simulation is started and results analyzed. (wikipedia.org)

**biological**- I'm interested in computer simulations based on simple rulesets or 'games,' that have biological relevance (usually in population or evolutionary biology. (bio.net)
- Since this is a computer science project, it would focus on the DEVELOPMENT of such a system, and not a specific biological problem. (bio.net)

**program**- A computer program was written which simulated sintering behavior which compared quite favorably with experimental data . (springer.com)
- This new technology allows for the opening and updating of most recent simulations via a single program as opposed to the individual .exe files of previous simulations. (wikipedia.org)

**nowadays**- Therefore, the use of computer in processing the calculation is a must by nowadays standard of practice. (sae.org)

**research**- Hi, I'm a computer science student doing a biology-related independent research project this semester. (bio.net)

**Processes**- Longwell P.A., Kruse J.W. (1995) Computer Simulation of Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant Processes. (springer.com)

**Pages**- Many of the older simulations are based on the real life IECC screen layout with multiple pages or panels to display different parts of the simulation whereas the newer simulations have one scrollable panel which covers the entire simulation. (wikipedia.org)

**main**- Tierra is a computer simulation developed by ecologist Thomas S. Ray in the early 1990s in which computer programs compete for time (central processing unit (CPU) time) and space (access to main memory). (wikipedia.org)

**Available**- A total of 40 simulations are currently available covering England, Wales and Scotland. (wikipedia.org)
- User-created timetables simulating modern, historical, and fictional scenarios are available through simulation forums and other web sites. (wikipedia.org)

**Specific**- With a keyboard and mouse, the player sets routes and operates level crossings as necessary as well as simulations/timetable specific tasks such as operating ground frames. (wikipedia.org)

**includes**- The MWEE collection of EM simulation benchmarks includes a Vivaldi antenna. (wikipedia.org)

**single**- This computer simulation shows the concentration of lithium evolve in a single nanoparticle as a battery works. (eurekalert.org)

**problems**- The book also provides 50 complete simulation problems to assist with writing such simulation programs. (springer.com)

**technology**- CST Computer Simulation Technology. (wikipedia.org)

**approach**- In the ghost cells approach, the simulation box is wrapped in an additional layer of cells. (wikipedia.org)

**language**- Galatea - a multi-agent, multi-programming language, simulation platform. (wikipedia.org)
- ACSL and acslX - an advanced continuous simulation language. (wikipedia.org)

**work**- Cell lists work by subdividing the simulation domain into cells with an edge length greater than or equal to the cut-off radius of the interaction to be computed. (wikipedia.org)